At first look, there does not appear to be any difference between the two; nonetheless, I believe that a distinction ought to be made in accordance with the approach that is taken in dealing with microorganisms. First, we will define each phrase individually, and then we will explain how they are distinct from one another.

What exactly is meant by the term “microbiology”?

Because it is a tool to observe objects that are too tiny to be seen with the naked eye, the microscope is responsible for the study and examination of bodies that are not evident through the microscope. The simplest type of microscope is an optical microscope because it has two or more lenses in order to have an enlarged image of the object. The microbiology discipline is responsible for this study and examination.

What is a microbe? 

The term “microbe” refers to minuscule living things that are made up of a single-celled cell and are also composed of various shapes and sizes due to the fact that they are connected by very small units that are formed by cells that are very similar to one another. For example, eukaryotes are those core cells that are contained within a double-layer lipid bilayer in which there are thin membranes formed by two layers of lipid molecules, and prokaryotes are those cells that do not. They conform to a particular structure, such as the nucleus, the mitochondria, and the chloroplasts.

What exactly is meant by the term “biotechnology”?

Biotechnology is based on the collection and use of components of metabolism that are based on certain microorganisms. The man makes use of his technology to create environments that are more conducive to life, investigates the fields of possibility for well-being, and while doing so, he comes into contact with the capabilities and abilities that mother nature possesses. As a result, he takes advantage of and eliminates your greatest potential for the purpose of maximizing your well-being.

Control mechanism

However, this exploitation has resulted in an undesirable influence on the land, which is why biotechnology, in addition to being a tool for production, is also a control mechanism that aims to protect the natural (forest and wildlife) life of the earth. It is possible to assert that biotechnology is not a science in and of itself; rather, it is a collection of various scientific hypotheses and fields of study that advocate for the development of a system that promotes the renewal and preservation of natural systems while also allowing for the ongoing exploitation of renewable and non-renewable resources.

Environmental protection 

The development of bags, containers, and containers made out of biodegradable materials is a significant step forward in the fight to preserve the world. Biotechnology has been a useful instrument for environmental protection efforts such as global recycling. The medical industry also benefits significantly from the contributions made by biotechnology, particularly in the areas of immunization and vaccination, and many of the steps in this process are performed with this sector’s advancement of medical care in mind.


The primary distinction that can be made between microbiology and biotechnology

The difference lies in the fact that biotechnology studies and encompasses other branches of science in addition to microbiology, whereas microbiology does not study biotechnology.

In order to manufacture some product or benefit, biotechnology also employs the knowledge and techniques of other sciences, such as genetic engineering, in order to do so. Examples of such products and benefits include medicine, food, enzymes, detergents, plant improvement, and metal bioleaching.


The main distinction between microbiology and biotechnology has been discussed in the article. Learn more about these topics by enrolling in Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology courses. It is widely regarded as one of the most prominent educational institutions of its kind; it focuses a strong emphasis not only on the academic growth of its students but also on their personal growth.

So, you are in search of a private institute to fulfill the criteria of your respective career needs? We understand that. That is probably the reason you are on this site. Don’t worry, since you have stumbled upon the right blog and we will let you be aware of the details you might be looking forward to knowing of. 

Here, at the B.Lal Institute of Biotechnology, certain specific UG and PG courses are proffered based on the core subjects of Biotechnology and Microbiology to those aspiring to build their career in the field. For those yearning to put up with Microbiology, our institute is reliable and worthy to be given a chance. 

However, to make you understand why and how we have underlined a few features of our institute that you would believe can aid you in your entire UG or PG period.

  • Quality Education.

Students who are looking to pursue Microbiology as their core ground whether UG or PG can satisfyingly register at our Institute of BIBT. That is because the education we provide relevant to microbiology is conceptualized qualitatively. The foundation of the concepts is focused upon initially, with an approach to a fruitful teaching environment. Then the student learns to base those concepts on the knowledge provided and attempt it to perfect in laboratory skills. The team at BIBT guides the students in the direction of exposure to the best practices of research and industry. 

  • Holistic Development.

When we talk about the development practices in the subject of Microbiology, BIBT will not fail you. The faculty at our institute is generalized to focus on throwing light on the importance of leadership skills, gross interpersonal skills, and organizational behavior. We combine these efforts with the ethical principles and values that a student must build their grounds on. 

