Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary field that addresses biological problems using computational techniques and makes the rapid organization and analysis of biological data possible.
Bioinformatics may also be referred to as computational biology and can be defined as conceptualizing biology in terms of molecules and then applying informatics techniques to understand and organize the information associated with these molecules, on a large scale. Bioinformatics plays a key role in various areas, such as functional genomics, structural genomics and proteomics and forms a key component in the biotechnology and pharmaceutical sector.
Bioinformatics is an amalgam of computer science, information technology and the different subject of biology as well as for biotechnology. The interdisciplinary nature of bioinformatics leads to dynamic job opportunities in the various fields of academia as well as industries including pharmaceutical industries, life sciences, food industries, diagnostic sectors, agriculture, etc.
Bioinformatics is a fascinating subject having the input of engineering art as well as of science. Bioinformaticians are mostly engaged in designing new algorithms, software, developing updated databases that all help in solving many biological problems. The growth of the biotechnology industry in recent years is unprecedented and advancements in molecular modeling, disease characterization, pharmaceutical discovery, clinical healthcare, forensics, and agriculture fundamentally impact economic and social issues worldwide.
As a result, with people confidence and development of biotechnology, bioinformatics also reached new heights among all the biological sciences. The human genome sequence data is so huge that if compiled in books, the data would run into 200 volumes of 1000 pages each and reading alone would require 26 years working around the clock. This challenge of handling such huge data can only be possible because of bioinformatics.
Join Industrial Biotechnology Training Program in Bioinformatics (Session 2019-2020)
This is the Era of Biotechnology. Biotechnology is an Interdisciplinary Subject.
It is basically a combination of Biology + Technology. When we use living organisms with technology and produce that product which is useful to human beings and contributes to the welfare of the society, this branch of science is known as Biotechnology.
Now question arises, how to take admission in this course?
To take admission in this course a candidate requires to qualify class XII with Biology, Mathematics or Agriculture as a subject.
A candidate who is admitted to a degree course like B.Sc Biotechnology will get a chance to study around 25 subjects which makes the candidate specialized in Biotechnology, making it far better than general B.Sc pass course.
There are numerous job opportunities after completion of B.Sc Biotechnology. One can work as Technical Assistant in Food & Dairy, Medical, Pharma, Agriculture, Environment, Hospitals or Forensic Department. Possible salary structure is 20K to 60K.
Furthermore if a candidate wants to go for high grade jobs then one can opt for master’s degree in Biotechnology and its sub branches like M.Sc Biotechnology, Microbiology, Genetic Engineering, Forensic Science, Bioinformatics, Environmental Biotechnology, Plant Biotechnology, Animal Biotechnology, Agriculture Biotechnology, Computation Biotechnology etc.
Completion of master’s degree opens up the scope for the candidate to work as Research Assistant or Research Scientist in any government organization or private organization.
One can also go for lectureship if he /she qualifies the NET examination. On qualifying the NET-JRF exams, they are also eligible for CSIR-UGC fellowship once enrolled to Ph.D Program.
One can also go for PG Diploma in Clinical Research, Bioinfomatics and Environment Biotechnology or Environmental Sciences.
Another option available apart from master’s degree in biotechnology is, MBA in Hospital Management which opens up the scope for management positions after their MBA. One can also go for MBA in Biotechnology which later opens up to Management positions in Biotech industries.
Once a student is Post Graduate the doors to the industries open up in Research, pharma industries, Clinical Research, Medical and Marketing .
Even students can do diploma in IPR and can work as patent attorney, they can also go for Mass communication and can work in the field of scientific Journalism and Scientific Blogging.
Another emerging field of this era is Entrepreneurship which is also being attracting a lot of young bio technicians with innovation and ideas . As its well known that Biotechnology is directly related to societal welfare and through entrepreneurship you not only can work for your passion but also can contribute directly to the society.
In INDIA to enhance the scope of Biotechnology, Indian Government is planning to make India a Biotechnology Hub by 2020. Government has released several schemes and projects in Biotechnology sector, the only need is to catch hold of the opportunities.
The present demand of the Biotechnology Sector is good qualitative and skilled candidates with ample understanding of the field and zeal to work for quality outcomes. So if one is looking to make a career in Biotechnology for them sky is the limit.
Listen to the expert Dr. Sonika Saxena, Vice Principal, Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology, Jaipur below!
The environment is an important component necessary for the existence of both mankind and other biotic organisms. The degree of sustainability of the physical environment is an index of the survival and well-being of the entire components in it.
