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Due to COVID-19, all global activity has stopped. Everyone trusts medical consultants. Biotechnology experts are also expected to restore normalcy to people’s lives.

A degree in biotechnology engineering is the best choice for today’s society, which is constantly challenged. Biotechnology graduates may miss out on opportunities in the future.

Before pursuing a degree in biotechnology, consider your interest in mathematics, technology, biology, and chemistry.

What exactly does “Biotechnology Engineering” mean?

Modern times demand evolution. An evolution that combines biological research and technology innovation. Do you want to learn more about biotechnology engineering? Please read.

Biotechnology Engineering is one of the most innovative and fruitful sectors of science and technology. This category focuses on increasing human existence through product and technology creation using physics, chemistry, biology, engineering, and mathematics.

The main areas of research in biotechnology engineering include medical, agriculture, energy, and the environment.

Biotechnology degree benefits

Biotechnology has many benefits. The scope of biotechnology courses is also expected to expand in the coming years. Science is expanding quickly to generate human-beneficial technologies. So choosing Biotechnology as a primary career option is a wise choice for your future.

Biotechnology’s top 7 benefits

1. A strong educational basis

Biotechnology Engineering is a popular subject that teaches innovative biotechnology technologies. The latest techniques and technology are required to avoid sinking in such a realm. It makes you more flexible.

2. Career advancement

Biotechnology is a broad course. Professional growth is possible with a wide range of courses. Updating your knowledge and abilities can help your career. The best college for B.Tech biotechnology lets you acquire important positions for tech-savvy individuals.

3. Future-focused

You can work anywhere. Biotechnology course scope is promising in private and government sectors. Choosing the best area for your interests and skills can boost your career.

4. Can boost multiple industries

A biotechnology expert can help create several industries. One can work in pharmaceutical, manufacturing, cell biology, gene therapy, agricultural, environmental applications, and more. They can study any important subject to improve humanity.

5. Develops professional contacts

Professionals understand the significance of biotechnology and gain skills. While taking the course, you can build your network and earn a decent job. Internships and industry exposures improve professional networks.

6. Careers

Those interested in a career in biotechnology have many options. Infinite gateways would evolve quickly. You could be a biochemist, biomedical engineer, bio-manufacturing specialist, clinical technician, medical scientist, or microbiologist. Find the best B. Tech biotechnology institutes in Delhi NCR, UP, and prepare for emerging possibilities.

7.Job security

Biotechnology is one of the most recession-proof careers today. The practice helps one cope with uncertain situations and devise solutions for social uplift.

Conclusion

Engineering is one of science and technology’s most innovative fields. Biotechnology engineering research focuses on medicine, agriculture, energy, and the environment. Graduates who don’t study biotechnology may miss out on opportunities. The best B.Tech biotechnology school helps you land tech-savvy jobs. Private and government biotechnology courses are promising.  One of the best biotechnology institute is B Lal Institute of Biotechnology. 

Biotechnology is the branch of science that uses biochemistry, biology, and genetics principles to the development of useful products and the betterment of human health. Biotechnologists aim to use their fundamental biological knowledge of cells, proteins, and genes to develop new processes, enhance existing processes, or manufacture specific goods. They may specialise in a specific field of biotechnology, such as pharmaceutical or plant biotechnology, or operate in a variety of industries, such as food or bio waste treatment.

Biotechnology is a rapidly expanding area, and the demand for qualified biotechnology experts is likely to rise even faster in the coming decade.

Biotechnology is also extremely important in the field of education. Professorial positions in many disciplines, as well as PhD programmes with stipends. Many overseas companies seek biotechnology graduates for roles like:

  • Medical Laboratory Scientist
  • Director – Drug Manufacturing Operations
  • Cell Therapy Scientist
  • Laboratory technician Microbiology
  • Cell Culture Analyst

There are many government and private companies that recruit biotechnologists. Some Job roles in both private and government sectors are:

  • Research Interns- R&D Jobs
  • Safety Expert
  • Bioinformist
  • Clinical Research Jobs
  • Scientific Writer
  • Biotech Specialist

Salary packages in the government sector for B.Sc. biotechnology graduates

Graduates with a B.Sc. in Biotechnology will find work in the government sector.. The following are some of the most popular government job roles available to B.Sc. in Biotechnology graduates:-

JOBS                           JOB POSITION     SALARY PER ANNUM
1.

2.

3.

                         Epidemiologist 

                         Project leader

                         Biostatistician

    INR 6 LPA

    INR  14.1 LPA

    INR 5.5 LPA

Private Jobs for B.Sc. Biotechnology Graduates

There are several fields where a B.Sc. Biotechnology graduates can work. These include hospitals, pharmaceuticals, food production firms, clinical research firms, laboratories, consultation agencies.. Following is the list of some private jobs.

