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The concept of sustainability has emerged as one of the most important catchphrases of the 21st century, and with good reason: the contemporary world is currently battling the impacts of unrestricted patterns of production and consumption. To put it more succinctly, despite the tremendous advancement of technology and the exponential growth of our population, the overall quality of our lives is gradually deteriorating.

While India is already making rapid gains in the direction of sustainability, there is an urgent need to engage our nation’s youth in helping us reach our sustainable development goals so that we can ensure the country’s continued growth and prosperity.

Where India stands 

India, which is on the verge of entering a new phase of economic growth, is at an intriguing crossroads in terms of the direction it will go in terms of sustainability. Even though our nation’s emissions on a per-person basis are among the lowest in the world, our nation is also the third greatest creator of emissions. In addition, despite having the world’s third-biggest economy, our country has the largest number of people living in poverty according to international standards, despite being the third-largest economy in the world. Our strategy for achieving sustainability faces its greatest obstacles as a result of two factors: the scale of our operations and the rate of our expansion.

Aspiring change-maker

India has assumed a leading role as an aspiring change-maker in the fight against climate change and in the process of formulating developmental schemes that are aligned with the Sustainable Development Goals. These goals were adopted in September 2015 and encompass the social, environmental, and social dimensions of development, including the elimination of all forms of poverty. In order to accomplish this goal, efforts have been made to incorporate all relevant stakeholders, including those from the public and commercial sectors, in the formulation of efficient policies, implementation methods, and best practices.

For instance, in February of 2018, a national workshop on capacity building was held with the purpose of localizing the sustainable development goals. During the month of August 2018, a government and business partnership conclave was held with the goals of educating private enterprises and industries about sustainable development goals and analyzing their program plans in compliance with these goals.

Future of sustainable development in India

There has been a discernible shift in socioeconomic tendencies as the economy continues to flourish and expand to new heights. The nation is still grappling with significant environmental challenges, in particular those associated with the creation of sustainable communities. According to a report that was published in July 2019 by the Comptroller and Auditor General of India, India’s rapidly expanding population, which is frequently cited as the country’s most important resource, can create significant issues of scale in terms of the execution of policies.

Conclusion

According to the findings of the survey, India still has “a long way to go” before it can reach its goal of increasing expenditure on public health. It was also discovered that the country’s primary health infrastructure is inadequate, and there is a severe lack of data to track the country’s progress toward attaining the sustainable development goals for health by the year 2030. Students can learn more about environmental sustainability in biotechnology. Check out the website for Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology, which is one of the most prestigious educational institutions of its kind and places emphasis on the students’ development both professionally and personally. The Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology (BIBT), which dates back to its founding in 2008, is located in Jaipur. Under the affiliation with the University of Rajasthan.

In both academic institutions and private companies, biotechnology is emerging as a promising subfield of the living sciences. It is a frontier of research that offers the vast potential of its application as a superior accuracy tool for the betterment of society and the creation of riches for economically sustainable and socio-economic growth. It is an exciting time to be a part of the field of science.

Links with other major fields

Expertise from a variety of other scientific disciplines, including chemistry, chemical engineering, molecular and cell biology, botany, biochemistry, and microbiology, is utilized in the field of biotechnology. Its applications in the fields of medicine, farming, and energy production have broken new ground and produced considerable benefits. It is anticipated that during the next several years, there will be a significant acceleration in the rate of industrial growth thanks to a ground-breaking program that is being funded by the Department of Biotechnology of the Government of India.

Hands-on experience and expertise

Students are able to improve their understanding of science as well as their performance in interviews by developing skills related to the processes involved in biological science. The most essential component of a technology-driven science, such as biotechnology or bioinformatics, is hands-on experience and expertise. During the course of the training program, we place an emphasis, first and foremost, on the development of core scientific skills. These skills will enrich your existing knowledge and help you to work more effectively in the future.

Internship

Students learn the most when they participate in an internship because this is when they obtain the newest skills. A successful internship gives students an advantage over their peers in today’s highly competitive job market by allowing them to obtain more hands-on experience in a shorter amount of time while also presenting them with numerous new opportunities. Before everything else, in addition to improving their scientific knowledge, an internship helps students develop a more professional attitude and improves their capacity to carry out assignments while maintaining responsibility.

Keeping up to date

Acquiring the latest knowledge is the most important aspect since staying current with the most recent technological advancements, such as microarrays and CHIP, assists in the early identification of career trends that come with larger pay packages. For instance, molecular biology was considered to be the most important aspect of research in the middle of the 1990s. However, in the post-genomic era, in addition to molecular biology tools and techniques, the incorporation of extensive knowledge and data processing produced by high output techniques are considered to be the most important and challenging aspects of research.