  • Adept Faculty. 

The Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology is powered by a faculty of over 50 active, skilled professors and researchers. A diverse group of competent faculty members who serve our learners as well as our research efforts. 

  • Career Development.

The Career Development Cell (CDC) of the Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology works closely with learners and staff to arrange appropriate qualifications, educate them for their academic careers, and empower them to make educated career decisions. It primarily emphasizes career counseling, industry connection, mentorship for research programs, and entrepreneurship guidance. 

  • Research Foundation.

Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology has well-structured coordination between education and training organizations around the country, which is the foundation of economic and sustainable development.

At B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology, the environment is cooperative and suitable for every kind of personality type of the students. The research component of BIBT is quite substantial. Faculty members are highly approachable, as you may ask for help at any moment from any of them, and they would gladly assist you. Extracurricular activities at BIBT make students tougher, wiser, and more courageous in an environment that is clean, cool, and familiar.

In-demand abilities for microbiologists

  • Patience is a vital virtue.
  • Focus on the finer points
  • Decisiveness
  • Independence
  • Very good computer skills
  • Analytical and numerical abilities
  • The ability to work as a team
  • The ability to communicate

Qualifications and experience are expected of applicants.

A bachelor’s degree in a field such as biology, applied biology, microbial science, microbiology, or a related field such as biological or biomedical science is required in order to pursue a career as a microbiologist.

Some employers may demand an appropriate postgraduate qualification. An integrated master’s degree, such as an MBiolSci, an MBiol, or an MSc, is something that can be pursued by students. 

These are intended to prepare students for more postgraduate study, such as a doctoral degree, and are an excellent choice for individuals who are interested in pursuing a career in research. 

Following the completion of your degree, you will be required to participate in the scientific training programme, also known as the STP. The submission of applications for the STP will normally begin in the month of January.

Scotland has its own unique training programmes, each of which requires participants to complete either a three-year STP or a similar programme.

After successfully completing the STP, you will be eligible to submit an application to the Academy of Healthcare Science for a certificate of accomplishment. The Health and Care Professions Council will be able to process your application for registration as a result of this (HCPC).

In order to work as a clinical scientist in the UK, one needs to be registered with the Health and Care Professions Council (HCPC). 

You will be automatically eligible to apply for registration if you have graduated from a course that has been approved by the HCPC; however, you will be required to pay a fee for the HCPC to process your application in addition to a registration fee; however, the registration fee will be reduced by fifty percent if you graduated from an approved course within the past two years.

Experience conducting research and working in a laboratory, whether paid or unpaid, is beneficial. There are certain pharmaceutical businesses that provide paid internship opportunities throughout the summer, and the Association of the British Pharmaceutical Industry (ABPI) lists many of these companies (ABPI). 

Both the Microbiology Society and the Society for Applied Microbiology provide a selection of awards to undergraduate and graduate students who are interested in gaining some practical experience in the field of microbiology.


This position requires a bachelor’s degree in biology or a related field, such as applied biology, microbial science, or microbiology. Students can pursue an integrated master’s degree, such as MBiolSci, MBiol, or MSc. 

In most years, the STP application process begins in January. In order to work as a clinical scientist in the UK, you must be registered with the Health and Care Professions Council (HCPC). Some pharmaceutical companies offer summer internships that are paid. Students interested in gaining hands-on experience in the microbiology field can apply for awards from the Microbiology Society and the Society for Applied Microbiology.

In the world we live in today, bacteria and viruses pose a threat to the very life of humans, and most of us are still baffled as to how minuscule organisms could possibly be capable of such a thing. 

The majority of us are content to merely speculate before moving on. Are you one of those people who has a genuine interest in learning about the myriad of different microorganisms that exist, such as bacteria, fungi, algae, and others, and the ways in which these organisms truly influence the surrounding environment? 

If this sounds like something that interests you, you will be pleased to learn that it is now possible to make a living doing it. You did indeed hear it correctly! This article will provide you with all of the information that you require concerning the possibility of making a living as a microbiologist.

In what ways does microbiology differ from other branches of science?

Microbiology studies microorganisms. If you’re wondering why microbiology needs its own field, look around you. Every year, a virus kills people. There’s the Coronavirus now, Ebola in 2015, and more to come. They play a critical role in understanding these viruses to protect our community from future outbreaks. Really?