JOBS                     JOB POSITION SALARY PER ANNUM
1.

2. 

3.

                   Medical coder

                 Research associate

         Biotechnology instructor

INR 4.5 LPA

INR 3.5 LPA

INR 5.4 LPA

Top firms that recruit Biotechnologists

  • Reliance Life Sciences
  • Glaxosmithkline
  • Biocon
  • Cipla
  • Cadila Healthcare
  • Ranbaxy

Other B.Sc. Biotechnology jobs

  • All India Biotech Association- Government
  • Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology – Government
  • Biotech Consortium India Limited- Government
  • Agriculture Sector- Government
  • Research Interns- R&D Jobs- private
  • Safety Expert- private
  • Bioinformist- private
  • Clinical Research Jobs- private
  • Production Jobs in Pharma Industry- private
  • Scientific Writer- private
  • Biotech Specialist- private

 

Author 

MUSKAN JHA

BSC BIOTECHNOLOGY PART 2

Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology, Jaipur

We all become aware of various types of trends based on all elements of life as a result of our interconnected environment. Some trends are peculiar, while others are amusing, and it appears that the esoteric world of science is no exception. With the COVID-19 craze still going strong, advancements in one field of research are getting more attention than others. This domain ‘integrates natural sciences with engineering sciences in order to produce technologies and products that draw inspiration from numerous biological systems existing in our environment for the greater good.’

As you may have guessed, we’re talking about Biotechnology, which isn’t a new branch of study, but the COVID-19 epidemic has brought the importance of this somewhat obscure realm of science to our attention. To emphasize the rapid rate of progress in Biotechnology, we’ve put up a list of the hottest trends and innovations for 2022.

Before we begin, we’d like to point out that, in order to provide you with the most accurate research, all “trends” are ranked on two scales: present relevance and worldwide investment. In addition, one recent innovation in each area is shown, because what good is a trend if it doesn’t foster innovation?

1. Precision Medicines 

Precision medicines are one of the biotechnology megatrends, thanks to recently developed advanced tools like CRISPR gene editing and enhanced gene sequencing techniques. Precision medicines, as opposed to conventional medicines, allow for individualized treatment based on a person’s genetics. Furthermore, researchers can improve or generate future precision medicines by analyzing the influence of past precision medicines on highly specific gene pools, which aids in the development of newer precision medications.

In the year 2020, the pharmaceutical industry will have received a total investment of $200 billion USD for the research and development of new precision pharmaceuticals around the world.

Latest Innovation in Precision Medicine 

Researchers at companies like Moderna, BioNtech, and Pfizer are aiming to apply mRNA technology to oncology, which means that mRNA-based cancer vaccines can be used to detect and eradicate tumor cells.

These tailored cancer vaccinations are created for each patient individually. To distinguish healthy cells from ill cells, the tumor and DNA of the patient are analyzed for mutations. Researchers can develop a very precise mRNA molecule to manufacture the vaccination using AI and machine learning. Once injected into the patient, the mRNA vaccine guides the cells to produce specific proteins that train the immune system to recognise and kill malignant cells. Personalized mRNA vaccines for cancer can be developed in the same time frame as the COVID-19 mRNA vaccines.

2. Artificial Intelligence and Big Data 

Surprised!!? That is how a new subject of computer science might become a biotechnology trend.

Artificial Intelligence (AI) allows biotechnology businesses to automate a wide range of activities, allowing them to scale up their operations. For example, biopharmaceutical entrepreneurs use AI to speed up the drug discovery process, while researchers in domains like proteomics, genomics, and glycomics use AI to decipher the structures and sequencing of these varied sets of proteins.

The fact that humans alone have over 25,000 genes and 1,000,000 proteins is a prime example of Big Data’s existence in biology. Human minds will find it difficult to analyze and make good use of this unstructured data, therefore we will once again turn to AI to extract relevant combinations, models, and other information from this massive data set.

The global total corporate investment in AI reached over 68 billion dollars in 2020, and it is expected to reach 126 billion dollars by 2025.

Latest Innovation in Artificial Intelligence and Big Data 

Converting data, mostly  unstructured data into structured data is a lengthy and demanding process.  Collection of technologies known as Intelligent Process Automation (IPA) have been  developed by major tech companies to automate and immensely speed up this  process with the help of AI.

3. Biofuels

The definition of biofuel in the dictionary is “any fuel obtained from biomass, such as plant or algal material or animal waste.” The presence of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere is increasing, which is a severe problem. In the year 2019, the level of CO2 in the atmosphere reached a new high of roughly 409 ppm (parts per million). Carbon dioxide emissions have also been steadily rising, with an annual increase of 12 billion tonnes of CO2 between 1990 and 2020. With ever-increasing energy demand and rapidly decreasing fossil fuel stocks, the development of efficient biofuels is a must.

