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Biotechnology has created an unprecedented threat in the progression of agricultural, environmental, food and dairy technology. However, the role played by biotechnology in the medical field and healthcare has been immense, unbeatable and unparalleled.

This subject – Biotechnology is a synonym for the prosperity of human health and medical care. Thus, it is a boon for the medical industry.

Medical Biotechnology (MBT) deals with healthcare and pharmacy sectors, infusing these fields with tremendous humanitarian implications. This is because a small discovery made by any medical biotechnologist can save millions of lives on Earth.

As the global economy is scaling new heights, the requirement of qualified and skilled biotechnology researchers is increasing with time.

India is counted among the top 12 biotechnology destinations in the world and the third largest in the Asia Pacific region.

Biotechnology, a vast field, is culturing ton healthcare and treatment through techniques that result in rapid and accurate diagnosis of diseases with the utilization of techniques like Polymerase Chain Reaction, ELISA, Indirect Immunofluorescence and Recombinant DNA Technology; the investigation of human diseases has reached a gargantuan level.

Apart from these techniques, gene cloning in Biotechnology has made possible, the mutated or disrupted gene in the damaged cell. This procedure is referred to as Gene Therapy.

Those students, who have the technical expertise and thorough acclimatization towards handling equipment, can opt for a great career in Medical Biotechnology.

To become competent and successful professionals in this field, students can choose to study B.Sc in Biotechnology. For this course, 12th examination with biology/ maths/ agriculture is essential.

On completion of this highly potent academic course, students can further study M.Sc in Medical Biotechnology or pursue Ph.D to become illustrious medical scientists in future.

Qualified graduates can complete M.Sc in Medical Biotechnology and work in research institutes all over the world as Research Associate or Research Scientists.

They can also become medical professionals in clinical settings, hospitals, and pharmaceutical companies.

According to National Human Genome Research Institute’s report, by the year 2025, the trend of personalized medical treatment will start, in which an individual would obtain medical treatment based on his or her genetic makeup.

Definitely, one can say that the future is bright because of the Biotechnology and there is going to be a huge requirement of qualified medical biotechnologists to secure the healthy future of mankind and nature.


Listen to the expert Dr. Sonika Saxena, Vice Principal, Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology, Jaipur below!

Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary field that addresses biological problems using computational techniques and makes the rapid organization and analysis of biological data possible.

Bioinformatics may also be referred to as computational biology and can be defined as conceptualizing biology in terms of molecules and then applying informatics techniques to understand and organize the information associated with these molecules, on a large scale. Bioinformatics plays a key role in various areas, such as functional genomics, structural genomics and proteomics and forms a key component in the biotechnology and pharmaceutical sector.

Bioinformatics is an amalgam of computer science, information technology and the different subject of biology as well as for biotechnology. The interdisciplinary nature of bioinformatics leads to dynamic job opportunities in the various fields of academia as well as industries including pharmaceutical industries, life sciences, food industries, diagnostic sectors, agriculture, etc.

Bioinformatics is a fascinating subject having the input of engineering art as well as of science. Bioinformaticians are mostly engaged in designing new algorithms, software, developing updated databases that all help in solving many biological problems. The growth of the biotechnology industry in recent years is unprecedented and advancements in molecular modeling, disease characterization, pharmaceutical discovery, clinical healthcare, forensics, and agriculture fundamentally impact economic and social issues worldwide.

As a result, with people confidence and development of biotechnology, bioinformatics also reached new heights among all the biological sciences. The human genome sequence data is so huge that if compiled in books, the data would run into 200 volumes of 1000 pages each and reading alone would require 26 years working around the clock. This challenge of handling such huge data can only be possible because of bioinformatics.


Join Industrial Biotechnology Training Program in Bioinformatics (Session 2019-2020)

Being a student and highly interested in research can feel counter-intuitive to most but, it is not in fact! Research is more productive when done with an open and fertile mind. Acknowledging this fact already, there have been worldwide measures to promote budding researchers and to “catch them young”. Pragmatically one can ponder if by choosing research one can be sustained in this competitive and capitalistic economy.

In order to thrive in the field of research these days, there is a requirement of intuition, good scientific basics, analytical skills, passion and ability to approach a solution using widely different methods. In addition to the aptitude, Biotechnology provides one such advantage to do research.

Research areas in Biotechnology include genetics, genomics, bioinformatics, plant and animal biotechnology, medical biotechnology, Biotechnology in environment and biodiversity sustenance, biofuel development, product and process development, bio-instrumentation, human resource development, and biosafety, etc. It has applications today in approaching questions pursued in the field of physics, chemistry, mechanical engineering, aviation, artificial intelligence, pharmaceuticals, textile, food industry, etc.