Growing field

The field of biotechnology has captured the interest of a significant number of students, and each year, a number of students get degrees such as Bachelor of Science, Master of Science, Bachelor of Technology, and Master of Technology. The biotechnology business requires highly trained workers for research and development, production, and service provision. However, the vast majority of students are unable to secure placements because they do not possess the necessary abilities required by the biotechnology industry. In addition, the biotechnology sector has, numerous times, expressed concern regarding a lack of qualified labor that is proportional to the demands of the sector.

Conclusion

There is an urgent need to train B.Sc., B.Tech., and M.Sc., M.Tech. graduates who are interested in working in the biotech business with the skills that will make them employable. As a result of the students’ prior knowledge, extra abilities can be taught to them in a very short amount of time (six months), both theoretically and through hands-on experience. Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology is a great institute that can give you hands-on experience. To learn more about this highly esteemed educational institution, check out its website at Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology. The Dr. B Lal Institute of Biotechnology (BIBT) was established in Jaipur in 2008. The educational institution is affiliated with the University of Rajasthan.

At first look, there does not appear to be any difference between the two; nonetheless, I believe that a distinction ought to be made in accordance with the approach that is taken in dealing with microorganisms. First, we will define each phrase individually, and then we will explain how they are distinct from one another.

What exactly is meant by the term “microbiology”?

Because it is a tool to observe objects that are too tiny to be seen with the naked eye, the microscope is responsible for the study and examination of bodies that are not evident through the microscope. The simplest type of microscope is an optical microscope because it has two or more lenses in order to have an enlarged image of the object. The microbiology discipline is responsible for this study and examination.

What is a microbe? 

The term “microbe” refers to minuscule living things that are made up of a single-celled cell and are also composed of various shapes and sizes due to the fact that they are connected by very small units that are formed by cells that are very similar to one another. For example, eukaryotes are those core cells that are contained within a double-layer lipid bilayer in which there are thin membranes formed by two layers of lipid molecules, and prokaryotes are those cells that do not. They conform to a particular structure, such as the nucleus, the mitochondria, and the chloroplasts.

What exactly is meant by the term “biotechnology”?

Biotechnology is based on the collection and use of components of metabolism that are based on certain microorganisms. The man makes use of his technology to create environments that are more conducive to life, investigates the fields of possibility for well-being, and while doing so, he comes into contact with the capabilities and abilities that mother nature possesses. As a result, he takes advantage of and eliminates your greatest potential for the purpose of maximizing your well-being.

Control mechanism

However, this exploitation has resulted in an undesirable influence on the land, which is why biotechnology, in addition to being a tool for production, is also a control mechanism that aims to protect the natural (forest and wildlife) life of the earth. It is possible to assert that biotechnology is not a science in and of itself; rather, it is a collection of various scientific hypotheses and fields of study that advocate for the development of a system that promotes the renewal and preservation of natural systems while also allowing for the ongoing exploitation of renewable and non-renewable resources.

Environmental protection 

The development of bags, containers, and containers made out of biodegradable materials is a significant step forward in the fight to preserve the world. Biotechnology has been a useful instrument for environmental protection efforts such as global recycling. The medical industry also benefits significantly from the contributions made by biotechnology, particularly in the areas of immunization and vaccination, and many of the steps in this process are performed with this sector’s advancement of medical care in mind.

Difference

The primary distinction that can be made between microbiology and biotechnology

The difference lies in the fact that biotechnology studies and encompasses other branches of science in addition to microbiology, whereas microbiology does not study biotechnology.

In order to manufacture some product or benefit, biotechnology also employs the knowledge and techniques of other sciences, such as genetic engineering, in order to do so. Examples of such products and benefits include medicine, food, enzymes, detergents, plant improvement, and metal bioleaching.

Conclusion

The main distinction between microbiology and biotechnology has been discussed in the article. Learn more about these topics by enrolling in Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology courses. It is widely regarded as one of the most prominent educational institutions of its kind; it focuses a strong emphasis not only on the academic growth of its students but also on their personal growth.

What is Biotechnology:

Biotechnology is a biologically based technology – biotechnology combines cellular and biomolecular processes to develop technologies and products that help improve our health and the health of our planet. We have been using biological processes for microorganisms for over 6,000 years to make useful food products, such as bread and cheese, and to store dairy products.