Globally, 15.3 billion USD has been invested in research and development of better and more efficient biofuels in the previous five years (2015-2019).

Latest Innovation in Biofuels

Researchers at Columbia University, exploited a type  of bacteria called N. europaea which uses energy released from reactions between  Ammonia and Carbon Dioxide and makes liquid biofuels as byproducts inside of  uniquely called Reverse Microbial Fuel Cells (R-MFC). Similar processes have been  developed at Harvard University in which biofuels are made with the help of a  different type of bacteria called Shewanella.

4. Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicines 

Tissue engineering is a relatively new and emerging branch of biotechnology. The  development of advanced techniques in bioprinting and microfluidics now allow  formation of autologous tissue grafts for various purposes such as organ  transplantation, treating burns and regenerative medicine. Furthemore, tissue  engineering provides alternatives to surgical reconstruction, transplants and other  medical devices that are used to repair damaged tissues.

Previously, tissue engineering was only limited to biomedical applications, plant  tissue cultures, but now these days some companies have also started to engineer  tissues on a small scale as an alternative to direct animal products such as  laboratory meat and laboratory leather etc. However, this area is still in development  and it needs to first reach a larger scale for products to be competitive in price with  directly obtained animal based products.

Tissue engineering can be done by four types of biomaterials namely polymers,  ceramics, metals and composites (blend of above three). The source of these  materials can either be synthetic or natural.

The fusion of cells to biomaterials is called a ‘construct’ and is the foundation of  current tissue engineering. Construct-based conventional tissue engineering  platforms are required because :- 1) Cells need a solid base to grow and proliferate.  2) Tissues need a solid scaffold to keep desired shape. 3) The rigid and porous  scaffold also serves as an inductive and instructive guide that signals for cell  differentiation, migration and orientation in a specific manner. 4) The porous  structure of a solid scaffold will allow cell seeding and vascularisation. 5) The initial  solid and porous scaffold will later get replaced by natural structures through  morphogenesis of parenchymal and stromal cells, inside and outside of the tissue  construct.

The global market size for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine was  estimated at 9.5 billion USD in 2019 alone and is expected to witness a compound  annual growth rate of 18.5% between 2020 to 2027.

Latest Innovation in Tissue Engineering

Apligraf – a bilayered skin substitute – was  the first allogeneic cell based therapy which received permission for sale as a  treatment for venous leg ulcers.

Apligraf is constructed by growing human foreskin-derived neonatal fibroblasts (a  type of stem cells) in a bovine type I collagen matrix over which human foreskin derived neonatal epidermal keratinocytes are then cultured and allowed to stratify.  Still, Apligraf does not directly restore the skin, but transiently protects and provides  injured skin with scaffold and signaling molecules (produced by the cells within the  construct) which fosters and accelerates skin regeneration.

5. Food Biotechnology and Agriculture 

Biotechnology offers a variety of options for improving food quality, such as nutritional content and shelf life, as well as raising agricultural production. These tools include genetic engineering, the use of microbes for specialized purposes, and the mass manufacture of enzymes for food manufacturing, such as catalase enzymes for mayonnaise, chymosin for cheese, and alpha amylase for baking.

The most publicized use of biotechnology in history of food biotechnology and  agriculture is the development of Bt Corn and Bt Cotton respectively which are  genetically modified species, they are exceptionally effective against certain insect  species due to their ability to express a unique bacterial protein from Bacillus  thuringiensis called as ‘Cry’, these proteins are toxic against certain pest insects but  are harmless to mammals and birds. Since then, biotechnology has continually  proven its prowess in improving food quality and agricultural yields.

Investment in Food Biotechnology raised 8.37 billion USD in 2020 alone and experts  estimate that the market will remain headstrong in this evergreen industrial sector.

Latest Innovation in Food Biotechnology and Agriculture

Harnessing the  biodegradable waste products from agriculture is always a top priority in the field of  biofuels as we discussed above. Similarly, putting food waste to good use is another  challenge. For instance, 6 to 8 million metric tons of shellfish waste is produced  every year during the making of seafood. Scientists have found a good use for this  waste by turning the chitin (a heteropolysaccharide) from shells of shellfish in  chitosan, which serves as biodegradable plastic wrap that could be used in food  packaging.

