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Biotechnology is now becoming one of the best assets to this ever-changing human world. Biotechnology is one of the most reliable answers to the dangerous question of climate change. Using energy efficient farming, carbon sequestration, and reducing synthetic fertilizer use. Planting genetically modified crops are better than regular crops as they have shown reduction in green house gases emitted.

This reduction isn’t a negligible reduction. In 2012, greenhouse gas emissions were reduced to the equivalent of removing 27 billion kg of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, which is equivalent to removing 11.9 million cars from the road.  Green biotechnology is in use extensively these days as they allow production of more fertile and more resistant plant and with the help of efficient farming production of biofuel from traditional crops has help to reduce the adverse effects of transport sector.  Hence, reducing the total carbon emission from atmosphere and helping planet to cool down.

Also Read: Global Warming’s Impact on Infectious Diseases

As we all know that fossil fuel which we use so extensively are also playing a huge hand in increasing air pollution and according to a report is estimated to kill millions of people each year, but thanks to the modern achievements made by biotechnology we are now shifting to “Biofuels”. Utilizing the natural breaking down abilities of microorganisms can generate biofuels from agricultural and forestry wastes. The use of Biofuels should be encouraged so that :

  • The carbon emission will reduce.
  • To prevent the depletion of fossil fuels.

In comparison with diesel, biodiesel provides 93% more usable energy, reduces greenhouse gas emissions by 41%, reduces several major air pollutants, and has very little impact on human and environmental health, including nitrogen, phosphorus, and pesticide relief.

With the rise of industrial growth the creation of new materials was needed because of the scarcity of natural resources that’s when plastic came. One of the main reasons why plastic became so famous is due to the fact that it was easy to manufacture, it was cheap, and it was easy to avail but due to the growth of plastic, plastic pollution was inevitable, and thus the world witnessed a huge rise in plastic pollution. The waste from petrochemical plastic production plants as well as the tones of non-biodegradable plastic thrown away daily is huge problem for the environment. The solution to this is “Bioplastics”.

Bioplastics are plastics made from renewable biomass sources such as vegetable fats and oils, starch, and recycled food waste. These bioplastics are compostable plastic which will break down in compost pile leaving no toxic residue behind.

Why bioplastic over plastic?

Plastics take approximately 20 to 500 years to decompose depending on their structure and materials. While in comparison bioplastic only take 3-6 months to decompose.

Biotechnology involves applying life sciences to traditional manufacturing and chemical synthesis. The industrial biotechnology industry plays a crucial role in addressing climate change and empowering economic development. It is the key to producing clean, renewable alternatives to petroleum-based fuels and other products, and can greatly reduce the energy consumption and GHG emissions from a wide range of industrial processes by enhancing efficiency, reducing waste and capturing and capturing and converting carbon dioxide.

It follows that “biotechnology can significantly contribute to climate change mitigation and adaptation”. Yet biotechnology is hardly ever referred as a ‘clear technology’.

All areas of human life, including infectious diseases, are impacted by global warming. The complicated relationship between the human host population and the causative infectious pathogen determines the effects of global warming. Changes in the environment may cause human migration, which in turn may cause disease patterns to vary. Crop failures and famine may reduce the host’s ability to fight infections. The paucity and contamination of potable water sources may facilitate disease transmission. Significant economic and political stressors, on the other hand, may wreak havoc on the existing public health infrastructure, leaving humanity unprepared for unexpected epidemics. The abundance and distribution of disease vectors will undoubtedly be affected by global warming.

Also Read: Biotechnology Solutions For Everyday Life

Many vector-borne diseases, such as malaria, dengue fever, plague, and viruses that cause encephalitic syndromes, are likely to be affected. Infectious illness epidemiology will undoubtedly shift as a result of global warming.

With these present issues looming, one would ask how we will be able to address them.

How Biotechnology is reducing the effects of Global Warming?

Biotechnology is one of the solutions to global warming and the effort to mitigate its impacts. With the help of genetically modified crops, energy efficient farming, carbon sequestration, and reduced synthetic fertiliser use, biotechnology has made significant progress in the domains of green agriculture. Planting genetically modified crops is preferable than planting normal crops since they emit fewer greenhouse gases.