Microbiologists help us comprehend hazardous and useful microbes. Other microbes aid in digestion and protect us from infections. How would you tell the difference without microbiologists? That’s why Microbiology has recently become one of the most sought-after careers.

Microbiology Careers

Microbiology is a large field with many job options. After earning a Microbiology degree, you’ll have many chances. Here is a list of careers in Microbiology to give you an idea:

  • Microbiologist

Microbiologists study microorganisms and their life processes. This highly sought-after Microbiology career path involves studying the biology of bacteria at the molecular and cellular levels. Agriculture, biotechnology, the environment, education, pharmaceuticals, and hospitals need you.

  • Immunologist

Immunologists treat allergies and immune system problems. An immunologist treats all immune-system illnesses. They research the immune system to protect it from dangerous microorganisms. They research the effects of tiny substances on the body to find a remedy.

  • Mycologist

Mycology studies fungi’s positive and negative effects on the human body. Some fungi cause illnesses, while others are employed to manufacture machinery. Mycologists spend effort delineating fungi.

  • Professor/Lecturer

Isn’t education the obvious choice? Because your lecturers taught you Microbiology. According to their expertise, they educate pupils in Microbiology-related disciplines. If you liked how your teachers taught and wanted to do the same or modify it, read this. This might be your calling. If you did Msc Microbiology then it is very helpful to get a high salary job as a lecturer.


Take a look at these career opportunities for those who are interested in learning about the myriad of different microorganisms that exist, such as bacteria, fungi, algae, and others. After earning a Microbiology degree, you’ll have many opportunities in the field. MSc Microbiology is one of the most sought-after careers in Microbiology. Mycology studies fungi’s positive and negative effects on the human body. An immunologist treats all immune-system illnesses to find a remedy.

Soft skills have always been rated on the first priority of an employer, be it any kind of industry. Soft skills generally focus on the interpersonal skills of an individual but these days employers are more focusing on the term “Cultural Skills” and they found a huge gap in the preparedness of the upcoming workforce.

Cultural Skills focus on working in a group or team setting, demonstrating leadership qualities and recognizing an individual’s role in the organization. Research shows that companies coming for recruitment specifically looking for this kind of soft skills in the new recruitments. Recruiters mention that they can find skillful candidates but they are looking for a “Cultural –Fit” – someone who can seamlessly transition into the company and work with fellow colleagues.

A Massachusetts-based nonprofit organization that supports science and biotechnology education, released its 2018 Job Trends Forecast for the Life Science Industry in Massachusetts, presented at the Life Science Workforce 2018 Conference, hosted at Northeastern University’s Interdisciplinary Science and Engineering Complex (ISEC). The report highlighted another year of growth in the biotechnology sector, predicting approximately 12,000 new biotech jobs by 2023. But, interestingly, the conference also highlighted a large gap in the preparedness of the workforce – a lack of “cultural training” among new applicants.  (Education, 2019).

Biotechnology jobs require a lot of hard skills just to get into a specific job. Whether it is scientific skills, research skills, technological skills – these skills are always a prerequisite. But apart from that, there are certain skills which are required essentially if someone is looking for some advancement.

Soft skills are such skills that cannot be taught rather they need to be learned gradually and these skills help to make all the difference down the road. Everyone knows this fact, yet ignores it and later realizes that it is true somewhere down in their career. Following are a few soft skills which an individual needs to focus on further advancements:

  • Find the edge of your comfort
  • Turn theory into practice, practice into performance
  • Review the tapes
  • Emotional intelligence
  • Collaboration
  • Diversity of thought
  • Complex problem solving
  • Time management
  • Communication

Soft skills are really the skills that deal with people. Don’t forget that it’s people that run industries.

The field of deciphering the letters of life, i.e. whole or complete genome sequencing not only paves the path for gene discovery and characterization (functional genomics) but also provides raw materials for analyzing the evolutionary history of an organism (molecular phylogeny). The genome sequence provides a bird’s eye view of the information needed for understanding the biology of organisms.  In 1974, two methods of DNA sequencing were independently developed. One team, lead by Maxam and Gilbert, used a “chemical cleavage protocol”, while the other, lead by Sanger, designed a procedure similar to the natural process of DNA replication. Even though both teams shared the 1980 Nobel Prize, Sanger’s method became the standard because of its relatively easier protocol. The first DNA sequence was obtained, of 12 base pair overhang of bacteriophage λ, using laborious methods based on 2-dimensional electrophoresis on cellulose acetate and DEAE cellulose paper. After this sequencing genomes has become easier as automated techniques have been developed from BAC shotgun sequencing to Next-generation sequencing (NGS) methods and technique.