The scope of Biotechnology has expanded to various sciences such as immunology, virology, and other subjects such as health, agriculture, cell biology, plant physiology, seed technology, etc.

What are the job opportunities for biotechnology?

There is a wide range of careers in Biotechnology, and other major career opportunities in Biotechnology include, Forensic Scientists, Medical Scientists, Microbiologists, Environmental Biotechnologists, Geneticist, Molecular Biotechnologists, Epidemiologist, R & D Scientist, Biochemist, Biophysicist, Biomasnufacturing Specialist. Medical Specialist and Medical Laboratory Specialist and Medical Sciences Specialist, etc.

Is biotechnology a good job? Biotechnology has emerged as a sought-after field due to its wide range, especially in the field of research.

Biotechnology as a profession offers a wide range of opportunities throughout medical, health, and medical research, and you will also find work in Biochemistry, Biophysics, Genetics, Environmental Science, etc., which is one of the most sought-after industries for Biotechnology graduates.

What is the scope and importance of biotechnology?

 The breadth and importance of Biotechnology are increasing in modern times as it is used in various fields such as Molecular Biology, Biophysics, Genetic Engineering, Environment and Ecology, and Life Science to develop better technologies. And products to improve our lives and facilitate conservation and sustainable development.

Which field of biotechnology has more scope? 

There are various branches of Biotechnology that are full of great work, and among them, Bioinformatics and Computational Biology are the most sought-after fields of Biotechnology.

Therefore, we hope that this blog will prove to be beneficial in a clear understanding and scope of biotechnology. If you wish to work as a research assistant or in an international company and intend to study biotechnology or related fields, consult a Leverage Edu specialist by registering for a free 30-minute career counseling session and take the initiative to build a lucrative career.

Salary Analysis 

According to the latest figures from the Government of India, the biotech sector is currently growing at an annual rate of 20% and is expected to reach USD 100 billion by 2025, thanks to various international companies and research institutes that always provide excellent jobs opportunities for qualified people. The salaries of Biotechnologists in India are determined primarily by their knowledge, skills, and knowledge. There are now 12 major corporations in India with high employment rates and compensation levels. Leading biotech firms pay an average annual income from INR 2.2 lakhs to INR 8.2 lakhs per year. As the demand for biotech graduates grows, prices are expected to double.

Conclusion:

Dr. B. Lal Institute of Technology is committed to making the institute a center of excellence in the study of biotechnology as well as conducting research and training to meet the needs and expectations of students, parents, and the community at large. We will do this with a high level of social sensitivity, innovation, continuous talent development, and the creation of a learning environment to foster innovation and leadership.

Are you an aspirant wondering if you could make a hit for a career of Biotechnology or Microbiology? Be it UG or PG, courses offered at any private institution of technology always work for the progression and betterment in both directions; the student’s prospect and its own development.

The B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology (BIBT) in Jaipur is one such institution, which was founded in 2008. Shri Krishna Education Society sponsors our institute, which is connected with the University of Rajasthan. BIBT is a well-known institute that emphasizes students’ professional and personal development.

Our institute’s environment has academic ties with the Government of India’s Department of Science and Technology, Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME), and Biotech Consortium India Limited to promote quality education in the fields of science, health science, and engineering.

Courses Offered at BIBT 

Courses that are offered by the foundation of BIBT include the respects of:

  • B.Sc.
  • M.Sc.
  • Diploma
  • Medical
  • Science 

Further expanded in;

  • B.Sc. [Bachelor of Science] Biotechnology
    • 3 yrs, 
    • On-campus
    • Full time
    • Fee Structure – 60,000/yr
    • Streams – Biotechnology
  • M.Sc. [Master of Science] 
    • 2 yrs
    • On-campus 
    • Full time
    • Fee Structure – 70,000/yr
    • Streams – Biotechnology, Microbiology
  • Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology [DMLT]
    • 2 yrs
    • On-campus
    • Full time
    • Streams – Medical Laboratory Technology 

How BIBT Is Distinctive of the Features from Others? 