6. Honorable Mention – Biotechnology in mRNAVaccines

There are myriad types of vaccines that have been developed for various purposes  and it’s no secret that all types of vaccine development uses tools present in the  arsenal of biotechnology. Without delving deep into the application of biotechnology  in each type of vaccine, we will just focus on the most recently developed, a new  type of vaccine called ‘mRNA vaccine’.

mRNA vaccines consist of mRNA (messenger RNA), which is encoded by antigen  genes of an infectious agent. When the mRNA from mRNA vaccine is administered  into host cells, it will translate into protein antigens that will invoke protective  immunity against the infectious agent. Vaccines based on mRNA allow quick  responses against pandemic microbe strains as they are easy to mass produce.

One unique feature of mRNA vaccines is that they are able to induce cellular and  humoral immunity equally. Also in comparison to DNA vaccines, mRNA vaccines  offer stronger safety advantages because mRNA vaccines carry only the elements  that are directly required for expression of the encoded proteins and rarely interact  with the genome. Because any protein can be encoded and expressed by mRNA,  mRNA vaccines offer maximum flexibility with respect to vaccine production, and  principally enable the development of prophylactic and therapeutic vaccines fighting  against infections and cancers.

Latest Innovation in mRNA Vaccines 

mRNA COVID-19 vaccines, a precision  medicine, is evidently also an latest example of mRNA vaccines.

Conclusion

Finally, the number of biotechnology applications is vast and inexhaustible. Biotechnology’s varied contributions appear to have an impact on and enhance every element of life. With these trends accelerating in the field of biotechnology, I hope I’ve persuaded you why biotechnology occupies the highest echelon in the auditorium of applied sciences, and how biotechnology sharpens and exploits every biological system on the planet, from bacteria to higher echelons of eukaryotes, to provide an endless stream of innovations that make life a little easier step by step.

 

Author: Priyesh Avasthi

College: Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology

Course: M.Sc. Microbiology, Semester – 1

Biotechnology is now becoming one of the best assets to this ever-changing human world. Biotechnology is one of the most reliable answers to the dangerous question of climate change. Using energy efficient farming, carbon sequestration, and reducing synthetic fertilizer use. Planting genetically modified crops are better than regular crops as they have shown reduction in green house gases emitted.

This reduction isn’t a negligible reduction. In 2012, greenhouse gas emissions were reduced to the equivalent of removing 27 billion kg of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, which is equivalent to removing 11.9 million cars from the road.  Green biotechnology is in use extensively these days as they allow production of more fertile and more resistant plant and with the help of efficient farming production of biofuel from traditional crops has help to reduce the adverse effects of transport sector.  Hence, reducing the total carbon emission from atmosphere and helping planet to cool down.

Also Read: Global Warming’s Impact on Infectious Diseases

As we all know that fossil fuel which we use so extensively are also playing a huge hand in increasing air pollution and according to a report is estimated to kill millions of people each year, but thanks to the modern achievements made by biotechnology we are now shifting to “Biofuels”. Utilizing the natural breaking down abilities of microorganisms can generate biofuels from agricultural and forestry wastes. The use of Biofuels should be encouraged so that :

  • The carbon emission will reduce.
  • To prevent the depletion of fossil fuels.

In comparison with diesel, biodiesel provides 93% more usable energy, reduces greenhouse gas emissions by 41%, reduces several major air pollutants, and has very little impact on human and environmental health, including nitrogen, phosphorus, and pesticide relief.

With the rise of industrial growth the creation of new materials was needed because of the scarcity of natural resources that’s when plastic came. One of the main reasons why plastic became so famous is due to the fact that it was easy to manufacture, it was cheap, and it was easy to avail but due to the growth of plastic, plastic pollution was inevitable, and thus the world witnessed a huge rise in plastic pollution. The waste from petrochemical plastic production plants as well as the tones of non-biodegradable plastic thrown away daily is huge problem for the environment. The solution to this is “Bioplastics”.

Bioplastics are plastics made from renewable biomass sources such as vegetable fats and oils, starch, and recycled food waste. These bioplastics are compostable plastic which will break down in compost pile leaving no toxic residue behind.

Why bioplastic over plastic?

Plastics take approximately 20 to 500 years to decompose depending on their structure and materials. While in comparison bioplastic only take 3-6 months to decompose.

Biotechnology involves applying life sciences to traditional manufacturing and chemical synthesis. The industrial biotechnology industry plays a crucial role in addressing climate change and empowering economic development. It is the key to producing clean, renewable alternatives to petroleum-based fuels and other products, and can greatly reduce the energy consumption and GHG emissions from a wide range of industrial processes by enhancing efficiency, reducing waste and capturing and capturing and converting carbon dioxide.

It follows that “biotechnology can significantly contribute to climate change mitigation and adaptation”. Yet biotechnology is hardly ever referred as a ‘clear technology’.

