Author

Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology

Browsing

The advent of biotechnology is prominent. Gone are the winds of insipid excitement and permanent are the forces of renovation that contain historic achievements. The use of microbes that have inhabited the earth for millions of years, for bioremedial techniques illustrates the fact that natural history paves a way for present development. Bioremediation of toxic metals from groundwater is an advantage that biotechnology has provided for human health. Arsenic is a toxic metal that can be removed from water by arsenic oxidizing bacteria. The bacteria are used for oxidation of Arsenite As(III) to As(V), that can be easily separated from the water. Many heterotrophic bacteria oxidize As(III)  to detoxify their immediate environment. On the contrary, some bacteria behave as agents that use As(III) as electron donors. Various molecular markers have been identified to recognize bacteria with potential arsenic oxidizing activity such as 16s rRNA, aioA, arsB and others. By oxidizing the more toxic Arsenic As (III) to less toxic As(V) and concomitantly gaining energy, such bacteria have an appreciable ecological advantage over their counterparts. The As oxidase gene has been characterized by bacteria. A study has confirmed that the As oxidase gene is a very ancient gene. In certain ways, Arra and As oxidase have been found to be similar.

Classical technologies are efficient in removal of  As(V) but not As(III). There are also cost intensive. Here Biotechnology counters the problem. Biocolumn reactors with immobilised bacterial cells have been used. A novel cost effective biocomposite- granules of cement coated with cysts of certain cyanobacteria has been studied The composite has been proven to remove 96% arsenic. Many such biocolumns or devices have been made that harness the ability of bacteria to remove As(III) and As(V). The efficiency of these has been very high. Thus techniques of biotechnology have been effectively used to clean drinking water from arsenic. Similar approaches have been taken for remediation of other toxic metals like cadmium, excessive Iron and others. Biotechnology is critically involved in the maintenance of human health.

Environmental Biotechnology is a dynamic branch of Biotechnology that deals with the improvement of the environment and microbes that remediate the problems of the environment.  This important branch of biotechnology harnesses the power of microbes to sequester toxic chemicals from contaminated sites. This field is a combination of biology and engineering.

In modern times, rapid industrial growth has led to drastic increase in pollution; Pollutants have been added to our environment in gigantic proportions by human activities. To ameliorate this problem, Environmental biotechnology is a potent tool. This field is known to include techniques like development of plants for filtration of pollutants in air, soil and water, synthesis of biofuel and optimization of sustainable process.

The benefits of environmental biotechnology have been observed in the production of biofuel from the Jatropha plant. Moreover, cotton waste has also been used to generate ethanol via fermentation. Such fuels are required very much for human activities as conventional fuels are limited in amount. Bioremediation is another critically important field that used recombinant microorganisms to clear contaminated land sites of toxic metals like cadmium, arsenic, etc. The use of earthworms for treatment of wastewater, called vermifiltration, has been effectively used.

In government organisations, jobs are aplenty for qualified personnel of Environmental Biotechnology. Their work is contributory in the Ministry of Environment and Forestry, town planning offices, sewage treatment plants, etc.  Thus a plethora of societal and economic applications of environmental biotechnology are to be made in the current time and in the future.


Listen to the expert Dr. Sonika Saxena, Vice Principal, Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology, Jaipur below!

Biotechnology has created an unprecedented threat in the progression of agricultural, environmental, food and dairy technology. However, the role played by biotechnology in the medical field and healthcare has been immense, unbeatable and unparalleled.

This subject – Biotechnology is a synonym for the prosperity of human health and medical care. Thus, it is a boon for the medical industry.

Medical Biotechnology (MBT) deals with healthcare and pharmacy sectors, infusing these fields with tremendous humanitarian implications. This is because a small discovery made by any medical biotechnologist can save millions of lives on Earth.

As the global economy is scaling new heights, the requirement of qualified and skilled biotechnology researchers is increasing with time.

India is counted among the top 12 biotechnology destinations in the world and the third largest in the Asia Pacific region.