  • The environment at BIBT is suited to vigorous debates. The institute’s faculty is comprised of a supportive and devoted group of research assistants, assistant professors, associate professors, and counsellors. Throughout the year, renowned scientists come to the institute to interact with students and professors. Furthermore, the institute offers industrial Biotechnology training to students at the state and national levels.
  • In addition, BIBT includes a Centre for Innovation, Research, and Development that organises seminars, conferences, workshops, and symposiums for students in partnership with other funding sources. The institute also offers a ‘Mini Incubator Scheme,’ which encourages young people to turn their inventive ideas into businesses. The 0.8-acre BIBT facility has an environmentally friendly and sustainable infrastructure.
  • Inside the institute, smoking and tobacco use are strictly prohibited. It is also monitored by CCTV cameras from a central control room. The campus’s classrooms are all big, air-conditioned, and equipped with integrated audio-visual teaching aids for lectures and presentations. A Central Planning Cell (CPC) oversees campus placements and the institute’s long-term planning.
  • The admission process is very simple. Students can search everything online on the official website. The placement cell takes care of admission and also they are quite friendly. Criteria for admission is 10+2 with 65% marks. Our Institute conducts counseling week which gives you full-on information about subjects, teachers, and their teaching patterns.

To end with, it is crucial to for a student to also possess and learn new skills or improve existing ones, whether you are just starting out or already have a successful career in Biotechnology. At BIBT, we focus on these very developmental and coordinative abilities on our part, to make you aspire and achieve the best possible phases of your not only your professional career but your life as an individual and the reason to its existence as well. 

Each microbiologist possesses an own set of abilities. Furthermore, the microbiology area offers a wide range of job prospects, as do the people who work there. Positions in a laboratory might span from Laboratory Assistant to Director of Research, according to your expertise and degree.

According to B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology, the listing of the importance of microbiology in specific sectors and in daily life discussed in this blog includes something for everyone, whether you’re a college student who appreciates microbiology but isn’t sure what path to take or a seasoned microbiologist seeking for a new challenge. Let’s have a look.

  • Medical Sciences.

Microorganisms can help and hurt human and animal cells. Virus, microbes, fungal spores, and parasites are examples of microorganisms. Medical microbiology is critical for a variety of reasons. Microbiologists may recognize, isolate, diagnose, and prevent harmful germs using their medical microbiology skills. They can also create antibacterial medications by modifying helpful microbes.

  • Nursing.

Microbiology expertise in nursing is critical for infection control and prevention in hospitals. Microbiology expertise is essential for nurses and other healthcare professionals because it provides them with a wealth of information on health and cleanliness. Nurses and other healthcare personnel can learn how illnesses spread and how to appropriately cure or operate on an open wound without infecting it using microbiological expertise.

  • Food Industry.

Bacteria, moulds, and yeasts are all microorganisms involved in food microbiology. Bacteria are primarily responsible for food poisoning and spoilage, as well as a variety of human gut disorders. A variety of microbial isolated strains are utilized to make food and milk-based products. Streptococcus thermophiles, Bifidobacterium sp., and Lactobacillus bulgaricus are among the microorganisms that have been identified.

  • Fuels.
  • Biodiesel: Microalgae could be a good source of oil for biodiesel manufacturing. They also have a higher concentration of lipids, which are used as a raw material in biodiesel synthesis.
  • Ethanol and Butanol: Microalgae have a lot of cellulose, starch, sorbitol, agar, and laminarin, all of which are processed into alcohol (ethanol and butanol). Chlorella, Chlamydomonas, Dunaliella, Scenedesmus, and Spirulina are some of the microalgae that make up this group.
  • Biotechnology. 

Microorganisms are employed in numerous biotechnological applications. By decomposing complex organic matter, bacteria are utilized in the fermentation industry to make ethanol, organic acids, vinegar, and fermented meals. In molecular biology and recombinant DNA technology, microbes (for example, viruses) are employed to make molecular vectors such as plasmids, phagemids, and cosmids.

We conclude of Microbiology as a science that studies the aesthetics, respiration, metabolism, reproduction, and genetics of microorganisms in order to gain and expand our fundamental knowledge of them. This is how microbiology affects several industries. In the coming years, you are going to witness a variety of additional microbiological applications that will be extremely valuable to all of us in every possible way of sustenance of life. 

Since its inception in 2008, Jaipur has been home to the Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology (BIBT). It is affiliated with the University of Rajasthan under the direction of the Shri Krishna Education Society. Academically and personally, students at BIBT are encouraged to grow in both their professional and personal spheres.

All of these organizations, as well as the Department of Science and Technology at the University of Maryland and Biotech Consortium India Limited at the University of Maryland, work together to promote high-quality education in the fields of science, medicine, and engineering at this institution.

Discussion and debate flourish at BIBT because of the friendly and open atmosphere. Students and faculty alike can expect a high degree of support from the staff members, including counselors, research assistants, assistant professors, and associate professors.