Author: Divyam Dave

College: Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology

Course: B.Sc Biotechnology Part-III

All areas of human life, including infectious diseases, are impacted by global warming. The complicated relationship between the human host population and the causative infectious pathogen determines the effects of global warming. Changes in the environment may cause human migration, which in turn may cause disease patterns to vary. Crop failures and famine may reduce the host’s ability to fight infections. The paucity and contamination of potable water sources may facilitate disease transmission. Significant economic and political stressors, on the other hand, may wreak havoc on the existing public health infrastructure, leaving humanity unprepared for unexpected epidemics. The abundance and distribution of disease vectors will undoubtedly be affected by global warming.

Also Read: Biotechnology Solutions For Everyday Life

Many vector-borne diseases, such as malaria, dengue fever, plague, and viruses that cause encephalitic syndromes, are likely to be affected. Infectious illness epidemiology will undoubtedly shift as a result of global warming.

With these present issues looming, one would ask how we will be able to address them.

How Biotechnology is reducing the effects of Global Warming?

Biotechnology is one of the solutions to global warming and the effort to mitigate its impacts. With the help of genetically modified crops, energy efficient farming, carbon sequestration, and reduced synthetic fertiliser use, biotechnology has made significant progress in the domains of green agriculture. Planting genetically modified crops is preferable than planting normal crops since they emit fewer greenhouse gases.

This reduction isn’t a negligible reduction. “In 2012, greenhouse gas emissions were reduced by “eliminating 27 billion kg of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, equivalent to removing 11.9 million cars from the road in a year.” These GMOs have proven to be resistant and easy to fertilise, and they are assisting in reducing the effects of global warming.

With the present COVID-19 pandemic at its peak, the use of plastic in the form of PPE kits and face masks has skyrocketed. This medically discarded plastic will take at least 20-50 million years to decompose, so we can image how harmful it will be if we do not properly dispose of the plastic trash, or we may witness another wave of covid or another covid strain in the future.

However, biotechnology has come up with the idea of bioplastics, which are polymers made from biomass sources, and if we can utilise bioplastic to make PPE kits and face masks, they will not only disintegrate quickly, but will also restrict the spread of the virus.

From genome mapping to genetic engineering, the variety of biotechnologies that have the potential to help treat infectious illnesses of poverty is vast, and it continues to grow with advances in scientific research.

Also Read: Importance of DNA Sequencing in Biotechnology

Biotechnologies and other biomedical advancements will almost certainly lead to the development of new and improved vaccinations, diagnostics, and treatments to combat disease. They can also aid in improving disease understanding, disease pathology, epidemiology, and vector control, hence limiting the impacts and transmission of infection.

Author: Divyam Dave

College: Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology

Course: B.Sc Biotechnology Part-III

Hey folks! 

As we all know that due to Covid-19, the entire world was forced to go into quarantine and lockdown, everything was stopped from businesses to big corporate companies, shopping malls to schools. Life came to a halt to save human lives. Communication and technical improvements have made it possible for us to work, learn, and enjoy the safety of our homes, and they are now an integral part of our everyday lives. Online education has grown in popularity among working professionals and students pursuing higher education in this period of the “new normal.” The impact of online education has grown as a result of the variety of courses available and the ease with which students can access them.

Online Learning vs Classroom Learning 

While many professors and students appreciate online education, some are still uncomfortable with it and prefer traditional classroom learning. Online courses demand more drive and self-discipline than traditional classroom courses. Students sometimes complain about finding it difficult to concentrate and learn in online classes due to potential network troubles, excessive background noise, and a lack of a conducive learning environment in their homes.

However, there are many advantages of online education. It offers a better visual experience by including animations that can be used interactively for optimal learning and communication. It provides students with better learning options that are right at their fingertips. Even a simple smartphone in the hands of students can help them learn.

Classroom learning, on the other hand, allows students to communicate with their peers face to face, which can help students establish a stable environment for social interactions and even teach them the value of communication skills. 

Let’s talk about the impact of online education

Even if they are beneficial, the negative impact of online classes on students are seen. Aside from children being unable to study effectively, teachers are finding it difficult to adjust to technology, which frequently results in disruptions in teaching and learning. While online schooling is convenient, it also exposes children to screens and radiation for extended periods of time, which can lead to obesity, sleep disorders, chronic neck and back problems, anxiety, and worse test results.

Also Read: Advantages of Biotechnology in Healthcare

According to recent studies, excessive screen time can harm the brain’s “white matter” in kids of younger ages. Online education also necessitates the purchase of a proper internet connection, which is not cheap, and many students are forced to purchase laptops or new smart phones from their parents as a result of online learning and online classes, which some parents may be unable to afford, resulting in the child’s learning coming to a halt. Online education has also led to the neglect of students’ mental health, which has now gone unchecked for over a year, and professors may have no idea what their students are going through. 