All initial plant genome projects utilized the Sanger sequencing platform of dideoxy sequencing and either large insert clones such as bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) clones that were subjected to shotgun sequencing or by direct whole genome shotgun sequencing (WGS). Since 2007, methods for sequencing plant genomes have evolved rapidly. This is due entirely to advances in next-generation sequencing (NGS) platforms in terms of throughput, quality, and read lengths. Major sequencing platform include Sanger Chain (termination/dideoxy sequencing), 454 (Pyrosequencing), Illumina (Sequencing by synthesis with reversible terminators), SOLiDTM (Sequencing by ligation in color space), Pacific Biosciences (Real-time single-molecule sequencing), Ion Torrent (pH detection),10X genomics (microfluidics-based platform for generating linked reads) and  nanopore sequencing technologies. The ability to determine the physical organization and expression patterns of genes from many plant species will allow the best leveraging of available resources through comparative genome analysis. For instance, the availability of the Arabidopsis genome sequence has greatly enhanced our knowledge of the entire complement of genes expressed by a typical flowering plant helped in map-based cloning in tomato on the basis of chromosomal synteny between the two species and facilitated functional analysis of tomato genes. Thus, translating the strings of A, G, C and T into an understanding of the various genes that make up the genome, how different genes are related, and how the various parts of the genome are coordinated. and ultimately how the genome works is still an open question and has given rise the various subfields of genomics such as transcriptomics, proteomics, functional genomics, and bioinformatics.

With the increasing population, the problem of waste management is increasing. The waste produced is not only damaging the landscape but is seriously affecting human health. Transmission of diseases through microbes and pollution are common problems associated with the improper handling of waste.

Flies, mosquitoes breed over these sites and cause diseases like malaria, dengue, and feco-oral diseases. In order to combat the problem of waste, we have to start with the roots, the reduction in generation of waste through recycling, reusing the materials. The solid waste consists of unwanted and useless solid material generated from human activity in different sectors like residential, industrial, commercial, healthcare.

Depending on the source, solid waste can be categorized into industrial, biomedical and municipal solid waste. The industrial waste includes the toxic, hazardous waste which could be inflammable and cause a serious threat to the environment if left untreated.

Biomedical waste includes the waste generated from hospitals, clinics, dispensaries, veterinary hospitals, etc., which include human anatomical waste, animal waste, soiled waste of plasters, waste sharps, discarded medicines, toxic chemicals, etc. The waste generated from households, communities comes under municipal waste.

To solve the problem of waste in India, some measures have been taken by the Government, like the Swacch Bharat Abhiyan by Prime Minister, NarendraModi. Segregation of waste at source, door-to-door collection, transportation, pre-treatment of the infectious waste and final disposal are some of the major points to be focused on in the proper disposal of solid waste.

The segregation of waste into categories of biodegradable, non-biodegradable, hazardous, infectious at source by the person generating it can help reduce the number of persons coming in contact with the waste. The waste should be transported to incinerators, compost pits and landfills by covering the waste in different colored bags. The incinerators and landfills should be located far away from the residential areas as it can cause damage to the people living nearby.

The landfills should not be left uncovered, as it can cause flies, mosquitoes in the surrounding area which can be the cause of the spread of various diseases. It is also important that the landfills should not contain toxic and hazardous chemicals as they can enter the ground water table through seepage of rainwater.

The municipal waste can be disposed off in the communal pits which are located nearby, as it mostly consists of organic waste. Vermicomposting can also be an alternative method for the treatment of organic waste. It provides manure which can be used by farmers. Organic waste convertors, which are self-sustainable, are readily available in the market of various quantities which has numerous benefits like manure production, gas production which can be used for cooking purpose.

Stay tuned to our blog and website.