In addition, well-known researchers visit the institute on a regular basis to speak with the students and faculty members. Industrial biotechnology courses are also offered at the state and national levels by the institute.

Additional financing is provided to students via the BIBT Center for Innovation, Research & Development, which works with a variety of funding agencies to help them attend seminars and conferences. There is a “Mini Incubator Scheme” in place at the institute to assist young people who have unique ideas to start their own enterprises.

Environmentally friendly and long-term sustainable infrastructure are hallmarks of the BIBT campus, which spans 0.3 acres. The institute rigorously prohibits smoking and the usage of tobacco on its property. A command and control center monitors the area 24 hours a day, seven days a week via video surveillance.

Every classroom on campus is spacious, air-conditioned, and equipped with a variety of audio-visual teaching aids that can be used during presentations and lectures. An additional department is responsible for overseeing campus placements as well as long-term planning at the institute.

BIBT Courses

The Biotechnology and Health Sciences department at the university offers a BSc and an MSc degree, each lasting three and two years, respectively. 

BIBT Placements

The Central Planning Cell (CPC) at BIBT helps students find jobs in line with the country’s shifting socio-economic landscape. The cell also serves as a resource for students looking to continue their education, find internships and jobs, or start their own businesses.

Additional functions include connecting final-year students with organizations and businesses. The institute sends out invitations to companies as part of the placement process. In return, these businesses express a desire to participate in the pre-placement process.

The placement cell receives a resume from interested students and conducts a series of screening procedures. The CPC of the university distributes letters of offer to selected students. As an example of an esteemed employer, BIBT has the honor of working with ICICI Bank and Dr. B Lal Pharmacy, among others.

Conclusion

BIBT is one of the best in Bsc Biotechnology because of its good faculty, studies, and full placements. Established in 2008 as a biotechnology research institute named after Dr. B. Lal, The Shri Krishna Education Society manages it as an affiliate of the University of Rajasthan. BIBT’s friendly and open atmosphere encourages debate and discussion. 

The BIBT campus is known for its environmentally friendly and long-term sustainable infrastructure. The area is constantly monitored by a command and control center via video surveillance. Audiovisual aids are available in all classrooms, as well as a well-ventilated space.

Due to COVID-19, all global activity has stopped. Everyone trusts medical consultants. Biotechnology experts are also expected to restore normalcy to people’s lives.

A degree in biotechnology engineering is the best choice for today’s society, which is constantly challenged. Biotechnology graduates may miss out on opportunities in the future.

Before pursuing a degree in biotechnology, consider your interest in mathematics, technology, biology, and chemistry.

What exactly does “Biotechnology Engineering” mean?

Modern times demand evolution. An evolution that combines biological research and technology innovation. Do you want to learn more about biotechnology engineering? Please read.

Biotechnology Engineering is one of the most innovative and fruitful sectors of science and technology. This category focuses on increasing human existence through product and technology creation using physics, chemistry, biology, engineering, and mathematics.

The main areas of research in biotechnology engineering include medical, agriculture, energy, and the environment.

Biotechnology degree benefits

Biotechnology has many benefits. The scope of biotechnology courses is also expected to expand in the coming years. Science is expanding quickly to generate human-beneficial technologies. So choosing Biotechnology as a primary career option is a wise choice for your future.

Biotechnology’s top 7 benefits

1. A strong educational basis

Biotechnology Engineering is a popular subject that teaches innovative biotechnology technologies. The latest techniques and technology are required to avoid sinking in such a realm. It makes you more flexible.

2. Career advancement

Biotechnology is a broad course. Professional growth is possible with a wide range of courses. Updating your knowledge and abilities can help your career. The best college for B.Tech biotechnology lets you acquire important positions for tech-savvy individuals.

3. Future-focused

You can work anywhere. Biotechnology course scope is promising in private and government sectors. Choosing the best area for your interests and skills can boost your career.

4. Can boost multiple industries

A biotechnology expert can help create several industries. One can work in pharmaceutical, manufacturing, cell biology, gene therapy, agricultural, environmental applications, and more. They can study any important subject to improve humanity.

5. Develops professional contacts

Professionals understand the significance of biotechnology and gain skills. While taking the course, you can build your network and earn a decent job. Internships and industry exposures improve professional networks.

6. Careers

Those interested in a career in biotechnology have many options. Infinite gateways would evolve quickly. You could be a biochemist, biomedical engineer, bio-manufacturing specialist, clinical technician, medical scientist, or microbiologist. Find the best B. Tech biotechnology institutes in Delhi NCR, UP, and prepare for emerging possibilities.