Key Takeaways?

While online learning is a valuable tool, it has also led to students disrespecting their lecturers. Many incidents have been documented around the world in which students attack their professors, upset them, and even disrupt others’ studying.

In these critical times, internet learning is one of humanity’s greatest achievements, but if left unchecked and improperly utilised, it might lead to a disastrous future!

Author: Divyam Dave

College: Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology

Course: B.Sc Biotechnology Part-III

Today’s youth population is larger than ever, with 1.8 billion people under the age of 25 which 90 percent of whom live in less developing nations. The National Policy Plan is the United Nations’ road map for assisting countries in economic growth, social well-being, and environmental sustainability (2030 Agenda). Each one of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) represents a great opportunity to improve humanity’s health and quality of life. Their long-term effectiveness, however, is dependent on efforts to raise youth awareness and knowledge of environmental well-being.

In essence, young people are the foundations and driving forces behind the success of the SDGs. The 2030 Agenda emphasizes young people’s inherent ability to drive change, and youth are involved in more than one-third of the SDGs’ benchmarks, either explicitly or implicitly.

The emergence of coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) and the rapid spread of the COVID-19 pandemic by the end of 2019 have caused major health concerns for the global population. As a result, in a relatively short amount of time, health worries have converted into worldwide economic and societal problems, generating an unprecedented climate of uncertainty.

Also Read: SELF-RELIANT INDIA IN 21ST CENTURY

Entrepreneurship and innovation are crucial in this circumstance because they have the ability to dramatically lessen the COVID-19 outbreak’s harmful impacts. Entrepreneurship is widely recognized as a long-term socioeconomic development engine, with the potential to improve citizens’ well-being by raising nations’ and regions’ wealth and worth. As a result, in order to overcome the crisis and turn flaws into long-term competitive advantages, entrepreneur expertise and resources, as well as individual skill, must be part of the solution.

Entrepreneurship is an important component of any economic system’s ability to sustain economic growth. It appears to be a requirement for long-term development, and it could be viewed as strategic equipment for ensuring an equitable and non-discriminatory society. Through startups, it enables citizens to create a self-domain of economic activity. In the second decade of the twenty-first century, this strategic evolution in entrepreneurial trends is thought to be a response to the requirement for sustainability and rapid expansion among the doldrums of global business and an unpredictable economy. Because it has the potential to bring about necessary changes to current products, processes, and behavioural patterns, sustainable entrepreneurship has received special attention in the face of the challenges of reducing the negative environmental and societal impacts caused by current unsustainable business tactics.

Sustainopreneurship (environmentally sustainable innovation and entrepreneurship) is said to have evolved from earlier concepts like ecopreneurship and social entrepreneurship. The notion comprises addressing sustainability challenges through novel collaborations in order to make environmental and social sustainability a critical vision and goal, while simultaneously adhering to the constraints imposed in order to maintain life support systems operating.

To put it another way, it may be a “business with a purpose” that uses sustainable solutions to translate global challenges into economic opportunity. Sustainable entrepreneurship offers a unique viewpoint on the development of economic, social, and ecosystem values, with a focus on future generations’ well-being.

Without a doubt, the potential advantage of Sustainopreneurship is enormous, in many ways: by preventing the occurrence of expensive, wasteful, and environmentally inexcusable technologies, by assisting businesses in optimizing capacity, input use, including human capital, and by providing optimal customer service – all while avoiding the use of wasteful and non-recyclable packaging. All of this equates to significant energy, material, and labour savings, with an estimated total worth of 30-40 percent of world GDP in the next 10-15 years.

Also Read: TOP 10 BIOTECHNOLOGY START-UPS IN INDIA

The Indian government’s ‘Digital India’ and ‘Start-up India’ programmes have resulted in significant improvements in the sphere of entrepreneurship since 2015, owing to the sheer deployment of professional e-commerce administration. According to Bank of America Merrill Lynch, India’s e-commerce business will be valued $220 billion in gross merchandise volume by 2025. The Sustainopreneurship concept can lead to a paradigm shift in e-entrepreneurship, resulting in long-term business process sustainability and addressing societal challenges such as unemployment, poverty, social exclusion, environmental degradation, economic development, and triple bottom line. As a result, efforts must be made to disseminate a wealth of literature on sustainable business, a full understanding of the problem environment, and a conceptual model tailored to entrepreneurship.