This reduction isn’t a negligible reduction. “In 2012, greenhouse gas emissions were reduced by “eliminating 27 billion kg of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, equivalent to removing 11.9 million cars from the road in a year.” These GMOs have proven to be resistant and easy to fertilise, and they are assisting in reducing the effects of global warming.

With the present COVID-19 pandemic at its peak, the use of plastic in the form of PPE kits and face masks has skyrocketed. This medically discarded plastic will take at least 20-50 million years to decompose, so we can image how harmful it will be if we do not properly dispose of the plastic trash, or we may witness another wave of covid or another covid strain in the future.

However, biotechnology has come up with the idea of bioplastics, which are polymers made from biomass sources, and if we can utilise bioplastic to make PPE kits and face masks, they will not only disintegrate quickly, but will also restrict the spread of the virus.

From genome mapping to genetic engineering, the variety of biotechnologies that have the potential to help treat infectious illnesses of poverty is vast, and it continues to grow with advances in scientific research.

Also Read: Importance of DNA Sequencing in Biotechnology

Biotechnologies and other biomedical advancements will almost certainly lead to the development of new and improved vaccinations, diagnostics, and treatments to combat disease. They can also aid in improving disease understanding, disease pathology, epidemiology, and vector control, hence limiting the impacts and transmission of infection.

Hey folks! 

As we all know that due to Covid-19, the entire world was forced to go into quarantine and lockdown, everything was stopped from businesses to big corporate companies, shopping malls to schools. Life came to a halt to save human lives. Communication and technical improvements have made it possible for us to work, learn, and enjoy the safety of our homes, and they are now an integral part of our everyday lives. Online education has grown in popularity among working professionals and students pursuing higher education in this period of the “new normal.” The impact of online education has grown as a result of the variety of courses available and the ease with which students can access them.

Online Learning vs Classroom Learning 

While many professors and students appreciate online education, some are still uncomfortable with it and prefer traditional classroom learning. Online courses demand more drive and self-discipline than traditional classroom courses. Students sometimes complain about finding it difficult to concentrate and learn in online classes due to potential network troubles, excessive background noise, and a lack of a conducive learning environment in their homes.

However, there are many advantages of online education. It offers a better visual experience by including animations that can be used interactively for optimal learning and communication. It provides students with better learning options that are right at their fingertips. Even a simple smartphone in the hands of students can help them learn.

Classroom learning, on the other hand, allows students to communicate with their peers face to face, which can help students establish a stable environment for social interactions and even teach them the value of communication skills. 

Let’s talk about the impact of online education

Even if they are beneficial, the negative impact of online classes on students are seen. Aside from children being unable to study effectively, teachers are finding it difficult to adjust to technology, which frequently results in disruptions in teaching and learning. While online schooling is convenient, it also exposes children to screens and radiation for extended periods of time, which can lead to obesity, sleep disorders, chronic neck and back problems, anxiety, and worse test results.

Also Read: Advantages of Biotechnology in Healthcare

According to recent studies, excessive screen time can harm the brain’s “white matter” in kids of younger ages. Online education also necessitates the purchase of a proper internet connection, which is not cheap, and many students are forced to purchase laptops or new smart phones from their parents as a result of online learning and online classes, which some parents may be unable to afford, resulting in the child’s learning coming to a halt. Online education has also led to the neglect of students’ mental health, which has now gone unchecked for over a year, and professors may have no idea what their students are going through. 

Key Takeaways?

While online learning is a valuable tool, it has also led to students disrespecting their lecturers. Many incidents have been documented around the world in which students attack their professors, upset them, and even disrupt others’ studying.

In these critical times, internet learning is one of humanity’s greatest achievements, but if left unchecked and improperly utilised, it might lead to a disastrous future!