7.Job security

Biotechnology is one of the most recession-proof careers today. The practice helps one cope with uncertain situations and devise solutions for social uplift.

Conclusion

Engineering is one of science and technology’s most innovative fields. Biotechnology engineering research focuses on medicine, agriculture, energy, and the environment. Graduates who don’t study biotechnology may miss out on opportunities. The best B.Tech biotechnology school helps you land tech-savvy jobs. Private and government biotechnology courses are promising.  One of the best biotechnology institute is B Lal Institute of Biotechnology. 

Biotechnology is the branch of science that uses biochemistry, biology, and genetics principles to the development of useful products and the betterment of human health. Biotechnologists aim to use their fundamental biological knowledge of cells, proteins, and genes to develop new processes, enhance existing processes, or manufacture specific goods. They may specialise in a specific field of biotechnology, such as pharmaceutical or plant biotechnology, or operate in a variety of industries, such as food or bio waste treatment.

Biotechnology is a rapidly expanding area, and the demand for qualified biotechnology experts is likely to rise even faster in the coming decade.

Biotechnology is also extremely important in the field of education. Professorial positions in many disciplines, as well as PhD programmes with stipends. Many overseas companies seek biotechnology graduates for roles like:

  • Medical Laboratory Scientist
  • Director – Drug Manufacturing Operations
  • Cell Therapy Scientist
  • Laboratory technician Microbiology
  • Cell Culture Analyst

There are many government and private companies that recruit biotechnologists. Some Job roles in both private and government sectors are:

  • Research Interns- R&D Jobs
  • Safety Expert
  • Bioinformist
  • Clinical Research Jobs
  • Scientific Writer
  • Biotech Specialist

Salary packages in the government sector for B.Sc. biotechnology graduates

Graduates with a B.Sc. in Biotechnology will find work in the government sector.. The following are some of the most popular government job roles available to B.Sc. in Biotechnology graduates:-

JOBS                           JOB POSITION     SALARY PER ANNUM
1.

2.

3.

                         Epidemiologist 

                         Project leader

                         Biostatistician

    INR 6 LPA

    INR  14.1 LPA

    INR 5.5 LPA

Private Jobs for B.Sc. Biotechnology Graduates

There are several fields where a B.Sc. Biotechnology graduates can work. These include hospitals, pharmaceuticals, food production firms, clinical research firms, laboratories, consultation agencies.. Following is the list of some private jobs.

JOBS                     JOB POSITION SALARY PER ANNUM
1.

2. 

3.

                   Medical coder

                 Research associate

         Biotechnology instructor

INR 4.5 LPA

INR 3.5 LPA

INR 5.4 LPA

Top firms that recruit Biotechnologists

  • Reliance Life Sciences
  • Glaxosmithkline
  • Biocon
  • Cipla
  • Cadila Healthcare
  • Ranbaxy

Other B.Sc. Biotechnology jobs

  • All India Biotech Association- Government
  • Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology – Government
  • Biotech Consortium India Limited- Government
  • Agriculture Sector- Government
  • Research Interns- R&D Jobs- private
  • Safety Expert- private
  • Bioinformist- private
  • Clinical Research Jobs- private
  • Production Jobs in Pharma Industry- private
  • Scientific Writer- private
  • Biotech Specialist- private

 

Author 

MUSKAN JHA

BSC BIOTECHNOLOGY PART 2

Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology, Jaipur

We all become aware of various types of trends based on all elements of life as a result of our interconnected environment. Some trends are peculiar, while others are amusing, and it appears that the esoteric world of science is no exception. With the COVID-19 craze still going strong, advancements in one field of research are getting more attention than others. This domain ‘integrates natural sciences with engineering sciences in order to produce technologies and products that draw inspiration from numerous biological systems existing in our environment for the greater good.’

As you may have guessed, we’re talking about Biotechnology, which isn’t a new branch of study, but the COVID-19 epidemic has brought the importance of this somewhat obscure realm of science to our attention. To emphasize the rapid rate of progress in Biotechnology, we’ve put up a list of the hottest trends and innovations for 2022.

Before we begin, we’d like to point out that, in order to provide you with the most accurate research, all “trends” are ranked on two scales: present relevance and worldwide investment. In addition, one recent innovation in each area is shown, because what good is a trend if it doesn’t foster innovation?