But, human’s activities in his environment involve a lot of chemical synthesis in the process of converting the natural products in his environment into other forms convenient for his utility. In the process of creating products, the man also creates problems either consciously or unconsciously vis-à-vis pollution. The most acceptable solution to the generated wastes in the environment is such that will conveniently integrate them back into the environment.
That method involves the use of microorganisms—usually yeasts, bacteria, or fungi as a whole cell usage production system or in the form of industrial enzymes. In many cases these microorganisms or their products are integrated into the substrates which give us the products, desired in the industries, examples of these are bioleaching (biomining), bio detergent, biotreatment of pulp, biotreatment of wastes (bioremediation), biofiltration, aquaculture treatments, biotreatment of textiles, biocatalysts, biomass fuel production, biomonitoring, and so forth. These are tools (biotechnological tools), which could solve the problem of pollution and help sustain the environment.
This is so because when the products or their constituents are discarded, they go back into the ecosystem. As such, they become reconverted into organic components of the environments. Moreover, their production is strictly biological instead of chemical.
Being a student and highly interested in research can feel counter-intuitive to most but, it is not in fact! Research is more productive when done with an open and fertile mind. Acknowledging this fact already, there have been worldwide measures to promote budding researchers and to “catch them young”. Pragmatically one can ponder if by choosing research one can be sustained in this competitive and capitalistic economy.
In order to thrive in the field of research these days, there is a requirement of intuition, good scientific basics, analytical skills, passion and ability to approach a solution using widely different methods. In addition to the aptitude, Biotechnology provides one such advantage to do research.
Research areas in Biotechnology include genetics, genomics, bioinformatics, plant and animal biotechnology, medical biotechnology, Biotechnology in environment and biodiversity sustenance, biofuel development, product and process development, bio-instrumentation, human resource development, and biosafety, etc. It has applications today in approaching questions pursued in the field of physics, chemistry, mechanical engineering, aviation, artificial intelligence, pharmaceuticals, textile, food industry, etc.
Today, the potential areas of research in Biotechnology have become so vast and mind-boggling that it is not possible to make a conclusive and comprehensive list. Further, new areas of study are continuously emerging. To have an overview here are a few fields where biotechnology plays out as a significant tool:
a) Agriculture -used for producing transgenics of rice, wheat, cotton, potato, and vegetables giving higher productivity. b) Basic research: Applying aspects of molecular biology, genetics, genomics, proteomics, and neurosciences. c) Bioengineering of biofuels like ethanol, Bio-fertilizers and bio-pesticides d) Bioinformatics: Algorithm design and development, software and tools for data mining and data warehousing applications, Biological Data Curation, phylogenetics having applications in medicine, etc. d) Development of diagnostics: For major diseases, genetic disorders, cancer, tuberculosis, HIV, malaria, and neurological disorders. And low-cost therapeutics: developing new vaccines, diagnostics, drugs and drug delivery system; to produce low-cost, small proteins and therapeutics using plants and animals as bioreactors e) Marine resources f) Neurosciences: neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, and motor neuron disease, which would cover study of molecular genetics of these disorders. Neuro-AIDS, autism, and dyslexia. Neuro-informatics, neuron networks, etc. g) Plant tissue culture: providing tissue culture technology at the grassroots level to cover the most plant rich regions of the country which need massive afforestation and wasteland recovery. Utilization of tissue culture for enrichment of genetic diversity. Genetic manipulation of cell culture in forestry for disease resistance and reduction of regeneration time.
There are many Research institutes in India where research can be pursued like:
Agharkar Research Institute, Pune; Anna University, Chennai (www.annauniv.edu); Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi (www.bhu.ac.in); the Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani (www.bits-pilani.ac.in); Bose Institute, Kolkata (www.boseinstitute.org); the Cochin University of Science and Technology (www.cusat.ac.in); Delhi University Campus ; Goa University (www.unigoa.ac.in); ICGEB : International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, New Delhi (www.icgeb.trieste.it); IIT, Kharagpur (www.iitkgp.ernet.in); IIT Kanpur (www.iitk.ac.in); IIT Roorkee (www.iitr.ernet.in); the Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, Kolkata (www.iicb.res.in); the Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru (www.iisc.ernet.in); Industrial Toxicology Research Centre, Lucknow (www.itrcindia.org); Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine, TIFR, Bengaluru (http://instem.res.in); the Institute of Bioresources and Sustainable Development, Imphal (ibsd-imphal.nic.in); the Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology, New Delhi (www.igib.res.in); IMTECH, Chandigarh (www.imtech.res.in); JNCASR, Bengaluru (www.jncasr.ac.in); the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai (www.tifr.res.in); TERI University, New Delhi (www.teriuniversity.ac.in) and many more.