Author : Divyam Dave

Today’s youth population is larger than ever, with 1.8 billion people under the age of 25 which 90 percent of whom live in less developing nations. The National Policy Plan is the United Nations’ road map for assisting countries in economic growth, social well-being, and environmental sustainability (2030 Agenda). Each one of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) represents a great opportunity to improve humanity’s health and quality of life. Their long-term effectiveness, however, is dependent on efforts to raise youth awareness and knowledge of environmental well-being.

In essence, young people are the foundations and driving forces behind the success of the SDGs. The 2030 Agenda emphasizes young people’s inherent ability to drive change, and youth are involved in more than one-third of the SDGs’ benchmarks, either explicitly or implicitly.

The emergence of coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) and the rapid spread of the COVID-19 pandemic by the end of 2019 have caused major health concerns for the global population. As a result, in a relatively short amount of time, health worries have converted into worldwide economic and societal problems, generating an unprecedented climate of uncertainty.

Also Read: SELF-RELIANT INDIA IN 21ST CENTURY

Entrepreneurship and innovation are crucial in this circumstance because they have the ability to dramatically lessen the COVID-19 outbreak’s harmful impacts. Entrepreneurship is widely recognized as a long-term socioeconomic development engine, with the potential to improve citizens’ well-being by raising nations’ and regions’ wealth and worth. As a result, in order to overcome the crisis and turn flaws into long-term competitive advantages, entrepreneur expertise and resources, as well as individual skill, must be part of the solution.

Entrepreneurship is an important component of any economic system’s ability to sustain economic growth. It appears to be a requirement for long-term development, and it could be viewed as strategic equipment for ensuring an equitable and non-discriminatory society. Through startups, it enables citizens to create a self-domain of economic activity. In the second decade of the twenty-first century, this strategic evolution in entrepreneurial trends is thought to be a response to the requirement for sustainability and rapid expansion among the doldrums of global business and an unpredictable economy. Because it has the potential to bring about necessary changes to current products, processes, and behavioural patterns, sustainable entrepreneurship has received special attention in the face of the challenges of reducing the negative environmental and societal impacts caused by current unsustainable business tactics.

Sustainopreneurship (environmentally sustainable innovation and entrepreneurship) is said to have evolved from earlier concepts like ecopreneurship and social entrepreneurship. The notion comprises addressing sustainability challenges through novel collaborations in order to make environmental and social sustainability a critical vision and goal, while simultaneously adhering to the constraints imposed in order to maintain life support systems operating.

To put it another way, it may be a “business with a purpose” that uses sustainable solutions to translate global challenges into economic opportunity. Sustainable entrepreneurship offers a unique viewpoint on the development of economic, social, and ecosystem values, with a focus on future generations’ well-being.

Without a doubt, the potential advantage of Sustainopreneurship is enormous, in many ways: by preventing the occurrence of expensive, wasteful, and environmentally inexcusable technologies, by assisting businesses in optimizing capacity, input use, including human capital, and by providing optimal customer service – all while avoiding the use of wasteful and non-recyclable packaging. All of this equates to significant energy, material, and labour savings, with an estimated total worth of 30-40 percent of world GDP in the next 10-15 years.

Also Read: TOP 10 BIOTECHNOLOGY START-UPS IN INDIA

The Indian government’s ‘Digital India’ and ‘Start-up India’ programmes have resulted in significant improvements in the sphere of entrepreneurship since 2015, owing to the sheer deployment of professional e-commerce administration. According to Bank of America Merrill Lynch, India’s e-commerce business will be valued $220 billion in gross merchandise volume by 2025. The Sustainopreneurship concept can lead to a paradigm shift in e-entrepreneurship, resulting in long-term business process sustainability and addressing societal challenges such as unemployment, poverty, social exclusion, environmental degradation, economic development, and triple bottom line. As a result, efforts must be made to disseminate a wealth of literature on sustainable business, a full understanding of the problem environment, and a conceptual model tailored to entrepreneurship.

The dynamism in the millennial business environment has pushed concentrated emphasis on the relationship between entrepreneurship and sustainable development due to the originality of the issues for the continued sustainability of company, economics, and society. Sustainopreneurship has recently piqued the curiosity of a number of scientific disciplines. Sustainopreneurship can offer a strategic perspective on the extension and sustainability of e-continued entrepreneurship, which has had a significant impact on economic development, industrial progress, and society’s long-term development.