1. Precision Medicines 

Precision medicines are one of the biotechnology megatrends, thanks to recently developed advanced tools like CRISPR gene editing and enhanced gene sequencing techniques. Precision medicines, as opposed to conventional medicines, allow for individualized treatment based on a person’s genetics. Furthermore, researchers can improve or generate future precision medicines by analyzing the influence of past precision medicines on highly specific gene pools, which aids in the development of newer precision medications.

In the year 2020, the pharmaceutical industry will have received a total investment of $200 billion USD for the research and development of new precision pharmaceuticals around the world.

Latest Innovation in Precision Medicine 

Researchers at companies like Moderna, BioNtech, and Pfizer are aiming to apply mRNA technology to oncology, which means that mRNA-based cancer vaccines can be used to detect and eradicate tumor cells.

These tailored cancer vaccinations are created for each patient individually. To distinguish healthy cells from ill cells, the tumor and DNA of the patient are analyzed for mutations. Researchers can develop a very precise mRNA molecule to manufacture the vaccination using AI and machine learning. Once injected into the patient, the mRNA vaccine guides the cells to produce specific proteins that train the immune system to recognise and kill malignant cells. Personalized mRNA vaccines for cancer can be developed in the same time frame as the COVID-19 mRNA vaccines.

2. Artificial Intelligence and Big Data 

Surprised!!? That is how a new subject of computer science might become a biotechnology trend.

Artificial Intelligence (AI) allows biotechnology businesses to automate a wide range of activities, allowing them to scale up their operations. For example, biopharmaceutical entrepreneurs use AI to speed up the drug discovery process, while researchers in domains like proteomics, genomics, and glycomics use AI to decipher the structures and sequencing of these varied sets of proteins.

The fact that humans alone have over 25,000 genes and 1,000,000 proteins is a prime example of Big Data’s existence in biology. Human minds will find it difficult to analyze and make good use of this unstructured data, therefore we will once again turn to AI to extract relevant combinations, models, and other information from this massive data set.

The global total corporate investment in AI reached over 68 billion dollars in 2020, and it is expected to reach 126 billion dollars by 2025.

Latest Innovation in Artificial Intelligence and Big Data 

Converting data, mostly  unstructured data into structured data is a lengthy and demanding process.  Collection of technologies known as Intelligent Process Automation (IPA) have been  developed by major tech companies to automate and immensely speed up this  process with the help of AI.

3. Biofuels

The definition of biofuel in the dictionary is “any fuel obtained from biomass, such as plant or algal material or animal waste.” The presence of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere is increasing, which is a severe problem. In the year 2019, the level of CO2 in the atmosphere reached a new high of roughly 409 ppm (parts per million). Carbon dioxide emissions have also been steadily rising, with an annual increase of 12 billion tonnes of CO2 between 1990 and 2020. With ever-increasing energy demand and rapidly decreasing fossil fuel stocks, the development of efficient biofuels is a must.

Globally, 15.3 billion USD has been invested in research and development of better and more efficient biofuels in the previous five years (2015-2019).

Latest Innovation in Biofuels

Researchers at Columbia University, exploited a type  of bacteria called N. europaea which uses energy released from reactions between  Ammonia and Carbon Dioxide and makes liquid biofuels as byproducts inside of  uniquely called Reverse Microbial Fuel Cells (R-MFC). Similar processes have been  developed at Harvard University in which biofuels are made with the help of a  different type of bacteria called Shewanella.

4. Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicines 

Tissue engineering is a relatively new and emerging branch of biotechnology. The  development of advanced techniques in bioprinting and microfluidics now allow  formation of autologous tissue grafts for various purposes such as organ  transplantation, treating burns and regenerative medicine. Furthemore, tissue  engineering provides alternatives to surgical reconstruction, transplants and other  medical devices that are used to repair damaged tissues.

Previously, tissue engineering was only limited to biomedical applications, plant  tissue cultures, but now these days some companies have also started to engineer  tissues on a small scale as an alternative to direct animal products such as  laboratory meat and laboratory leather etc. However, this area is still in development  and it needs to first reach a larger scale for products to be competitive in price with  directly obtained animal based products.

Tissue engineering can be done by four types of biomaterials namely polymers,  ceramics, metals and composites (blend of above three). The source of these  materials can either be synthetic or natural.