Biotechnology, a vast field, is culturing ton healthcare and treatment through techniques that result in rapid and accurate diagnosis of diseases with the utilization of techniques like Polymerase Chain Reaction, ELISA, Indirect Immunofluorescence and Recombinant DNA Technology; the investigation of human diseases has reached a gargantuan level.

Apart from these techniques, gene cloning in Biotechnology has made possible, the mutated or disrupted gene in the damaged cell. This procedure is referred to as Gene Therapy.

Those students, who have the technical expertise and thorough acclimatization towards handling equipment, can opt for a great career in Medical Biotechnology.

To become competent and successful professionals in this field, students can choose to study B.Sc in Biotechnology. For this course, 12th examination with biology/ maths/ agriculture is essential.

On completion of this highly potent academic course, students can further study M.Sc in Medical Biotechnology or pursue Ph.D to become illustrious medical scientists in future.

Qualified graduates can complete M.Sc in Medical Biotechnology and work in research institutes all over the world as Research Associate or Research Scientists.

They can also become medical professionals in clinical settings, hospitals, and pharmaceutical companies.

According to National Human Genome Research Institute’s report, by the year 2025, the trend of personalized medical treatment will start, in which an individual would obtain medical treatment based on his or her genetic makeup.

Definitely, one can say that the future is bright because of the Biotechnology and there is going to be a huge requirement of qualified medical biotechnologists to secure the healthy future of mankind and nature.


Listen to the expert Dr. Sonika Saxena, Vice Principal, Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology, Jaipur below!

Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary field that addresses biological problems using computational techniques and makes the rapid organization and analysis of biological data possible.

Bioinformatics may also be referred to as computational biology and can be defined as conceptualizing biology in terms of molecules and then applying informatics techniques to understand and organize the information associated with these molecules, on a large scale. Bioinformatics plays a key role in various areas, such as functional genomics, structural genomics and proteomics and forms a key component in the biotechnology and pharmaceutical sector.

Bioinformatics is an amalgam of computer science, information technology and the different subject of biology as well as for biotechnology. The interdisciplinary nature of bioinformatics leads to dynamic job opportunities in the various fields of academia as well as industries including pharmaceutical industries, life sciences, food industries, diagnostic sectors, agriculture, etc.

Bioinformatics is a fascinating subject having the input of engineering art as well as of science. Bioinformaticians are mostly engaged in designing new algorithms, software, developing updated databases that all help in solving many biological problems. The growth of the biotechnology industry in recent years is unprecedented and advancements in molecular modeling, disease characterization, pharmaceutical discovery, clinical healthcare, forensics, and agriculture fundamentally impact economic and social issues worldwide.

As a result, with people confidence and development of biotechnology, bioinformatics also reached new heights among all the biological sciences. The human genome sequence data is so huge that if compiled in books, the data would run into 200 volumes of 1000 pages each and reading alone would require 26 years working around the clock. This challenge of handling such huge data can only be possible because of bioinformatics.


Join Industrial Biotechnology Training Program in Bioinformatics (Session 2019-2020)

This is the Era of Biotechnology. Biotechnology is an Interdisciplinary Subject.

It is basically a combination of Biology + Technology. When we use living organisms with technology and produce that product which is useful to human beings and contributes to the welfare of the society, this branch of science is known as Biotechnology.

Now question arises, how to take admission in this course?

To take admission in this course a candidate requires to qualify class XII with Biology, Mathematics or Agriculture as a subject.

A candidate who is admitted to a degree course like B.Sc Biotechnology will get a chance to study around 25 subjects which makes the candidate specialized in Biotechnology, making it far better than general B.Sc pass course.

There are numerous job opportunities after completion of B.Sc Biotechnology. One can work as Technical Assistant in Food & Dairy, Medical, Pharma, Agriculture, Environment, Hospitals or Forensic Department. Possible salary structure is 20K to 60K.

