Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology


Biotechnology: Plays a Major role in achieving the self-reliance mission of India

India is the second most populated country in the world and is a major economy. The recent events of the year 2020 have brought forward the need of being self-reliant. A self-reliant nation can handle economic shocks and natural crisis way much better than a nation which is not self-reliant.

India has recently brought the focus on the recent issue and its solutions “Local Solutions to Global Challenges. The road to a self-reliant India that supports its economy as well would traverse through support to new biotechnology techniques and policies. India is amongst the top 12 destinations of the well-developed biotechnology industry and has now the power to contribute to the self-reliant mission of India. The biopharmaceutical sector only constitutes 64% of revenues of the biotech industry with bio agro having 14%.

Agriculture and health care both are major industries of India that affect a huge chunk of the population so; it seems natural to focus on the biotechnology industry to strengthen the self-reliance mission.

Mission to a Self- Reliant India-

A self-reliant India will be much more prepared for any future geo-economic disruptions. India experienced major set-backs and pull in sectors like health care, education, agriculture, etc. in the global pandemic of COVID-19, especially great pressure to supply affordable health care for not only our nation but also for the world. The agriculture sector was also greatly affected which led to large losses of resources, scarcity, and increased prices of commodities.

Biotechnology can make India stronger in many sectors and much more efficient to cater to its needs with new technological advances and innovations in health care, agriculture, etc.

Biotechnology will not only increase agricultural production for the nation but also would have enough for global outsourcing. A good product has the potential to increase India’s global export adding to its economy.

India’s biotech sector saved many lives by coming out with millions of diagnostic kits, personnel protective equipment, critical care equipment, ventilators, recuperative devices, etc. In fact, India has gone from non-existent to the world’s 2nd largest PPE manufacturing India.

Our honourable Prime minister also mentioned a technology-driven system one of the five pillars of mission self-reliant India.

Health care

At the moment the sector which requires the most support is health care. The biotech industry has the opportunity and both need to be self-reliant today. The world is waiting for the COVID-19 vaccine along with providing treatment. It is no doubt that the Indian biotech industry proved its capability by providing healthcare requirements and treatment in a difficult time. Now the role of Biotech all the more vital as government needs long-term planning for this pandemic.

Biotechnology is using a broad-based approach for developing treatments of COVID-19.

Assuming that vaccine is successful with a substantial investment of both resources and infrastructure biotechnology will have to lead the charge of finding a vaccine. It is because of only India’s biotech industry that India is in much better condition than many other developed countries.

For a Self Reliant India, the biotech is now focusing on primary healthcare and improved facilities at the grass-root level, and blueprints National Digital Health Mission will be expedited for better use of biotechnology in health care services. Biotech R&D department has the prospect and opportunity to become a self-reliant global leader in digital health services.

The medicine market of India is one of the most competent ones, one which is not only self-reliant but also a global supplier. With biotechnology and the government’s initiatives, India has the opportunity to become not only self-reliant for medical requirements but also a provider.


Biotech crops require less pesticide which is a benefit for not only health but farmers also. Biotechnology now has started to enrich the possibility of industrial microbial techniques that involves introducing new genes to live catalyst and modifying their genomes to fit pre-specified production needs. This can bring a revolution to the Indian agriculture industry and that too without harming the environment.

The government has sanctioned loans for agri-tech startups to enhance rural livelihood and reduce risks related to climatic uncertainties, and traditional farming.

Chemical industry

India’s global supply of chemicals is not hidden. But with biotechnology, we hold the capacity of producing a variety of chemicals of industrial, agricultural, and health care importance. Some bacteria and yeast are being tested genetically to reprogram and repurposed to produce lipids serving as bio-fuels precursors and various other uses.

Non-natural chemicals like gasoline, terephthalic acid, etc. can be produced by metabolic engineering an advanced form of biotechnology and contemporary biotechnology is producing chemicals like polysaccharides, proteins, and synthetic polymers by fermentation biotechnology. All these chemicals have uses in sectors like environmental friendly packaging, the medical sector, industries, etc. This serves very well in India’s self-reliant mission as now most of everything is produced by India itself.

The Indian government is taking several steps to promote biotechnology initiatives and startups which will produce employment opportunities.

Biotechnology is simply the use of living organisms with means of technology to improve the quality of life of humans.

Biotechnology is not an uncommon word these days. But how broad and comprehensive field biotechnology is?

Biotechnology uses the study and techniques of many fields like chemistry, informatics, engineering, genetics, biology, molecular biology, mathematics, structural anatomy, statistics, etc. Biotechnology is not a new field, it is an ancient field that has progressed, developed, and evolved with time. One thing which we are sure of is that it will continue its development and growth in many more fields as well as.

There is a long chronological history of how biotechnology developed and by whom, but ultimately its how we utilize it today is the important thing.