The fusion of cells to biomaterials is called a ‘construct’ and is the foundation of  current tissue engineering. Construct-based conventional tissue engineering  platforms are required because :- 1) Cells need a solid base to grow and proliferate.  2) Tissues need a solid scaffold to keep desired shape. 3) The rigid and porous  scaffold also serves as an inductive and instructive guide that signals for cell  differentiation, migration and orientation in a specific manner. 4) The porous  structure of a solid scaffold will allow cell seeding and vascularisation. 5) The initial  solid and porous scaffold will later get replaced by natural structures through  morphogenesis of parenchymal and stromal cells, inside and outside of the tissue  construct.

The global market size for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine was  estimated at 9.5 billion USD in 2019 alone and is expected to witness a compound  annual growth rate of 18.5% between 2020 to 2027.

Latest Innovation in Tissue Engineering

Apligraf – a bilayered skin substitute – was  the first allogeneic cell based therapy which received permission for sale as a  treatment for venous leg ulcers.

Apligraf is constructed by growing human foreskin-derived neonatal fibroblasts (a  type of stem cells) in a bovine type I collagen matrix over which human foreskin derived neonatal epidermal keratinocytes are then cultured and allowed to stratify.  Still, Apligraf does not directly restore the skin, but transiently protects and provides  injured skin with scaffold and signaling molecules (produced by the cells within the  construct) which fosters and accelerates skin regeneration.

5. Food Biotechnology and Agriculture 

Biotechnology offers a variety of options for improving food quality, such as nutritional content and shelf life, as well as raising agricultural production. These tools include genetic engineering, the use of microbes for specialized purposes, and the mass manufacture of enzymes for food manufacturing, such as catalase enzymes for mayonnaise, chymosin for cheese, and alpha amylase for baking.

The most publicized use of biotechnology in history of food biotechnology and  agriculture is the development of Bt Corn and Bt Cotton respectively which are  genetically modified species, they are exceptionally effective against certain insect  species due to their ability to express a unique bacterial protein from Bacillus  thuringiensis called as ‘Cry’, these proteins are toxic against certain pest insects but  are harmless to mammals and birds. Since then, biotechnology has continually  proven its prowess in improving food quality and agricultural yields.

Investment in Food Biotechnology raised 8.37 billion USD in 2020 alone and experts  estimate that the market will remain headstrong in this evergreen industrial sector.

Latest Innovation in Food Biotechnology and Agriculture

Harnessing the  biodegradable waste products from agriculture is always a top priority in the field of  biofuels as we discussed above. Similarly, putting food waste to good use is another  challenge. For instance, 6 to 8 million metric tons of shellfish waste is produced  every year during the making of seafood. Scientists have found a good use for this  waste by turning the chitin (a heteropolysaccharide) from shells of shellfish in  chitosan, which serves as biodegradable plastic wrap that could be used in food  packaging.

6. Honorable Mention – Biotechnology in mRNAVaccines

There are myriad types of vaccines that have been developed for various purposes  and it’s no secret that all types of vaccine development uses tools present in the  arsenal of biotechnology. Without delving deep into the application of biotechnology  in each type of vaccine, we will just focus on the most recently developed, a new  type of vaccine called ‘mRNA vaccine’.

mRNA vaccines consist of mRNA (messenger RNA), which is encoded by antigen  genes of an infectious agent. When the mRNA from mRNA vaccine is administered  into host cells, it will translate into protein antigens that will invoke protective  immunity against the infectious agent. Vaccines based on mRNA allow quick  responses against pandemic microbe strains as they are easy to mass produce.

One unique feature of mRNA vaccines is that they are able to induce cellular and  humoral immunity equally. Also in comparison to DNA vaccines, mRNA vaccines  offer stronger safety advantages because mRNA vaccines carry only the elements  that are directly required for expression of the encoded proteins and rarely interact  with the genome. Because any protein can be encoded and expressed by mRNA,  mRNA vaccines offer maximum flexibility with respect to vaccine production, and  principally enable the development of prophylactic and therapeutic vaccines fighting  against infections and cancers.

Latest Innovation in mRNA Vaccines 

mRNA COVID-19 vaccines, a precision  medicine, is evidently also an latest example of mRNA vaccines.

Conclusion

Finally, the number of biotechnology applications is vast and inexhaustible. Biotechnology’s varied contributions appear to have an impact on and enhance every element of life. With these trends accelerating in the field of biotechnology, I hope I’ve persuaded you why biotechnology occupies the highest echelon in the auditorium of applied sciences, and how biotechnology sharpens and exploits every biological system on the planet, from bacteria to higher echelons of eukaryotes, to provide an endless stream of innovations that make life a little easier step by step.

 

Author: Priyesh Avasthi

College: Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology

Course: M.Sc. Microbiology, Semester – 1