Within Jaipur You will Find the Following Institutes Where the Research is Actively Pursued:
Birla Institute Of Scientific Research, BISR (http://www.bisr.res.in/); Rajasthan Agricultural Research Institute Durgapura, RARI (http://raridurgapura.org/) and Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology, BIBT (https://www.blalbiotech.com/), etc.
If you are a student fresh out of school in Jaipur and wondering how and where you can enjoy being a researcher, BIBT is an institute where even at bachelors level you get exposed to research in biotechnology. UG and PG students have their own research questions and projects where they gain hands-on experience and the taste of research. I addition to becoming experts in a particular field in biotechnology, students also have access to learning techniques of other streams of biotechnology through many IBT training modules like molecular biology, food biotechnology, medical microbiology, plant biotechnology, molecular diagnostics, etc.
Biotechnology is the broad area applied to biology and other research areas which include Genomics, Plant and Animal Biotechnology, Medical Biotechnology, Environment and Biodiversity, Bioinformatics, Product and Process Development, Biofuels, Bioinstrumentation, Human Resource development, and Biofuels.
Biotechnology utilizes biomolecular and cellular processes that help to create products and technologies which improve our lives. Recent biotechnology develops breakthrough technologies to fight diseases, feed the hungry, use less and cleaner energy, reduce our environmental harm, have safer, cleaner and more efficient industrial manufacturing processes.
Till today, more than 250 biotechnology health care products and vaccines have been made available to patients. Agricultural biotechnology is used by more than 13.3 million farmers around the world and is used to prevent plants from damage by insects and pests increase yields, and reduce damage done on environment due to farming.
To reduce the toxic chemical pollution and greenhouse gas emissions, new industrial and environmental biotechnology advances have been made.
Other than this, renewable biofuels from algae and use of other cellulosic materials decrease greenhouse gases as well as reducing our dependence on oil. Substitute for petroleum-based plastics, replacing waste destined for a landfill with biodegradable, compostable consumer products is accomplished by the help of Bioplastic, another product that is available today.
“Feeding the world will be one of the greatest challenges of the 21st century. It will be impossible without using scientific advancements and biotechnology.”
Knowledge and memories are all that we take to our graves. Hence, it is imperative to assure the quality of both during our lifetime. Education plays a very important role in shaping the former, and the time spent in pursuing it in the latter.
Although basic education is a fundamental right of every living person, few get the opportunity and even fewer are blessed enough to pursue higher education. By the time a student has decided what course to pursue at the masters level, one has a vague idea of what opportunities lay ahead. However, more often than not, the contacts and public relation skills developed at this stage impact the nature of the future work taken up by the student. These life-skills sometimes have a greater impact on the personality of the student which along with knowledge helps to steer their careers in the right direction.
In short, the quality of education at the Master’s level should ensure that each graduating student is indeed a master of his field. They should be provided with the skills to encash their two years of study. In addition, the student should also be made aware of the benefits of multi-tasking and encouraged to work as they study. Part-time teaching or part time working in labs is one way of inculcating a sense of responsibility as well as satisfaction in them. Also, a practical exposure to current high-end techniques and their applications in industries or RnD will better equip them for the life after Masters.
Apart from these, each and every student should be made aware that unlike the commerce lines, science has several restrictions in terms of pay as well as options within India. Hence, instead of feeling discouraged they should receive professional guidance to help build up their professional resume and develop communication skills that will help them with prospective employers- in research, academia or industry.
Last but not the least; practical bioinformatics is an indispensible skill-set that each and every student should take with them. Today, an amalgamation of both wet and dry-lab skills and data are necessary for meaningful research which ultimately affects all the avenues that one may choose to pursue. Of note, a willingness to try out different things, a risk-taking capacity as well as the mind-set to positively accept failure and lead a balanced life is necessary, especially for those who wish to pursue research in the long-term. The ability to work amicably in a team and honing their ability to read and analyse data and scientific literature are also better learnt at this stage of their education.
With the best faculty mentoring every batch of U.G or P.G. students with its Guru-Shishya Parampara, Dr. B.Lal Institute of Biotechnology has been successfully churning out batch after batch of distinguished biotechnocrats.