Furthermore if a candidate wants to go for high grade jobs then one can opt for master’s degree in Biotechnology and its sub branches like M.Sc Biotechnology, Microbiology, Genetic Engineering, Forensic Science, Bioinformatics, Environmental Biotechnology, Plant Biotechnology, Animal Biotechnology, Agriculture Biotechnology, Computation Biotechnology etc.

Completion of master’s degree opens up the scope for the candidate to work as Research Assistant or Research Scientist in any government organization or private organization.

One can also go for lectureship if he /she qualifies the NET examination. On qualifying the NET-JRF exams, they are also eligible for CSIR-UGC fellowship once enrolled to Ph.D Program.

One can also go for PG Diploma in Clinical Research, Bioinfomatics and Environment Biotechnology or Environmental Sciences.

Another option available apart from master’s degree in biotechnology is, MBA in Hospital Management which opens up the scope for management positions after their MBA. One can also go for MBA in Biotechnology which later opens up to Management positions in Biotech industries.

Once a student is Post Graduate the doors to the industries open up in Research, pharma industries, Clinical Research, Medical and Marketing .

Even students can do diploma in IPR and can work as patent attorney, they can also go for Mass communication and can work in the field of scientific Journalism and Scientific Blogging.

Another emerging field of this era is Entrepreneurship which is also being attracting a lot of young bio technicians with innovation and ideas . As its well known that Biotechnology is directly related to societal welfare and  through entrepreneurship you not only can work for your passion but also can contribute directly to the society.

In INDIA to enhance the scope of Biotechnology, Indian Government is planning to make India a Biotechnology Hub by 2020. Government has released several schemes and projects in Biotechnology sector, the only need is to catch hold of the opportunities.

The present demand of the Biotechnology Sector is good qualitative and skilled candidates with ample understanding of the field and zeal to work for quality outcomes.  So if one is looking to make a career in Biotechnology for them sky is the limit.


Listen to the expert Dr. Sonika Saxena, Vice Principal, Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology, Jaipur below!

“Striving for success without hard work is like trying to harvest where you haven’t planted”

-David Bly

Life is like an exam whether it is student’s life or any other ordinary people’s life. Exams are always there at each and every step of life and we have to face those exams. Some will fly out and some get struck in it but we don’t have a choice. The only thing that we can do is work very hard unconditionally to get over the exams with flying colors.

Students have been trained from the kindergarten to give exams and it keeps on continuing with him/her  age but there comes a time when student have to think about him/her future which is just after class 12th . There are various options which get open up after 12th but again to get those options clear up he/she have to give exams. The commerce background students have more options as compared to that of science students. Science Background Students either have a combination of Physics, Chemistry, Math’s (PCM) or Physics, Chemistry, Biology (PCB) with an additional subject. PCM students go primarily for IIT-JEE, JEE Advance, BIT-SAT, Comed-k, Manipal or any other state level engineering exams. Other than this they can also go for NAVY entrance exams. Whereas the student with Science Biology background goes primarily for-

  • NEET- National Eligibility cum entrance Test
  • AIIMS- All India Institute of Medical Sciences
  • JIPMER- Jawahar Lal Institute of Post graduate Medical Education and  Research
  • BHU PMT- Banaras Hindu University Pre Medical Test
  • MANIPAL
  • Any other state level exams.

Earlier, other than these there are no other options for a science student either he/she has to change their stream for getting opportunities. But for Now there is an opportunity for Science Biology background student in Biotechnology which is one of the growing field in today’s world. With respect to the present scenario each and every thing in medical field is possible with biotechnology.

There are different colleges which are offering biotechnology courses but they are also focusing on different subjects. In whole North side of India there is only one single department college who is offering Biotechnology as a whole and that college is Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.