The dynamism in the millennial business environment has pushed concentrated emphasis on the relationship between entrepreneurship and sustainable development due to the originality of the issues for the continued sustainability of company, economics, and society. Sustainopreneurship has recently piqued the curiosity of a number of scientific disciplines. Sustainopreneurship can offer a strategic perspective on the extension and sustainability of e-continued entrepreneurship, which has had a significant impact on economic development, industrial progress, and society’s long-term development.

Having the kind of meal we’re devouring nowadays would not be viable without biotechnology, biotechnology has over shadowed the maximum boundaries of our everyday existence and it is no marvel that those technological trends have observed their manner into our meals to form the future of food. Biotechnology in food is not some thing new it is promisingly been applied in regions like preservation, fermentation, brewing, distillation by Egyptians and Chinese community from 2nd millennium itself. About 5 years ago, multiple smaller groups sprouted and debuted biotech-derived foods for interested client’s and food-service markets however through the years attitude towards biotech food have gradually become more favourable as human beings recognize the environmental, economic, and dietary blessings they are going to impart, and acknowledged the safety of those food products with regard to human health and thus the environment.

Today genetically engineered microorganisms for the assembly of vitamins, organic acids, amino acids, sweeteners ,fit to be eaten oils and dietary supplements are frequently developed from the insertion of a useful gene into microorganisms and is going to play an vital function for the manufacturing of functional foods. Functional foods additionally stated as Nutraceuticals have become to be got here as preventive drugs and may assist additional fitness associated.

It is viable to bolster the impact of present probiotic lines and make absolutely new probiotics with a couple of fitness blessings as an example , it is broadly believed that omega-three fatty acids are useful in opposition to cardiovascular diseases. Biotech’s growing wave of excessive-tech meals, together with the use of gene enhancing strategies like CRISPR–Cas9 or transcription activator–like effector nuclease (TALEN), it has already produced some of promising merchandise like Flavr Savr Tomato, Golden rice, Evolva, anti browning white button mushroom and plenty of others.

Today, Okanagan Specialty Fruits grows apples that don’t brown after they’re sliced and Simplot sells potatoes that don’t bruise easily during storage, and produce less acrylamide- a compound recognized as a likely carcinogen—whilst cooking. On April 1, 2019 the fast-food chain Burger King brought to its menu a plant-based burger made by Impossible Foods that tastes uncannily like meat, due to bioengineered yeast. Perfect Day, a California-based start-up, is functioning with natural microbes to provide dairy-free milk in preference to farm animals farming, one of the main reasserts of greenhouse emission.

Afineur is functioning with one of the major derivative from the food industry, which debts for billions of lots of waste per annum , to craft a nutritious and flexible vegan protein. Beyond Meat is making plant-based products using pea protein, beets and other vegetables to form meat options whose appearance and flavour is like animal protein with out the cholesterol. Silicon Valley biotech start-up Memphis Meats is garnering headlines for culturing animal stem cells to develop actual meat without the animals. Each of these innovations offer purchasers flavourful quality nutrition reciprocally for a miles higher ecological footprint. Agriculture is one of the primary sector of India that at once or not directly influences all of us. Total food grain manufacturing is 291.95 million tonnes for 2019-20 however it’s going to growth.

Biotechnology – A new era is beginning. In the 21st century, one of the greatest challenges is feeding the world. Without biotechnology and the use of scientific advancements, it will not be possible to overcome this challenge. Biotechnology influences the healthcare industry in different ways. Trends in biotechnology change the features of the medical field.

Be it the production of genetically improved treatment for diseases, enhancement of immunity against diseases, biotechnology has become a significant part of the medical world and has proved to be a boon for the medical science in numerous ways. The helpfulness of microorganisms has proved to be a boon in the agricultural, pharmaceutical and food processing industries.

With time, the requirement of highly qualified and significantly skilled biotechnology researchers has increased as the global economy is reaching new heights. It has not only helped to modify the agricultural crops for increasing their nutritional aspects but has also increased their yields. So even for the farmers the field of biotechnology has proved to be a boon. In order to decrease the utilization of insecticides, the use of genetically modified insecticidal plants has shown significant beneficial effects. With the decrease in the use of insecticides, their harmful effects on the crops will also decrease.

Biotechnology holds a significant value in the treatment of numerous diseases. The techniques of biotechnology are involved from growing the antibiotic producing microbes in fermentation broth to finally obtaining a pure antibiotic product in pharmaceutical industries. Furthermore, with the use of modern biotechnology, there can be an enhancement in the advanced treatment methods for numerous diseases. Biotechnology plays an important role in the healthcare system. Biotechnology is used significantly in the production of various medicines and vaccines for the treatment of different diseases. This field is also involved in various other medical processes which have significant roles in the healthcare system. Some of the most important sectors of biotechnology in the field of healthcare are described below:

Biopharmaceutical

 A field in which biotechnology is used for the making of drugs for medical purposes. The formulation and composition of these drugs is usually done with the life forms that are taken from the different microorganisms. Since the efficiency and usefulness of these drugs is much more as compared to the existing ones, thereby these drugs have replaced the existing drugs. Also, in bio-pharmaceutical drugs no synthetic products or chemicals are used. Only microorganisms are used for making these drugs. They work in such a way that they specifically target the hidden mechanism of a disease and enhance the immune system of the body with no side effects. Now, scientists are workings on the cure for cancer, hepatitis and other diseases like heart- related problems with the help of biopharmaceutical products.