Having the kind of meal we’re devouring nowadays would not be viable without biotechnology, biotechnology has over shadowed the maximum boundaries of our everyday existence and it is no marvel that those technological trends have observed their manner into our meals to form the future of food. Biotechnology in food is not some thing new it is promisingly been applied in regions like preservation, fermentation, brewing, distillation by Egyptians and Chinese community from 2nd millennium itself. About 5 years ago, multiple smaller groups sprouted and debuted biotech-derived foods for interested client’s and food-service markets however through the years attitude towards biotech food have gradually become more favourable as human beings recognize the environmental, economic, and dietary blessings they are going to impart, and acknowledged the safety of those food products with regard to human health and thus the environment.

Today genetically engineered microorganisms for the assembly of vitamins, organic acids, amino acids, sweeteners ,fit to be eaten oils and dietary supplements are frequently developed from the insertion of a useful gene into microorganisms and is going to play an vital function for the manufacturing of functional foods. Functional foods additionally stated as Nutraceuticals have become to be got here as preventive drugs and may assist additional fitness associated.

It is viable to bolster the impact of present probiotic lines and make absolutely new probiotics with a couple of fitness blessings as an example , it is broadly believed that omega-three fatty acids are useful in opposition to cardiovascular diseases. Biotech’s growing wave of excessive-tech meals, together with the use of gene enhancing strategies like CRISPR–Cas9 or transcription activator–like effector nuclease (TALEN), it has already produced some of promising merchandise like Flavr Savr Tomato, Golden rice, Evolva, anti browning white button mushroom and plenty of others.

Today, Okanagan Specialty Fruits grows apples that don’t brown after they’re sliced and Simplot sells potatoes that don’t bruise easily during storage, and produce less acrylamide- a compound recognized as a likely carcinogen—whilst cooking. On April 1, 2019 the fast-food chain Burger King brought to its menu a plant-based burger made by Impossible Foods that tastes uncannily like meat, due to bioengineered yeast. Perfect Day, a California-based start-up, is functioning with natural microbes to provide dairy-free milk in preference to farm animals farming, one of the main reasserts of greenhouse emission.

Afineur is functioning with one of the major derivative from the food industry, which debts for billions of lots of waste per annum , to craft a nutritious and flexible vegan protein. Beyond Meat is making plant-based products using pea protein, beets and other vegetables to form meat options whose appearance and flavour is like animal protein with out the cholesterol. Silicon Valley biotech start-up Memphis Meats is garnering headlines for culturing animal stem cells to develop actual meat without the animals. Each of these innovations offer purchasers flavourful quality nutrition reciprocally for a miles higher ecological footprint. Agriculture is one of the primary sector of India that at once or not directly influences all of us. Total food grain manufacturing is 291.95 million tonnes for 2019-20 however it’s going to growth.

Biotechnology – A new era is beginning. In the 21st century, one of the greatest challenges is feeding the world. Without biotechnology and the use of scientific advancements, it will not be possible to overcome this challenge. Biotechnology influences the healthcare industry in different ways. Trends in biotechnology change the features of the medical field.

Be it the production of genetically improved treatment for diseases, enhancement of immunity against diseases, biotechnology has become a significant part of the medical world and has proved to be a boon for the medical science in numerous ways. The helpfulness of microorganisms has proved to be a boon in the agricultural, pharmaceutical and food processing industries.

With time, the requirement of highly qualified and significantly skilled biotechnology researchers has increased as the global economy is reaching new heights. It has not only helped to modify the agricultural crops for increasing their nutritional aspects but has also increased their yields. So even for the farmers the field of biotechnology has proved to be a boon. In order to decrease the utilization of insecticides, the use of genetically modified insecticidal plants has shown significant beneficial effects. With the decrease in the use of insecticides, their harmful effects on the crops will also decrease.