To get admission in Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology student have to give BEST i.e. Biotechnology Entrance cum Scholarship Test. This will help students to take admission in one of the finest institute of biotechnology with scholarship. So now the students with science background especially from Science Biology can go for-

  • NEET- National Eligibility cum entrance Test
  • AIIMS- All India Institute of Medical Sciences
  • JIPMER- Jawaharlal Institute of Post graduate Medical Education and  Research
  • BHU PMT- Banaras Hindu University Pre Medical Test
  • MANIPAL
  • BEST- Biotechnology Entrance cum Scholarship Test

Don’t Stress

Go For the BEST


https://youtu.be/tZ62Fwms5bQ

Biotechnology, a world of new inventions, creations and bonding with nature and environment had upgraded the living of humans on earth. Biotechnology is a study where technology and biological systems come together to develop or make products for a specific use. 

Biotechnology contains a number of technologies based upon biological understanding at the cellular and molecular level. It is believed that Biotechnology had a much more significant role in the 21st century than it had in the 20th century. The 21st century opened various avenues for research aspirants in fields of medicine, pharmaceuticals, and agriculture.

With the ever-increasing achievements like the breaking of the genetic code and the development of tools that enable scientists to probe the molecules of life, the 21st-century Biotechnology is the amalgamation of these developments with computer powers as in Bioinformatics,   to help face the upcoming challenges.

Agricultural based companies had interest ranging from tissue culture to biopesticides. Major attention had been given by the health-related activities like the Antimicrobial Stewardship Program and in environmental biotechnology. The biopharmaceutical, which comprises of vaccines, diagnostics, and recombinant products, is the major segment of the Indian Biotechnology Industry.

The Department of Biotechnology (DBT), Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), the University Grants Commission (UGC) and the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR) are the six major agencies responsible for financing and supporting research in the realm of biotechnology. Biotechnology with remarkable changes and developments lead to the path full of many opportunities and challenges.


Biotechnology is a cross-cutting technology encountered is wide application across several sectors of development. Biotechnology makes important contributions to the new knowledge-based economy and makes in a variety of disciplines.

Challenges are faced by all developing countries is setting up the agendas of international cooperation is deriving benefits biotech markets. Hence, important elements in the use of biotechnology for development are education & capacity building schemes. These help developing countries to embark on sustainable development.

Developing countries are devising and using strategic technologies to solve problems of local, regional and global significance. Their participation in several regional & international pedigree programmers contributes to an on-stream worldwide resource that reflects the human face of globalization.

Also, it is time for developing countries to become more proactive in identifying their strengths, competencies & weaknesses is setting the agenda & speed in harnessing biotechnology for their own scientific & national development.


The environment is an important component necessary for the existence of both mankind and other biotic organisms. The degree of sustainability of the physical environment is an index of the survival and well-being of the entire components in it.

But, human’s activities in his environment involve a lot of chemical synthesis in the process of converting the natural products in his environment into other forms convenient for his utility. In the process of creating products, the man also creates problems either consciously or unconsciously vis-à-vis pollution. The most acceptable solution to the generated wastes in the environment is such that will conveniently integrate them back into the environment.

That method involves the use of microorganisms—usually yeasts, bacteria, or fungi as a whole cell usage production system or in the form of industrial enzymes. In many cases these microorganisms or their products are integrated into the substrates which give us the products, desired in the industries, examples of these are bioleaching (biomining), bio detergent, biotreatment of pulp, biotreatment of wastes (bioremediation), biofiltration, aquaculture treatments, biotreatment of textiles, biocatalysts, biomass fuel production, biomonitoring, and so forth. These are tools (biotechnological tools), which could solve the problem of pollution and help sustain the environment.

This is so because when the products or their constituents are discarded, they go back into the ecosystem. As such, they become reconverted into organic components of the environments. Moreover, their production is strictly biological instead of chemical.


Being a student and highly interested in research can feel counter-intuitive to most but, it is not in fact! Research is more productive when done with an open and fertile mind. Acknowledging this fact already, there have been worldwide measures to promote budding researchers and to “catch them young”. Pragmatically one can ponder if by choosing research one can be sustained in this competitive and capitalistic economy.

In order to thrive in the field of research these days, there is a requirement of intuition, good scientific basics, analytical skills, passion and ability to approach a solution using widely different methods. In addition to the aptitude, Biotechnology provides one such advantage to do research.

