Biotechnology is the broad area applied to biology and other research areas which include Genomics, Plant and Animal Biotechnology, Medical Biotechnology, Environment and Biodiversity, Bioinformatics, Product and Process Development, Biofuels, Bioinstrumentation, Human Resource development, and Biofuels.
Biotechnology utilizes biomolecular and cellular processes that help to create products and technologies which improve our lives. Recent biotechnology develops breakthrough technologies to fight diseases, feed the hungry, use less and cleaner energy, reduce our environmental harm, have safer, cleaner and more efficient industrial manufacturing processes.
Till today, more than 250 biotechnology health care products and vaccines have been made available to patients. Agricultural biotechnology is used by more than 13.3 million farmers around the world and is used to prevent plants from damage by insects and pests increase yields, and reduce damage done on environment due to farming.
To reduce the toxic chemical pollution and greenhouse gas emissions, new industrial and environmental biotechnology advances have been made.
Other than this, renewable biofuels from algae and use of other cellulosic materials decrease greenhouse gases as well as reducing our dependence on oil. Substitute for petroleum-based plastics, replacing waste destined for a landfill with biodegradable, compostable consumer products is accomplished by the help of Bioplastic, another product that is available today.
“Feeding the world will be one of the greatest challenges of the 21st century. It will be impossible without using scientific advancements and biotechnology.”