Biotechnology holds a significant value in the treatment of numerous diseases. The techniques of biotechnology are involved from growing the antibiotic producing microbes in fermentation broth to finally obtaining a pure antibiotic product in pharmaceutical industries. Furthermore, with the use of modern biotechnology, there can be an enhancement in the advanced treatment methods for numerous diseases. Biotechnology plays an important role in the healthcare system. Biotechnology is used significantly in the production of various medicines and vaccines for the treatment of different diseases. This field is also involved in various other medical processes which have significant roles in the healthcare system. Some of the most important sectors of biotechnology in the field of healthcare are described below:

Biopharmaceutical

 A field in which biotechnology is used for the making of drugs for medical purposes. The formulation and composition of these drugs is usually done with the life forms that are taken from the different microorganisms. Since the efficiency and usefulness of these drugs is much more as compared to the existing ones, thereby these drugs have replaced the existing drugs. Also, in bio-pharmaceutical drugs no synthetic products or chemicals are used. Only microorganisms are used for making these drugs. They work in such a way that they specifically target the hidden mechanism of a disease and enhance the immune system of the body with no side effects. Now, scientists are workings on the cure for cancer, hepatitis and other diseases like heart- related problems with the help of biopharmaceutical products.

Pharmaco-Genomics

A field that is the combination of two different fields, i.e., genomics and pharmaceuticals. This field helps in studying the genetic information of an individual which further helps in understanding the response of the body to the given drugs. The main aim of this field is the generation of such drugs which are specific for an individual in accordance to his/her genetic make-up. With this process, the chances of curing any disease increases thereby decrease the processing time of the drugs which is of significant help for humans.

Gene Therapy 

A technique of biotechnology that is utilized for the diagnosis of diseases such as Parkinson’s, Cancer, etc. The instrument utilized in this field helps in replacing or curing the infected of unhealthy genes of the individuals.

Genetic Testing/Screening

A process of biotechnology which is utilized for finding out the hereditary diseases of an individual, i.e., a disease which an individual acquires from the genes of their ancestors or parents. In addition, this process is also used significantly in the legal proceedings such as finding out the parents of an individual or testifying a criminal, etc.

With all the above points, one can definitely say that Biotechnology has a bright future and with this highly qualified medical biotechnologists will be needed to secure the healthy future of mankind as well as nature.

Author: Suhela Agarwal

College: Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology

Course: M.Sc. Biotechnology Semester IV

Sustainable improvement is a assignment all of us should take. Environmental sustainability is one of the giant problems confronted by the humanity. Expeditious industrialization has placed a constraint on the resources. Establishing a conservationist surroundings is indispensable. For twenty first century the heroes may be who introduce extra sustainability. It is the obligation of each man or woman and must be a manner of life. It is not always an easily described concept, neither is there any predefined manner of reaching it. The only technique of maintaining the surroundings is such that returns all the additives in a recyclable manner to preserve the equilibrium.

Ground-breaking biotechnology research is providing construction blocks to offer answer for resurrecting the ecosystem. Biotechnology industry is running on renovating contemporary substances and techniques with extra sustainable and biological alternatives. There is a plethora of places where biotechnology could make a great difference. Biotechnology has uniquely placed itself over the pinnacle of complex region to make an impact. The most important motto of sustainability is people, planet and profit and biotechnology is successfully running on this integration to make changes.

The grasp plan is to locating techniques that use recyclable compounds and substances that can successfully lessen waste accumulation and as we all of us are properly privy about the plastic pollution, new technologies have been working to produce 100% recyclable plastic from agricultural and forest waste and in turn killing two birds with a single stone i.e. solving the problem of sustainability and well as waste. Biotech is supplying modern answers to produce fuel from sources like sawdust, rice hulls, almond hulls, and municipal waste to play a small role in our low carbon future. Some companies are exploiting the natural ability of microorganisms to break waste and produce fuel. 

In many cases these microorganisms or their products are integrated into the substrates which give us the products, desired within the industries, samples of these are bioleaching (biomining), bio detergent, biotreatment of pulp, bio treatment of wastes (bioremediation), bio filtration, aquaculture treatments, biotreatment of textiles, biocatalysts, biomass fuel production, bio monitoring, and so forth. In an environmental context, biotechnology has its greatest contribution to form in agriculture — especially by improving crop-yields. 