Research areas in Biotechnology include genetics, genomics, bioinformatics, plant and animal biotechnology, medical biotechnology, Biotechnology in environment and biodiversity sustenance, biofuel development, product and process development, bio-instrumentation, human resource development, and biosafety, etc. It has applications today in approaching questions pursued in the field of physics, chemistry, mechanical engineering, aviation, artificial intelligence, pharmaceuticals, textile, food industry, etc.

Research areas

Today, the potential areas of research in Biotechnology have become so vast and mind-boggling that it is not possible to make a conclusive and comprehensive list. Further, new areas of study are continuously emerging. To have an overview here are a few fields where biotechnology plays out as a significant tool:

  1. a) Agriculture -used for producing transgenics of rice, wheat, cotton, potato, and vegetables giving higher productivity. b) Basic research: Applying aspects of molecular biology, genetics, genomics, proteomics, and neurosciences. c) Bioengineering of biofuels like ethanol, Bio-fertilizers and bio-pesticides d) Bioinformatics: Algorithm design and development, software and tools for data mining and data warehousing applications, Biological Data Curation, phylogenetics having applications in medicine, etc. d) Development of diagnostics: For major diseases, genetic disorders, cancer, tuberculosis, HIV, malaria, and neurological disorders. And low-cost therapeutics: developing new vaccines, diagnostics, drugs and drug delivery system; to produce low-cost, small proteins and therapeutics using plants and animals as bioreactors e) Marine resources f) Neurosciences: neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, and motor neuron disease, which would cover study of molecular genetics of these disorders. Neuro-AIDS, autism, and dyslexia. Neuro-informatics, neuron networks, etc. g) Plant tissue culture: providing tissue culture technology at the grassroots level to cover the most plant rich regions of the country which need massive afforestation and wasteland recovery. Utilization of tissue culture for enrichment of genetic diversity. Genetic manipulation of cell culture in forestry for disease resistance and reduction of regeneration time.

There are many Research institutes in India where research can be pursued like:

Agharkar Research Institute, Pune; Anna University, Chennai (www.annauniv.edu); Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi (www.bhu.ac.in); the Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani (www.bits-pilani.ac.in); Bose Institute, Kolkata (www.boseinstitute.org); the Cochin University of Science and Technology (www.cusat.ac.in); Delhi University Campus ; Goa University (www.unigoa.ac.in); ICGEB : International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, New Delhi (www.icgeb.trieste.it); IIT, Kharagpur (www.iitkgp.ernet.in); IIT Kanpur (www.iitk.ac.in); IIT Roorkee (www.iitr.ernet.in); the Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, Kolkata (www.iicb.res.in); the Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru (www.iisc.ernet.in); Industrial Toxicology Research Centre, Lucknow (www.itrcindia.org); Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine, TIFR, Bengaluru (http://instem.res.in); the Institute of Bioresources and Sustainable Development, Imphal (ibsd-imphal.nic.in); the Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology, New Delhi (www.igib.res.in); IMTECH, Chandigarh (www.imtech.res.in); JNCASR, Bengaluru (www.jncasr.ac.in); the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai (www.tifr.res.in); TERI University, New Delhi (www.teriuniversity.ac.in) and many more.

Within Jaipur You will Find the Following Institutes Where the Research is Actively Pursued:

Birla Institute Of Scientific Research, BISR (http://www.bisr.res.in/); Rajasthan Agricultural Research Institute Durgapura, RARI (http://raridurgapura.org/) and Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology, BIBT (https://www.blalbiotech.com/), etc.

If you are a student fresh out of school in Jaipur and wondering how and where you can enjoy being a researcher, BIBT is an institute where even at bachelors level you get exposed to research in biotechnology. UG and PG students have their own research questions and projects where they gain hands-on experience and the taste of research. I addition to becoming experts in a particular field in biotechnology, students also have access to learning techniques of other streams of biotechnology through many IBT training modules like molecular biology, food biotechnology, medical microbiology, plant biotechnology, molecular diagnostics, etc.