Pharmaco-Genomics

A field that is the combination of two different fields, i.e., genomics and pharmaceuticals. This field helps in studying the genetic information of an individual which further helps in understanding the response of the body to the given drugs. The main aim of this field is the generation of such drugs which are specific for an individual in accordance to his/her genetic make-up. With this process, the chances of curing any disease increases thereby decrease the processing time of the drugs which is of significant help for humans.

Gene Therapy 

A technique of biotechnology that is utilized for the diagnosis of diseases such as Parkinson’s, Cancer, etc. The instrument utilized in this field helps in replacing or curing the infected of unhealthy genes of the individuals.

Genetic Testing/Screening

A process of biotechnology which is utilized for finding out the hereditary diseases of an individual, i.e., a disease which an individual acquires from the genes of their ancestors or parents. In addition, this process is also used significantly in the legal proceedings such as finding out the parents of an individual or testifying a criminal, etc.

With all the above points, one can definitely say that Biotechnology has a bright future and with this highly qualified medical biotechnologists will be needed to secure the healthy future of mankind as well as nature.

Author: Suhela Agarwal

College: Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology

Course: M.Sc. Biotechnology Semester IV

Sustainable improvement is a assignment all of us should take. Environmental sustainability is one of the giant problems confronted by the humanity. Expeditious industrialization has placed a constraint on the resources. Establishing a conservationist surroundings is indispensable. For twenty first century the heroes may be who introduce extra sustainability. It is the obligation of each man or woman and must be a manner of life. It is not always an easily described concept, neither is there any predefined manner of reaching it. The only technique of maintaining the surroundings is such that returns all the additives in a recyclable manner to preserve the equilibrium.

Ground-breaking biotechnology research is providing construction blocks to offer answer for resurrecting the ecosystem. Biotechnology industry is running on renovating contemporary substances and techniques with extra sustainable and biological alternatives. There is a plethora of places where biotechnology could make a great difference. Biotechnology has uniquely placed itself over the pinnacle of complex region to make an impact. The most important motto of sustainability is people, planet and profit and biotechnology is successfully running on this integration to make changes.

The grasp plan is to locating techniques that use recyclable compounds and substances that can successfully lessen waste accumulation and as we all of us are properly privy about the plastic pollution, new technologies have been working to produce 100% recyclable plastic from agricultural and forest waste and in turn killing two birds with a single stone i.e. solving the problem of sustainability and well as waste. Biotech is supplying modern answers to produce fuel from sources like sawdust, rice hulls, almond hulls, and municipal waste to play a small role in our low carbon future. Some companies are exploiting the natural ability of microorganisms to break waste and produce fuel. 

In many cases these microorganisms or their products are integrated into the substrates which give us the products, desired within the industries, samples of these are bioleaching (biomining), bio detergent, biotreatment of pulp, bio treatment of wastes (bioremediation), bio filtration, aquaculture treatments, biotreatment of textiles, biocatalysts, biomass fuel production, bio monitoring, and so forth. In an environmental context, biotechnology has its greatest contribution to form in agriculture — especially by improving crop-yields. 

It offers opportunities to style crops for specific environments and to form crops more efficient producers of food-energy than otherwise. Not only this biotechnology is also revolutionising the construction industry, the production of many construction materials requires toxic chemicals, energy and water and emits large amount of carbon but now companies are focusing on using biodegradable materials such as cocoa husks, dried orange peels, and ground blue pea flowers to create sustainable construction materials. In London, a start-up called Biohm is looking into using mushrooms to produce construction materials from organic waste. In the Netherlands, the corporate Green Basilisk seeks to extend the lifespan of concrete by embedding it with bacteria that repair the fabric when it suffers damage. US-based Biomason uses similar microbes to make cement tiles with a low-carbon footprint.

Along with this the biotechnology industries are transforming manufacturing processes to provide green technology tools for sustainable development to safeguard our natural resources. These are tools (biotechnological tools), which could solve the matter of pollution and help sustain the environment.

Author: Akshita Sharma

College: Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology

Course: M.Sc Biotechnology sem 4