History is witness to the fact that since time immemorable, a huge importance has been attributed to the system of Guru shishya school of thought in our great nation. From noble kings to mere mortals, a Guru has paved the righteous and successful way for many a pupil. In continuation of the pious social and ethical practices of historic India, the glory of academics in Dr. B.Lal Institute of Biotechnology has increased tremendously with the advent of Guru Shishya Parampara (GSP) – a trend that highlights individual focus and attention given to each student by the faculty of the Institute. In this system, the GSP incharge holds together the sanctity and dedication of the student towards academics and cultural activity. The teacher makes sure that the personal problems of the students are overcome by counseling, attendance is regular, the student is understanding all subjects and feedback is taken from them.

This system creates a bond of respect tethering students and teachers and unlocks skills amidst students who bask in the aura of encouragement and support. Training is imparted to students in various colleges but GSP activity makes Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology incomparable. This institute has set the highest standards of teaching and student guidance. The teachers are constantly committed to the betterment of the students. The students get comfortable in sharing their problems with their teachers and guidance of the right kind is imparted to them.

In its illustrious journey of ten years, Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology has paved the way for countless students towards success and spiritual enrichment in life. The positive vibrations that resonate the institute, emanate. in part, from GSP. The construction of creative minds is a task to which every teacher of the institute is committed to. The guru shishya parampara has created a milestone in the development of students in all spheres of life.

The advent of biotechnology is prominent. Gone are the winds of insipid excitement and permanent are the forces of renovation that contain historic achievements. The use of microbes that have inhabited the earth for millions of years, for bioremedial techniques illustrates the fact that natural history paves a way for present development. Bioremediation of toxic metals from groundwater is an advantage that biotechnology has provided for human health. Arsenic is a toxic metal that can be removed from water by arsenic oxidizing bacteria. The bacteria are used for oxidation of Arsenite As(III) to As(V), that can be easily separated from the water. Many heterotrophic bacteria oxidize As(III)  to detoxify their immediate environment. On the contrary, some bacteria behave as agents that use As(III) as electron donors. Various molecular markers have been identified to recognize bacteria with potential arsenic oxidizing activity such as 16s rRNA, aioA, arsB and others. By oxidizing the more toxic Arsenic As (III) to less toxic As(V) and concomitantly gaining energy, such bacteria have an appreciable ecological advantage over their counterparts. The As oxidase gene has been characterized by bacteria. A study has confirmed that the As oxidase gene is a very ancient gene. In certain ways, Arra and As oxidase have been found to be similar.

Classical technologies are efficient in removal of  As(V) but not As(III). There are also cost intensive. Here Biotechnology counters the problem. Biocolumn reactors with immobilised bacterial cells have been used. A novel cost effective biocomposite- granules of cement coated with cysts of certain cyanobacteria has been studied The composite has been proven to remove 96% arsenic. Many such biocolumns or devices have been made that harness the ability of bacteria to remove As(III) and As(V). The efficiency of these has been very high. Thus techniques of biotechnology have been effectively used to clean drinking water from arsenic. Similar approaches have been taken for remediation of other toxic metals like cadmium, excessive Iron and others. Biotechnology is critically involved in the maintenance of human health.

Environmental Biotechnology is a dynamic branch of Biotechnology that deals with the improvement of the environment and microbes that remediate the problems of the environment.  This important branch of biotechnology harnesses the power of microbes to sequester toxic chemicals from contaminated sites. This field is a combination of biology and engineering.

In modern times, rapid industrial growth has led to drastic increase in pollution; Pollutants have been added to our environment in gigantic proportions by human activities. To ameliorate this problem, Environmental biotechnology is a potent tool. This field is known to include techniques like development of plants for filtration of pollutants in air, soil and water, synthesis of biofuel and optimization of sustainable process.

The benefits of environmental biotechnology have been observed in the production of biofuel from the Jatropha plant. Moreover, cotton waste has also been used to generate ethanol via fermentation. Such fuels are required very much for human activities as conventional fuels are limited in amount. Bioremediation is another critically important field that used recombinant microorganisms to clear contaminated land sites of toxic metals like cadmium, arsenic, etc. The use of earthworms for treatment of wastewater, called vermifiltration, has been effectively used.

In government organisations, jobs are aplenty for qualified personnel of Environmental Biotechnology. Their work is contributory in the Ministry of Environment and Forestry, town planning offices, sewage treatment plants, etc.  Thus a plethora of societal and economic applications of environmental biotechnology are to be made in the current time and in the future.

Listen to the expert Dr. Sonika Saxena, Vice Principal, Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology, Jaipur below!