Research areas

Today, the potential areas of research in Biotechnology have become so vast and mind-boggling that it is not possible to make a conclusive and comprehensive list. Further, new areas of study are continuously emerging. To have an overview here are a few fields where biotechnology plays out as a significant tool:

  1. a) Agriculture -used for producing transgenics of rice, wheat, cotton, potato, and vegetables giving higher productivity. b) Basic research: Applying aspects of molecular biology, genetics, genomics, proteomics, and neurosciences. c) Bioengineering of biofuels like ethanol, Bio-fertilizers and bio-pesticides d) Bioinformatics: Algorithm design and development, software and tools for data mining and data warehousing applications, Biological Data Curation, phylogenetics having applications in medicine, etc. d) Development of diagnostics: For major diseases, genetic disorders, cancer, tuberculosis, HIV, malaria, and neurological disorders. And low-cost therapeutics: developing new vaccines, diagnostics, drugs and drug delivery system; to produce low-cost, small proteins and therapeutics using plants and animals as bioreactors e) Marine resources f) Neurosciences: neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, and motor neuron disease, which would cover study of molecular genetics of these disorders. Neuro-AIDS, autism, and dyslexia. Neuro-informatics, neuron networks, etc. g) Plant tissue culture: providing tissue culture technology at the grassroots level to cover the most plant rich regions of the country which need massive afforestation and wasteland recovery. Utilization of tissue culture for enrichment of genetic diversity. Genetic manipulation of cell culture in forestry for disease resistance and reduction of regeneration time.

There are many Research institutes in India where research can be pursued like:

Agharkar Research Institute, Pune; Anna University, Chennai (www.annauniv.edu); Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi (www.bhu.ac.in); the Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani (www.bits-pilani.ac.in); Bose Institute, Kolkata (www.boseinstitute.org); the Cochin University of Science and Technology (www.cusat.ac.in); Delhi University Campus ; Goa University (www.unigoa.ac.in); ICGEB : International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, New Delhi (www.icgeb.trieste.it); IIT, Kharagpur (www.iitkgp.ernet.in); IIT Kanpur (www.iitk.ac.in); IIT Roorkee (www.iitr.ernet.in); the Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, Kolkata (www.iicb.res.in); the Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru (www.iisc.ernet.in); Industrial Toxicology Research Centre, Lucknow (www.itrcindia.org); Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine, TIFR, Bengaluru (http://instem.res.in); the Institute of Bioresources and Sustainable Development, Imphal (ibsd-imphal.nic.in); the Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology, New Delhi (www.igib.res.in); IMTECH, Chandigarh (www.imtech.res.in); JNCASR, Bengaluru (www.jncasr.ac.in); the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai (www.tifr.res.in); TERI University, New Delhi (www.teriuniversity.ac.in) and many more.

Within Jaipur You will Find the Following Institutes Where the Research is Actively Pursued:

Birla Institute Of Scientific Research, BISR (http://www.bisr.res.in/); Rajasthan Agricultural Research Institute Durgapura, RARI (http://raridurgapura.org/) and Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology, BIBT (https://www.blalbiotech.com/), etc.

If you are a student fresh out of school in Jaipur and wondering how and where you can enjoy being a researcher, BIBT is an institute where even at bachelors level you get exposed to research in biotechnology. UG and PG students have their own research questions and projects where they gain hands-on experience and the taste of research. I addition to becoming experts in a particular field in biotechnology, students also have access to learning techniques of other streams of biotechnology through many IBT training modules like molecular biology, food biotechnology, medical microbiology, plant biotechnology, molecular diagnostics, etc.


Biotechnology is the broad area applied to biology and other research areas which include Genomics, Plant and Animal Biotechnology, Medical Biotechnology, Environment and Biodiversity, Bioinformatics, Product and Process Development, Biofuels, Bioinstrumentation, Human Resource development, and Biofuels.

Biotechnology utilizes biomolecular and cellular processes that help to create products and technologies which improve our lives. Recent biotechnology develops breakthrough technologies to fight diseases, feed the hungry, use less and cleaner energy, reduce our environmental harm, have safer, cleaner and more efficient industrial manufacturing processes.

Till today, more than 250 biotechnology health care products and vaccines have been made available to patients. Agricultural biotechnology is used by more than 13.3 million farmers around the world and is used to prevent plants from damage by insects and pests increase yields, and reduce damage done on environment due to farming.

To reduce the toxic chemical pollution and greenhouse gas emissions, new industrial and environmental biotechnology advances have been made.

Other than this, renewable biofuels from algae and use of other cellulosic materials decrease greenhouse gases as well as reducing our dependence on oil. Substitute for petroleum-based plastics, replacing waste destined for a landfill with biodegradable, compostable consumer products is accomplished by the help of Bioplastic, another product that is available today.

“Feeding the world will be one of the greatest challenges of the 21st century. It will be impossible without using scientific advancements and biotechnology.”