Stages of biotechnology

If we look at it like that we can say biotechnology can be regarded as follow classification:

  • Ancient
  • Classical
  • Modern

Ancient biotechnology (pre-1800) does not have that much data on it and there is just speculation that with man’s every need, like food, animals, and preservation of food arose, a new form of biotechnology developed.

Classical biotechnology was used by people not completely knowing the science behind it.

Different methods and techniques were used to get different foods and preserve them unaware of the process.

Fermentation was used to get bread, curd, yogurt, cheese, beer, wine, etc.

Modern biotechnology deals with manipulations and altercations of the genetics of microorganisms also known as DNA technology. Many discoveries like operons, gene cloning, monoclonal antibodies, polymerase chain reaction, genetically modified organisms (GMO’S), bioremediation, genome projects, etc.

Biotechnology as a field uses many aspects of science and technology and if one takes formal education in any type of biotechnology it requires learning of multiple disciplines in context to biotechnology.

  • Biochemistry
  • Biomedical engineering
  • Biology
  • Nanotechnology
  • Biomechanical engineering
  • Biochemical engineering
  • Mechanics and Mechatronics engineering
  • Computer science
  • Bioinformatics
  • Biophysics
  • Biomedicine
  • Biosystem engineering
  • Cell biology
  • Electrical and computer engineering
  • Environmental engineering
  • Genetic engineering
  • Human factors
  • Immune engineering
  • Kinesiology
  • Pharmacology

And the list is endless because simply biotechnology is an endless field with innumerable possibilities.

4 main areas of application of biotechnology

  • Health care
  • Crop production and agriculture
  • Industrial
  • Environmental

Rest everything are all subsidiaries of these sectors only.

BLal biotechnological firms are one of the best places to pursue your career in biotechnology or your education. 

Types of biotechnology

  1. Green /Agricultural Biotechnology Deals with plants and techniques to improve the nutritional value, yield, herbicide, resistance to pesticides, etc. biotechnology is used to find ways of profitable and environmental friendly farming. 
  1. Blue/Aquatic Biotechnology

Biotechnology is used to study marine animals, marine eco-system, increasing seafood supply, or drug development, etc.

  1. Black biotechnology

This type of biotechnology deals with extracting energy from already rich energy sources.

  1. Red/Health Biotechnology

Deals with developing methods, drugs, etc to improve the health of humans. Every new development of a new treatment, medicine, drug antibiotic, antibodies, etc., all fall under t his category. Biotechnology is the most powerful tool available for a cure, treatment, and diagnosis of many lethal diseases.

  1. White/industrial biotechnology

In industrial biotechnology living organisms and enzymes are used to synthesize products to a desired result or quality. The benefits are environment-friendly, degradable, less waste-producing, fewer resource input industries.

Chemical, textile, health care many sectors use white biotechnology 

  1. Yellow /food biotechnology

Nutrition science is the popularly used term for yellow biotechnology. Food biotechnology involves the production of economical, nutritious, and easy to produce edibles. Recent research that has gain attention is to research low saturated fat cooking oils.

  1. Gold biotechnology/bioinformatics

Bioinformatics is the study of the organization of biological information from DNA. How to obtain, store, use, analyze this information comes under grey biotechnology?

  1. Grey biotechnology 

The purpose of grey biotechnology is the restoration and treatment of contaminated environmental systems and habitats.

Biotechnology has not left a single stone untouched. It has touched every aspect of human life and will continue to do so with new vigor. People tend to show concern about the excessive use of biotechnology and how it can adversely affect the environment.

But humans can eliminate this possibility by conscious and smart use of biotechnology.

Environment around us was in vain until COVID-19 pandemic intervened. During the lockdown, everyone witnessed the transformation in the environment, clear skies, clear water bodies, reduced air pollution. While hitting the economy so hard, COVID-19 also highlighted the importance of biotechnology, which provided solutions to the problems pertaining to testing and treatment. While researches are still going on to develop a vaccine effective enough to save mankind from SARS-CoV-2 virus, efficient testing through RT-PCR technology is possible only because of biotechnology. In a country like India which is youth-laden with less developed medical infrastructure, it is important to formulate policies and technologies which can monitor and curb the spread of COVID-19 in the communities.

During the pandemic, while the healthcare workers are constantly supporting the infected individuals in the community, our researchers in environmental biotechnology conquered another milestone to contribute to the mankind by detecting the presence of SARS-CoV-2 virus in the sewage samples. While the RT-PCR technology is used for detection of the symptomatic carriers, this sewage surveillance works for symptomatic and asymptomatic carriers both as the infected individual starts shedding the virus in the feces much before the onset of symptoms. The sewage surveillance study was carried out first time in case of COVID-19 in India by Environmental Biotechnology team of Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology where over 50 wastewater samples were collected from Wastewater Treatment Plants installed at different locations in Jaipur City, Haridwar, Rishikesh and Roorkee during the months of May-September. The wastewater samples were pre-processed before the testing to minimize the risk of contamination using surface sterilization, heat inactivation of the virus, filtration and adsorption through PEG and NaCl, while Method B included surface sterilization and centrifugation. After pre-processing of the samples, the viral RNA was isolated from the samples and was analyzed for the presence of N (nucleocapsid) gene, E (envelope) gene and RdRp (responsible for replication) gene. The results thus obtained were correlated with the public health data which proved the efficiency of Wastewater Based Epidemiology in case of COVID-19. In India where the positively tested individuals receive a differential treatment, Wastewater Based Epidemiology serves the society by maintaining individual anonymity, aiding the agencies and government in policy formulation to flatten the curve of viral spread in the country. Thus, sewage surveillance works as an alert system to monitor the spread of the virus in the community.

Any uncertain global epidemic comes with a solution that requires a thorough assessment and investigation. Today, everyone across the globe is suffering from a major pandemic that caused significant damage to almost every sector of the country. As we all know that there is always a hidden opportunity in a difficult situation.

The research group of Dr. B. Lal institute of Biotechnology also found an opportunity to serve the nation by conducting a research study on India”. This research work done is underway and probably the first one to be started in India which showed the detectable presence of SARS-CoV-2 genome in the untreated wastewater samples, while the treated wastewater did not show the presence of the viral load. The research article has been cited in many research papers and it gives us immense pleasure to share that the research gained the attention in the magazine “Down to Earth” which focuses on environment and development assisted by Centre for Science and Environment is known to report relevant scientific findings.

This research executed by Dr. Sudipti Arora, Environmental Research Scientist, Dr. Aditi Nag, Molecular biologist with their team has proved that every uncertain pandemic comes with a solution that needs detailed analysis and research.

If you are one of those students who have it had enough of hearing about medical colleges or people asking about your NEET results? See with time, interests’ changes and you might not have the same mindset you had when you opted for PCM. Goals change, perception changes, and sometimes well-laid plans don’t turn out as they were supposed to.

Biology brings traditional careers to mind instantly like a doctor, medicine, Immunology, nursing health care, etc. But it’s not the end of the world.

Before looking for other career options than the general ones it’s better to go review your inspiration to choose PCB once again. Were you generally interested in the subject, were you ambitious to become a doctor, were your plans to do something or the other in the medical field, or it was a compulsion or a simple and better one than the other choice? Once you set your priority and perspective right it would be easier to find the path forward for you.

The courses after 12th PCB


  1. MBBS – It is the most common and obvious choice if you have qualified for NEET and got a seat in a college. MBBS in foreign college is also a popular option.
  2. Bachelor of dental surgery
  3. Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine & Surgery
  4. Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine & Surgery
  5. Nursing
  6. Occupational Therapy
  7. Bachelor of Pharmacy

Now, the courses which do not require NEET are bachelors of science in the following streams:

  1. Bio-technology
  2. Pharmacy
  3. Nursing
  4. Anthropology
  5. Medical Sciences
  6. Genetics
  7. Biomedical Sciences
  8. Bioinformatics
  9. Rehabilitation Therapy
  10. Microbiology

And many more streams are available to pursue a bachelor’s degree.

Let’s see the career options based on the streams after the 12th PCB

  • Botany

It is a very wide branch of the biology of plants. This field involves studying the types, structure, processes, growth, of plants. Research on new plant species and new hybrid species are also included. Plant interaction and their purpose in various industries like beauty, medical, etc. are all part of the botanical stream.

Career opportunities- after a degree in botany landscape industries, natural resources center, environmental consultancies, or organic companies, NGOs, etc are places to start your career. You can start as a researcher, teacher, consultant, nursery manager, consultant, taxonomist, etc.

  • Microbiology-

This field specializes in microorganisms. How microorganisms interact with humans, other animals, and bacteria, the environment is part of this field. Microbiologists research on the microorganisms and their effect on us.

Career opportunities– general employment opportunities are as a clinical researcher, research scientist, lab technician, quality control inspector, health sector officer, etc. there are many subdivisions which gives a lot of options.

  • Zoology-

Zoology is the study of animal anatomy. Animal structure, life processes, genetics classifications, interactions, etc are all part of Zoology. Zoologists can be found both in the labs and in animal habitats.

Career opportunities– you can find employment in animal breeding research, wildlife rehabilitation, wildlife biologist, teacher, etc.

  • Environmental sciences-

Regarding the current state of the world, environmentalists are the dire need of the planet. Environmental sciences involve the study of the physical, chemical, aspects of the environments. How these aspects change and what affects these aspects and how we can move to a more stable environment.

Career opportunities– After a degree in environmental sciences, you can join an environment research institution, at mines, water treatment plants, fertilizer industry, agriculture, etc. Basically, any organization which involves the environment in any regard needs an environmental scientist. Even the fashion and beauty industry needs environmentalists. With proper steering, an environmentalist can take his/her career in any sector they want.

  • Dermatology-

It is a medical branch specializing in skin treatment. Now, dermatology is not just limited to the treatment of diseases but has made it into a full-blown beauty aspect as well. This is a competitive field but the payback is worth all the hard work. With innovations and technology, anti-aging and skin enhancing have opened the gates of opportunities for dermatologists. Though you would need a bachelor’s degree in medicine to pursue a master’s degree in dermatology.

Career opportunities– you can own your practice, be a scientist for a skincare brand or a govt. quality inspector options are endless. You can also start clinical skin treatment and enhancing the venture of various sorts. Such clinics that give dermatological approved and clinical facials and treatments are very popular.

  • Pharmacy-

Medicine is one of the biggest markets of almost all the countries of the world. Without a pharmacy and a pharmacist, the medical industry would collapse. Dispensing and managing medicines and helping patients with the correct usage is the basic job profile of a pharmacist. They also make sure that medicine is not reactive to any other medicine of the patient.

Career opportunities– after completing your degree or diploma in pharmacy and get your license either you can set up your own pharmacy or join an established one as well. It’s a good-paying career.

Biotechnology was once upon a time, not a very well known field. Not amongst the popular career choice and many of us have no awareness about its role in our lives. With time not only awareness about biotechnology has increased but it also has emerged as a promising career option and many students are taking interest in this field. With the COVID period and the need of new drugs and vaccines, there is no doubt that biotechnology is the best career option in near future. If you are one of those who is looking for the best jobs and career options in biotechnology, here we are discussing the future of biotechnology and the scope it has as a career.

What exactly is biotechnology?

According to vocabulary, this Greek word means human knowledge and skills. Everything related to human knowledge has the potential to grow and develop into desired results. This revolutionary idea has benefited the health, medical and food, sector, and now is being adapted and used in many others as well.

Biotechnology is one of the few courses which offer all types of courses; degree, certificate, and diploma. Also, biotechnology also offers the maximum number of fields to master and get expertise in. biotechnology affects plenty of aspects of human life and vice-versa. So, naturally, this interdisciplinary branch offers informal education in many fields like;

  • Bioprocess engineering
  • Biomedical engineering
  • Forensic sciences
  • Microbiology
  • Biochemistry
  • Beverage industry
  • Stem cell industry-
  • Genetic technology
  • Food technology
  • Microbiology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Bioremediation
  • Photosynthetic effect
  • Bioremediation


Bioengineering is a broad course with many fields but most of all require practical knowledge or at least knowing the basic semantics of it. The need and necessity of practical knowledge are fulfilled by unique curriculum and practical knowledge which makes students apt and prepared for the demand of their profession.

Biotechnology has a very large part of it invested in the industrial sector and good scale employment is produced through it. Industries like Pharmaceutical, Agriculture, Clinical research, Medical laboratories, etc are all major employers of biotechnology and so students are given industrial tours and exposures and internships during their formal degree to make them ready for the industrial environment.

The biotechnology curriculum is also now created and updated according to the needs of the times. Many subjects are specially included and designed to cater to the need of industrial knowledge and experience for the students.

  • Biophysics
  • Biopharmaceuticals
  • Bio-nanotechnology
  • Clinical industry
  • Plant Biotechnology etc…

Courses for biotechnology

Biotechnology education can be achieved through various courses available for the students to choose from. There are engineering degrees like B.Tech in Biotechnology and a graduation degree like BSc in Biotech. The basic difference in the degree is the education focus in both. Engineering degree focuses on industrial and engineering biosciences whereas BSc. focuses on the concept and applications of biosciences. BSc. in biotechnology is more woven around research & development, of biotechnological fields like Agriculture, Microbiology, Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, Plant Biotechnology, Industrial, Plant Biotechnology, Animal Biotechnology, etc..

There are also many diploma and certificate courses in biotechnology that focus on a particular skill or branch of biotechnology.

Future of Biotechnology

Biotechnology is a vast domain which covers many aspects of the modern world and offers opportunities for employment and career aspects in large number. This is because of the need, use, and demand for biotechnology in present times.

India is a developing country and is on the way to soon be the major hot spot for the biotechnology industry in the world. Why? Because India has an enormous Medicine industry that has its ties with major countries of the world, a booming agricultural research industry to produce more efficient hybrid crops and farming methods, medical transfusion, genetic research and development, and healthcare industry cannot prosper without Biotechnology.

So, in career opportunities and employment producing Biotechnology has a vital and major role in the coming years.

Biotechnology will be a survival tool in the coming years with the increasing number of lethal diseases and pandemics. Also with the world population over 9million, we will need new technologies in the agriculture sectors. All in all, Biotechnology has a significant role in the future.

Biotechnology also affects and contributes to the economy very much.

Scope & opportunities

The good news for all the biotechnology alumni is that there is a platter of opportunities waiting for you. At every stage graduation, masters, diploma, or Ph.D. there will be an employment option for you. Biotechnology has spread its wing so far that now biotechnologists are in demand in many unconventional industries like the textile, food industry, and corporate, legal, etc. those who are not inclined towards more traditional career routes of biotechnology like research labs, clinical establishments, or pharmaceuticals, etc. can still find a lot of opportunities of employment a good standing career.

  • Sales department in a Biopharma Company
  • Entrepreneurship
  • Teaching
  • Government sector
  • Intellectual Property Research and patenting field.
  • Legal advisory for biotechnology
  • Phlebotomist filed
  • Prosthetics sector of the medical field

There is a bright future for biotechnology and bio-technologists, just finding the right place, and doing the right preparation can make you create a successful career for yourself.

Every uncertain pandemic comes with a solution that needs detailed analysis and research. Currently, everybody around the globe is suffering from harsh times due to pandemic and it has created damage to almost every sector of the nation. Covid-19 has affected people in different ways and the damage is nowhere to stop. Strict precautions are being taken regarding various treatments and medical support. Doctors and medical experts across the globe are relying on biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies with hopes to come up with possible solutions for the COVID-19 pandemic through which therapies can be designed and vaccines can be discovered. The members of the biotech industries are constantly working around the clock to identify and evaluate the solutions. Measures are being taken to combat the effect of coronavirus.

All about the relevance of biotech in controlling the pandemic

Biotechnology is one of the vast areas of biology that includes the utilization of living systems and organisms to produce different products for the betterment of human life. There are different tools and applications used by biotech industries to come up with appropriate solutions and vaccinations to cure the COVID-19 virus. Experts and professionals are constantly working on genomics, gene techniques, and immunology for creating pharmaceutical therapies and diagnostic tests to understand the current scenario of the coronavirus. Biotech encompasses a wide range of procedures for manipulating and modifying various living organisms according to the human body requirement so that domestication and cultivation can be utilized for improving human lifestyles.

The entire focus of the biotech industry has been shifted towards the infectious disease which is currently spreading at a rapid rate. People and experts are more concerned about the infectious diseases which are spreading rapidly in the public so that a suitable solution can be designed to put a full stop on this pandemic. A new parameter of appreciation has been introduced for biotech as a field where multiple things have been evaluated by the experts to understand the current pandemic. Due to great access to multimedia, the scientific leaders and professionals are constantly working on the introduction of appropriate vaccination to cancel out the disease and put a stop on the spread of the virus. The biotech professionals are constantly working on the introduction of different diagnostic procedures and therapies through which the disease can be cured.

In biotech, different ideas are initiated which seems easy at the initial stages but it comes with several challenges that need to be determined by the experts and professionals. The biotech industry has been in power since the past few months because they have been constantly coming up with innovative ideas and appropriate diagnostic procedures to test the human bodies. Efforts are being utilized by the medical students and professionals to manufacture the product at a scale through which the cases of COVID-19 can be controlled and vital vaccines and therapies can be designed and circulated across the globe.

The response of Biotech Industries in fighting against the coronavirus

The biotech companies are responding faster than ever to handle the health threats associated with coronavirus so that a certain amount of peace can be distributed to the public who are suffering from the infection. The government agencies are constantly supporting the biotech industries to come up with appropriate vaccination and therapies to cure the coronavirus with the help of virtual sessions. The government agencies are also working to fight the coronavirus on an extreme level.

There has been gradual progress in the introduction of vaccine development through which genetic sequence can be controlled and the virus can be reduced from the root. Certain measures and precautions are being circulated by the biotech companies according to their study and experience so that people can take certain measures to prevent their body from the infection. Every minute detail associated with this pandemic and disease is necessary to be circulated by the best media channels across the globe because we know, prevention is better than cure. The biotech companies are performing under the guidance and support of health care experts through which they can come up with the solution as soon as possible.

It is quite astonishing how many of the biotech company are serving people living with rare diseases and also are working on handling the global health crisis which is spreading rapidly. They have kept their primary product aside and are working religiously on improving the pandemic situation caused by Coronavirus. A company named Alexion has announced a plan to initiate the study of phase 3 of this disease and they are handling the process of diagnostic activities for hospitalized patients.

Well, it was old times when biotechnology only meant scientists in labs skittering around and developing new drugs or equipment. But now the time has transformed and so have the field and career options in biotechnology. Biotechnology has many notions attached to its name and not all are true. Once, biotechnology represented a career in labs and research centers. Now with time, development, and more awareness about this distant branch of medicine is seen as an opportunity to build a successful career and make a difference.

Moreover in today’s practical world biotechnology is a major contributorto the economy and produces employment on large scale. Not only that, biotechnology is a major contributor to the community and humankind. Where would we be if we have not yet discovered the vaccination for polio or other historic pandemics?

Biotechnology is as important as any other branch of medicine and presents many career options. Associate teaching professor of Northeastern MS in Biotechnology shares his take on biotechnology and its best career opportunities to shape your future.

What is biotechnology?

The biggest misgiving is that biotechnology is in the lab career only to be a lab technician or a researcher, but the field of biotechnology has so many more aspects and subdivisions. Today Biotechnology is a complex field with new and modern frontiers of science. The catering and services of biotechnology have now extended to food, pharmaceuticals, and many other disciplines.

Biotechnology is now not just an extension of the unique and useful branch of biology and technology but it is a field of its own that contributes to every other sector in some or the other way.

Every aspect of human life today is affected by this joint sector of science and technology.

Careers in Biotechnology- what will a Biotechnology degree give you?

A biotechnology degree will pave way for the young minds to find a footing in the field they want to give their services as biotechnologists. In biotechnology, a degree student learns about the basic workings of all the components’ of the biotechnology field. A multidisciplinary approach is taken by most of the institutions in their degree program, giving practical knowledge of the field with the traditional study. Although there are many types of programs in biotechnology and have their aims and missions.

The areas where you can take a position after doing your degree in biotechnology.

  • Research and development
  • Quality supervision
  • Clinical research
  • Sales and technical department
  • Government sector
  • Software engineer
  • Business management
  • Food animal and environmental science

Biotechnology has applications in several fields and industries, which give the students the benefit to choose from many career options and organizations to work for.

Biotechnology employers range from all types of companies, government, and private agencies, independent start-ups, research labs, pharmaceutical companies, etc.

Some of the most promising and in-demand biotechnological careers are-

  • Bioinformatician- A Bioinformatician design tools, build information, analyses data, etc. to build a career as a bioinformatician one does require a Ph.D. in biotechnology with a grip on informatics, computational biology, molecular biology, and genomics. If a candidate is component enough and can demonstrate skills in the field.
    Fluency in computational and programming languages is a crucial requirement.
  • Bio-technical Scientist- A very respected and esteemed post in the biotechnological field which requires qualification of Ph.D. and at-least a year of work experience. A bio-technical scientist usually works with a team or even led a team of scientists. For this job you really should have great interpersonal skills in your respective field of expertise.
  • Computer and Information Research scientist- let the name not fool you. The role of data in designing a drug or a product is very important and crucial. Their role is to build new technologies and find better ways to use existing technology and data. There is an estimated 16% growth in jobs for information scientists until 2025.
  • Phlebotomists- They have a significant role in the daily collection and testing of blood for medical testing. Drawing blood for transfusion, medical tests, research, donations, etc are part of their job profile. Laboratories, labs, blood blanks, research centers, donation centers, hospitals are places in need of Phlebotomists.
  • Mangers for medical and health services- In health care services ‘planning, managing, and coordination of all the operations in the business are done by these managers. Clinical managers, clinical trial managers or clinical research managers, health care executives, health care administration are common job profiles but in simple words, they very much handle how a health service will run most efficiently and profitably. It is a great career for those who do not want a lab job.
  • Genetic Counselors- Genetic health and solutions had gain momentum in recent years and is a good career option for biotechnologists who are interested in this field. Though an advanced course and education are required for a most solid footing. They give personal help and assistance to patients with a genetic disease and guide them through their treatment and solutions by giving advice and consultation.

We hope your some of the doubts are clear and you have got an idea about the best and in-demand career options of Biotechnology. Got any other doubt, feel free to contact for more information regarding biotechnology career, best courses in biotechnology, scope of biotechnology in India and abroad etc.

Description of microbiology and microbial sciences

Microorganisms perform several activities that are important to the processes being conducted on earth. It is essential to understand the performance of microorganisms because they play an important role in the day to day lives on earth.

Microbiology is the study of the living organisms which are small and cannot be seen with the naked eye. Some of the microorganisms include viruses, fungi, bacteria, protozoa and algae. Microbiology helps in understanding the causes of the diseases and it helps in controlling the diseases to a certain level.

Microbial science is the detailed study of microorganisms that are tiny and it is important to understand the performance of every microorganism so that better understanding can be generated towards the living bodies. Microbial sciences help in the introduction and innovation in the medical sciences when it comes to the identification of the problems and causes of a particular disease.

Experts of microbiology

Microbiologists are the people who perform different experiments regarding the living organisms and infectious particles that include bacteria and viruses. There are a large number of professional activities which are being conducted by microbiologist and they are working for promoting the microbial sciences and microbiology to another level. Generally, microbiologist works in the laboratory research department and then come up with a different appreciation of the role of microbes in different living bodies.

Role of microbiologists

  • Microbiologists are responsible for undertaking the laboratory analysis and the monitoring activities of the microbial cultures and samples.
  • They have different tools and technologies by which they can conduct a wide range of identification methods and clinical trials.
  • They are responsible for conducting the planning activities and carrying out trials through which they can deliver the outcomes and results of the analysis.
  • They also work on keeping track of the environmental microorganism development through which the growing microbe culture can be studied in detail.
  • Microbiologist helps in developing new and innovative pharmaceutical products, medicines and vaccinations.
  • They also write research papers and reports to provide a review of a particular disease organism or any infection.
  • A microbiologist is responsible for ensuring the data that has been recorded is accurate and it is as per the guidelines prescribed by the doctors and professionals
  • They manage laboratories and the keeper check for possible contamination regarding the manufacturing processes.

Careers in the stream of microbiology

A microbiologist can perform their duties for government and private company.

A microbiologist can work in hospitals and non-profit organizations where they will be designated with different job titles according to their experience and knowledge.

You can also work as a professor or officers in any organization and educational institute.

Just that, you need to undergo the process of training so that you can complete your education and can be appointed on the basis of the experience and projects.

A microbiologist can conduct their job and duty in the stream of research or can also look for work in any diagnostic organization where they will get the opportunity to showcase their experience and knowledge.

Departments and organizations to work as a microbiologist

  • Research organizations
  • Public health labs
  • Private laboratories
  • Food manufacturers
  • Government departments
  • Natural resources management institutions
  • Public health organizations
  • Diagnostic companies
  • Pharmaceutical industry
  • Biotech industries

Education for pursuing in the career of microbial sciences

  • Initially, the student needs to complete the high school diploma and then pursue bachelor’s degree and it requires a time period of 4 years.
  • Then the student will have the option to pursue further for the medical degree which takes around 4 years to complete.
  • Later the student can opt for postdoctoral fellowship and he can adopt the training process as a research scientist or professor.
  • The student can also start with an associate degree and the duration for this course is 2 years.
  • Later the student can pursue a master’s degree that is of 2 years where he will be appointed as a laboratory manager or a laboratory instructor.
  • The student can also pursue a Ph.D. and the duration for this course is 4 to 7 years.

Paramedical Courses – Admission, Careers, Fees, Scope, Jobs & Salary

What are Paramedical Courses? 

Paramedical diploma courses teach students to perform pre-hospital services that do not require a doctor’s degree.  Paramedics provide medical assistance to doctors in treating patients. They also help in performing several tasks such as collecting samples for testing and operating certain medical equipment and machinery such as x-ray machines and E.C.G. Paramedics has become a popular field among aspiring youngsters who wish to contribute to the medical sector. If you are looking for a job after completing high school, then paramedics is an ideal course for you. There are several esteemed institutes that are offering courses in paramedics at a reasonable price.

Highlights of Paramedical Courses

Types of Paramedical Courses Diploma Paramedical Courses: 1 Year
Undergraduate Paramedical Courses: 3 Years
Postgraduate Paramedical Courses: 2 Year
Doctorate Paramedical Courses: 3-4 Year
Minimum Eligibility Criteria 50% marks in 10+2 in Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and English
Paramedical Course Fees Government Colleges: INR 500 – INR 10,000
Private Colleges: INR 50,000 – INR 5,00,000
Job Opportunities Nurses, Occupational Therapists, Physiotherapists, Technicians, Radiographers, Lab Assistant
Average Salary INR 3-4 Lakhs Annually for a fresher


Eligibility for Paramedical Courses 

In order to be eligible for paramedical courses you will need to complete your 12th in science stream with biology. You can pursue a paramedical course soon after the completion of high school. Candidates can apply for entry-level jobs in the field of health care. Your paramedical course admission process begins after you complete your 12th. Do note that graduation isn’t mandatory to be eligible for a course in paramedics. This is the reason why more youngsters are opting for paramedical courses in India. If you are passionate to work in the field of paramedics and help patients to recover from several ailments then we would recommend that you pursue a course in paramedics.

Paramedical courses focus on teaching a wide range of subjects including microbiology, medical ethics, anatomy, psychology, child health and clinical research.  Paramedical courses include a wide variety of topics that offer in-depth training in the field of health care. You can also do some research to gather information regarding paramedical courses. Over the last few years, the paramedical syllabus has expanded, including within its realm several other courses that further improve the ability of a paramedic to assist doctors and monitor patients’ conditions. Paramedical courses in India are at par with international standards ensuring that our students are equipped with the necessary skill set to assist doctors in treating patients.

If you are planning to pursue paramedical courses then we would suggest that you do a little research in the field of paramedics. It is important to find the right paramedical course that meets your expectations. This way you can give your best when it comes to providing healthcare to your patients. There are plenty of options to choose from when it comes to paramedical courses. Here is a list of paramedical courses that one can pursue:

  • X-Ray/Radiology Assistant (technician)
  • MRI Technician.
  • Medical Laboratory Assistant.
  • Dialysis Technician.
  • Operation Theater Assistant.
  • CT Scan Technician.
  • Nursing care Assistant.
  • Dental Assistant.

Major Sectors that Cover the Paramedical Courses 

As a paramedic, you can get a job in various sectors such as health care, education and even sports. Paramedical courses increase your chances of getting hired since there are multiple industries that hire paramedics to provide health care assistance. Over the last few decades, the demand for paramedics has significantly increased making it an ideal course for a bright future. This is the reason why more youngsters are pursuing the course of paramedics than ever before.

#1. X-Ray Technology 

Electromagnetic radiation is used to create an image of tissues and structures of the body. It allows the doctors to get a better understanding of the affected area in the body.  Computed tomography (CT), fluoroscopy, and radiography (“conventional X-ray” including mammography) are used for creating x-ray images.


  • BSc in X-ray technology
  • BSc in Medical Imaging Technology
  • Bachelor of radiation technology
  • Diploma in X-ray technology
  • Certificate in X-ray technician


In India, an X-ray technician can earn INR 5.5 LPA. A certificate or diploma holder can earn INR 30000 per month.

In the USA earnings can go even more upscale. 

#2. Anaesthesia Technology 

Anaesthetic is a drug used to cause temporary loss of sensation in the patient’s body. It allows doctors to perform certain medical procedures, such as surgery, wisdom tooth removal and cesarean.  Mostly, paramedics assist the doctors in giving Anaesthesia to the patients.


  • BSc in Anesthesia Technology
  • Diploma in Anesthesia
  • PG Diploma in Anesthesia


Entry-level Anesthetic salary can be INR 1 lakh. Anesthetic specialists are paid very highly and it increases if you are a specialist like cardiac Anesthetic. Salaries up to 12 lakh are easily given to Anesthetics with time in India. Countries like the USA pay 3 times more to Anesthetics than India.

#3. Physiotherapy 

In physiotherapy, physical methods are used to treat certain injuries such as arthritis, scoliosis and muscle strain. Physiotherapy is one of the most popular fields of paramedics. It is especially useful in sports to help athletes to reach their fullest potential and recover from sports injuries.


  • Bachelor of Physiotherapy
  • Diploma in Physiotherapy


A physiotherapist can earn INR 15000- INR 70000 per month. A sports or personal physiotherapist can earn up to INR 50000 per month.

#4. Dialysis Technology 

Dialysis technology is used to get rid of excess waste from the blood. It is mostly used for patients who are suffering from kidney failure.  Paramedics usually perform dialysis for patients who are either suffering from poor kidney functioning or permanent kidney failure. It allows the patient to lead a healthy and normal life and prevents their condition from worsening.


  • BSc in Dialysis Therapy
  • Diploma in Dialysis Technology
  • Certificate in Dialysis Technician


An entry-level technician can expect a salary of INR 18000 per month. After that salaries can go up to INR 50000 per month based on the work experience.

Nursing is the profession of looking after the well-being of the sick and elderly. Nurses tend to the needs of patients undergoing treatment for several diseases. It is one of the most common paramedical courses pursued by students who are passionate about helping patients in their recovery process. Nurses perform a wide variety of paramedical duties while assisting doctors in hospitals and private clinics.


  • BSc in Nursing
  • Diploma in Nursing Care Assistant
  • BSc in Community Health Nursing
  • BSc in Obstetrics & Gynecology Nursing
  • BSc in Psychiatric Nursing
  • BSc in Health Nursing
  • BSc in Pediatric Nursing


Nursing staff salary varies from the department, private sector, government sector, experience, qualifications, etc. Though, nursing jobs are one of the highest paying paramedic jobs.

The entry-level salary can be 1.8 LPA and can till 8.7 LPA.

Audiologists treat patients with hearing defects like Sensorineural hearing loss, conductive hearing loss and mixed hearing loss. Speech therapists on the other hand treat patients with speech defects like stuttering, apraxia and dysarthria.


  • BSc in Audiology and Speech
  • Diploma in Hear Language and Speech


An entry-level audiologist therapist can earn up to INR 4.8 LPA.

#7. Medical Laboratory Technologists 

Lab technicians collect samples for lab testing. They also ensure the quality of the samples by adhering to certain standards. Lab technicians play an important role in performing several tests that allow doctors to assess the patient’s health condition and prescribe the right medication.


  • BSc in Medical Lab Technology
  • Certificate in Lab Assistant
  • Diploma in the lab assistant


The salary range of a lab technician is INR 1.17 LPA to INR 5.5 LPA

Other Popular Paramedical Courses: 

  • BSC in Radiography
  • PGD in X-ray Radiography and Ultra- Sonography
  • Certificate in Radiology Assistant
  • Certificate in Radiography Diagnostic
  • Bachelor in Occupational Therapy
  • SC in Home Nursing care
  • Diploma in Nursing Care assistant.

Why choose paramedics as a career? 

The paramedic industry is the backbone of the medical and healthcare industry. There is always a demand for skilled qualified paramedics in India as well as other countries. It is a very smart and profitable career option.

Though rewarding it’s a challenging profession as well because paramedics are required for long hectic shifts. