The concept of sustainability has emerged as one of the most important catchphrases of the 21st century, and with good reason: the contemporary world is currently battling the impacts of unrestricted patterns of production and consumption. To put it more succinctly, despite the tremendous advancement of technology and the exponential growth of our population, the overall quality of our lives is gradually deteriorating.

While India is already making rapid gains in the direction of sustainability, there is an urgent need to engage our nation’s youth in helping us reach our sustainable development goals so that we can ensure the country’s continued growth and prosperity.

Where India stands 

India, which is on the verge of entering a new phase of economic growth, is at an intriguing crossroads in terms of the direction it will go in terms of sustainability. Even though our nation’s emissions on a per-person basis are among the lowest in the world, our nation is also the third greatest creator of emissions. In addition, despite having the world’s third-biggest economy, our country has the largest number of people living in poverty according to international standards, despite being the third-largest economy in the world. Our strategy for achieving sustainability faces its greatest obstacles as a result of two factors: the scale of our operations and the rate of our expansion.

Aspiring change-maker

India has assumed a leading role as an aspiring change-maker in the fight against climate change and in the process of formulating developmental schemes that are aligned with the Sustainable Development Goals. These goals were adopted in September 2015 and encompass the social, environmental, and social dimensions of development, including the elimination of all forms of poverty. In order to accomplish this goal, efforts have been made to incorporate all relevant stakeholders, including those from the public and commercial sectors, in the formulation of efficient policies, implementation methods, and best practices.

For instance, in February of 2018, a national workshop on capacity building was held with the purpose of localizing the sustainable development goals. During the month of August 2018, a government and business partnership conclave was held with the goals of educating private enterprises and industries about sustainable development goals and analyzing their program plans in compliance with these goals.

Future of sustainable development in India

There has been a discernible shift in socioeconomic tendencies as the economy continues to flourish and expand to new heights. The nation is still grappling with significant environmental challenges, in particular those associated with the creation of sustainable communities. According to a report that was published in July 2019 by the Comptroller and Auditor General of India, India’s rapidly expanding population, which is frequently cited as the country’s most important resource, can create significant issues of scale in terms of the execution of policies.


According to the findings of the survey, India still has “a long way to go” before it can reach its goal of increasing expenditure on public health. It was also discovered that the country’s primary health infrastructure is inadequate, and there is a severe lack of data to track the country’s progress toward attaining the sustainable development goals for health by the year 2030. Students can learn more about environmental sustainability in biotechnology. Check out the website for Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology, which is one of the most prestigious educational institutions of its kind and places emphasis on the students’ development both professionally and personally. The Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology (BIBT), which dates back to its founding in 2008, is located in Jaipur. Under the affiliation with the University of Rajasthan.

The advent of biotechnology is prominent. Gone are the winds of insipid excitement and permanent are the forces of renovation that contain historic achievements. The use of microbes that have inhabited the earth for millions of years, for bioremedial techniques illustrates the fact that natural history paves a way for present development. Bioremediation of toxic metals from groundwater is an advantage that biotechnology has provided for human health. Arsenic is a toxic metal that can be removed from water by arsenic oxidizing bacteria. The bacteria are used for oxidation of Arsenite As(III) to As(V), that can be easily separated from the water. Many heterotrophic bacteria oxidize As(III)  to detoxify their immediate environment. On the contrary, some bacteria behave as agents that use As(III) as electron donors. Various molecular markers have been identified to recognize bacteria with potential arsenic oxidizing activity such as 16s rRNA, aioA, arsB and others. By oxidizing the more toxic Arsenic As (III) to less toxic As(V) and concomitantly gaining energy, such bacteria have an appreciable ecological advantage over their counterparts. The As oxidase gene has been characterized by bacteria. A study has confirmed that the As oxidase gene is a very ancient gene. In certain ways, Arra and As oxidase have been found to be similar.

Classical technologies are efficient in removal of  As(V) but not As(III). There are also cost intensive. Here Biotechnology counters the problem. Biocolumn reactors with immobilised bacterial cells have been used. A novel cost effective biocomposite- granules of cement coated with cysts of certain cyanobacteria has been studied The composite has been proven to remove 96% arsenic. Many such biocolumns or devices have been made that harness the ability of bacteria to remove As(III) and As(V). The efficiency of these has been very high. Thus techniques of biotechnology have been effectively used to clean drinking water from arsenic. Similar approaches have been taken for remediation of other toxic metals like cadmium, excessive Iron and others. Biotechnology is critically involved in the maintenance of human health.

The environment is an important component necessary for the existence of both mankind and other biotic organisms. The degree of sustainability of the physical environment is an index of the survival and well-being of the entire components in it.

But, human’s activities in his environment involve a lot of chemical synthesis in the process of converting the natural products in his environment into other forms convenient for his utility. In the process of creating products, the man also creates problems either consciously or unconsciously vis-à-vis pollution. The most acceptable solution to the generated wastes in the environment is such that will conveniently integrate them back into the environment.

That method involves the use of microorganisms—usually yeasts, bacteria, or fungi as a whole cell usage production system or in the form of industrial enzymes. In many cases these microorganisms or their products are integrated into the substrates which give us the products, desired in the industries, examples of these are bioleaching (biomining), bio detergent, biotreatment of pulp, biotreatment of wastes (bioremediation), biofiltration, aquaculture treatments, biotreatment of textiles, biocatalysts, biomass fuel production, biomonitoring, and so forth. These are tools (biotechnological tools), which could solve the problem of pollution and help sustain the environment.

This is so because when the products or their constituents are discarded, they go back into the ecosystem. As such, they become reconverted into organic components of the environments. Moreover, their production is strictly biological instead of chemical.