It offers opportunities to style crops for specific environments and to form crops more efficient producers of food-energy than otherwise. Not only this biotechnology is also revolutionising the construction industry, the production of many construction materials requires toxic chemicals, energy and water and emits large amount of carbon but now companies are focusing on using biodegradable materials such as cocoa husks, dried orange peels, and ground blue pea flowers to create sustainable construction materials. In London, a start-up called Biohm is looking into using mushrooms to produce construction materials from organic waste. In the Netherlands, the corporate Green Basilisk seeks to extend the lifespan of concrete by embedding it with bacteria that repair the fabric when it suffers damage. US-based Biomason uses similar microbes to make cement tiles with a low-carbon footprint.

Along with this the biotechnology industries are transforming manufacturing processes to provide green technology tools for sustainable development to safeguard our natural resources. These are tools (biotechnological tools), which could solve the matter of pollution and help sustain the environment.

Author: Akshita Sharma

College: Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology

Course: M.Sc Biotechnology sem 4

Building a self-reliant India is an imperative step towards building a robust economy, resilient infrastructure and a bright future where we are always ready to face any challenges as a society & a nation. One of the important aspects of becoming Self – reliant is developing a strong public healthcare care system with ample resources for diagnosing, containing and treating diseases and keeping the large population healthy and disease – free. This has become particularly evident in the present-day scenario of the Covid -19 pandemic

Biotechnology as a field of science plays an important role in providing tools to the nation for dealing with and defeating this pandemic. Be it indigenous vaccines, PPE kits, disease diagnosis, drug development, masks, ventilators, thermal scanners etc. India showcased it’s capability in the development of the covid vaccine for itself and the world. This was a 62 Billion $ sector in 2012 and is expected to grow up to a 150 Billion $ by 2025. Thus, Atmanirbhar Bharat or Self – reliant India is a guideline for India to become self – sufficient and hold an important place in the world’s economy.

5 pillars of Self – Reliance Vision and the contribution of Biotechnology in each of these areas:

  1. ECONOMY
  2. INFRASTRUCTURE
  3. TECHNOLOGY-DRIVEN SYSTEM
  4. DEMOGRAPHY
  5. DEMAND

ECONOMY 

The first pillar of a self- sufficiency in India is the ECONOMY. The quantum change brought about by innovation and research in the field of Biotechnology contributes towards improving lives of people by creating products and solutions which directly or indirectly contribute to economic growth. During the pandemic situation such innovations helped in designing diagnostic tools, making vaccines and testing existing and new drugs for the treatment of masses. The in – house capabilities worked as a confidence booster for the economy and general public.

INFRASTRUCTURE

The infrastructure of our nation is the identity of modern India. May it be agriculture, pharmaceuticals, food processing, herbal products or any other industry, biotechnology is playing an important role in making it possible to build an improved infrastructure.

TECHNOLOGY-DRIVEN SYSTEM

We all should build a system which fulfils the dream of our citizens in this 21st century. The biotechnologist makes the system technology based and the innovations done by us are already fulfilling the needs of the population. We should create a kind of system which fulfils the needs of each and every person.

DEMOGRAPHY

On the path of self-reliant India, our strength is our vibrant demography. To support our citizens the biotechnology field is serving as a hope to life, to achieve the goal of healthy and wealthy life.

DEMAND

There should be ample supply and resources to fulfil the demand arising from requirements of the economy and market forces. Large production capabilities and a quick and efficient distribution system keeps the economy functioning well.  The biotechnology sector is working hard to scale – up its operations to provide ample support to the country and its economy.

Another motto included in the vision of Self – reliance was “IPPP” which stands for –

I – INNOVATION

P – PATENTED

P – PRODUCE

P – PROSPER

This is a message for biotechnologists and the scientific community to inspire them to work towards ‘innovation’ and ‘patent’ this knowledge so that we can ‘produce’ unique goods and services to cater to the needs of our countrymen and economy and lead the path towards prosperity.

BIOTECHNOLOGY – A DRIVER OF INNOVATION

In the field of agriculture, biotechnology helps increase crop production and develops better varieties of plants which not only fulfil the demand for food but also helps farmers recover losses. Biotechnology tools can help farmers by producing food grains with better nutrition, texture and flavour. The genetically modified crops are less prone to infections.

Medical biotechnology helps in production of desirable drugs to cure diseases. It also helps in correct diagnosis of ailments. One of the most useful products created in this field was the Recombinant Insulin. In the current pandemic situation, the biotechnologists are working tirelessly to produce vaccines, PPE kits, PCR based diagnostics tools, sanitization related products and machinery and so on.

To sum up, biotechnology is at the fore –front in the war against the Covid – 19 pandemic and is continuously providing tools for a self – reliant and self –sufficient India. Never before has there been a better time for the youth of the country to take up an exceptional career in this vast and fast –growing field and make meaningful contributions to their nation and humanity.

Submitted by                                                                                                      Co – Author

Name: Rishita Parihar                                                                                      Name:  Shubhra Mehrish 

Course: M.Sc. Biotechnology Semester One                                              Course: B.Sc. Biotechnology Part 2 

College: Dr. B. Lal institute of Biotechnology                                           College  Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology

Beginning from December’19, the world has heard enough about Coronavirus and suffered  its manifestations one after the other and the havoc does not seem to stop even now. Ever  since the rise of COVID-19 cases all over the world, the healthcare sector has been striving  very hard to stop the spread of virus along with devising new tools and techniques to  counteract the grave consequences. Major agendas have been shifted completely giving all  the attention to this deadly virus. Lead by healthcare workers, task forces, government  workers and social workers are putting their efforts day and night to conquer this situation.  

In the initial phase of this pandemic, when people started to develop certain symptoms and  those symptoms were becoming severe over the course of time, it was contemplated that  this new disease is caused by a microorganism, is contagious and spreads at a very fast  pace. Given the advanced level of medical diagnostics which has been possible because of all  the research and development in the field of biotechnology, scientists very quickly  concluded the structure and physiology of this virus. This uncovering of facts and figures  helped in diagnosis of virus, opened possibilities for treatment and prevention of spread. 

Starting with the majorly reliable diagnostic tool; RT-PCR, to all the advanced medical  equipment, medicines, life-saving drugs and obviously the most talked about vaccines, all  rely on the basics of biotechnology. Biotechnology has enabled us to look into deep causes of  problems at a microscopic level and solve them accordingly. The small a sound procedures  and techniques have helped us to understand functioning of cells, organs and human body  as a whole to an extent that we now have access to literally even the smallest corners of  cells and we can modify their functioning even at genetic level. This level of understanding  of organisms is not only helpful but also enables us to literally change the way they function. 

Because of the understanding of anatomy and physiology along with the recombinant  biotechnology, scientists all over the world are able to produce organisms as per their  choice of characters and functions. Highly reliable and accurate biotechnological tools are  now being used to deduce the structure and function of organisms at a very fast speed and  the advancements are being continuously made to further increase the efficacy. So, it won’t  be wrong to enunciate that biotechnology is the solution to new-age problems in the healthcare  sector and continues to lead the world to a medically-efficient and safe future. 

Apart from the treatment aspect which obviously articulates a lot about the role of  biotechnology in this pandemic, this fascinating and promising branch of biology has  definitely aided in the prevention of viruses to a great extent. India is a densely populated country,  which makes the management at the time of crisis; a herculean task. The immense crowd,  poor hygiene practices, lack of awareness, illiteracy etc. make it fiendish to implement  general protocols that are vital to prevention. Biotechnology through its very basic  principles and methodologies have enabled everyone to have access to basic necessities during this pandemic. 

Sanitization being necessary, was procured by use of chemicals and  medicinal extracts, keeping in mind the cost and sustainability. Various biotechnologists, in  spite of being at moderate level were able to innovate affordable medical commodities for  example: PPE kits, ventilators, masks and shields which undeniably have helped in coping  with the atrocious problem of contagious spread of virus among communities. Biotechnology  continues to lead in this grave situation with numerous innovations that are made with each  passing day and are enabling people to have more chances of survival. 

It is speculated that Coronavirus can dwell around us for a longer period of time and will  keep affecting the lives of people but biotechnology with its promising and sustainable  solutions is here to stay and fight this pandemic efficiently. Every little effort made by  common people combined with efforts of biotechnologists all over the world is proving to  help and let the world flourish even during these baffling times. Biotechnology at its root  aims to provide affordable and sustainable solutions pertaining to the medical and healthcare  sector and discoveries and innovations will definitely lead the world out of this pandemic  and allow everyone to breathe in a COVID free environment.

Author: Vaishali

College: Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology

Course: M.Sc. Biotechnology Semester-III

As we all know that Biotechnology is a technology that always brings new solutions, techniques, and useful products by using living organisms and biological systems, in our lives to make it easy going. Modern civilization is hard to imagine without Biotechnology. We have been using biotechnology in everyday life since the ancient period:-in making food, such as bread and cheese, preserving dairy products, and for fermenting beer. Biotechnology is an essential part of our everyday life even though we don’t realise it. There are many ways in which biotechnology can improve our everyday life.

Biotechnology could help to address many problems such as climate change, infectious diseases, food security, energy shortage, to name a few. Day by day where the population is increasing and natural resources are decreasing, biotechnologists developed solutions by increasing agriculture productivity [Genetically modified crops] and alternative sources.

Biotechnology has been providing services in health care & medicines since 1960. Worldwide millions of people are taking advantage of drugs and vaccines produced by biotechnology. Biotechnology is responsible for hundreds of medical diagnosis tests. If we look into today’s situation of COVID-19 where the whole world is suffering from this pandemic, biotechnology is playing a key role by the RT-PCR test, & by working on viral mechanisms biotechnologists got success in the vaccine production. COVID vaccines are also a precious gift to humankind & without biotechnology, it wasn’t possible.

There must be someone around you who is suffering from diabetes. Before 1972 [first recombinant insulin was discovered], insulin used to be produced from the pancreas of the pig that was allergic to some insulin dependent diabetics. Now genetically engineered bacteria produce insulin without animals and that is saving millions of people’s lives today. Industrial biotechnology uses enzymes & microorganisms to make bio-based products in the sectors such as chemicals, food technology, detergents, paper, textiles, and biofuels. Cosmetics have become an important part of our life. Biotechnology is used to produce, discover, and develop components by cosmetic companies.

Food is one of the basic living needs and biotechnology plays a huge role in the food industry including agriculture, fermentation & preservation. Biotechnology has brought remarkable changes in the field of food development by better crops. But what is meant by “better”? Through the selection of traits like drought resistance, pest resistance, herbicide resistance, longer storage life & nutrient value, biotechnology is developing better crops. Transgenic crops are herbicide-tolerant e.g. soybean, corn, and cotton & BT crops are insect resistant e.g. cotton and corn. Have you heard about “Golden Rice”? It is also a biotechnology product that is rich in vitamin A. It is beneficial for the millions of people in countries that are suffering from vitamin A deficiency disease.

Do you know about fermented foods? Fermentation is one of the ancient techniques of biotechnology. Fermentation is an anaerobic process in which microorganisms like yeast and bacteria participate in the breakdown of the food components like glucose into organic acids, gases, or alcohol. Fermented foods have unique & desirable teste, texture quality, fragrance, and appearance. 

It increases the quality & nutritional value of that particular food. There are so many examples of  fermented foods like yogurt, cheese, bread dough, sour cream, Kimchi [fermented cabbage recipe], Pickle, beverages like wine, beer, cider, etc that we use in our everyday life. There are various products we obtained due to the process of  biotechnology which we utilize in our everyday life. Biotechnology has the biggest impact on our life. Have a look around you, you will realise that you are surrounded by many products that are gifts for us by biotechnology. We should say thanks and appreciate biotechnology for making our life easy.

Author – Nainakshi Singoria

College: Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology

Course: M.Sc. Microbiology Semester I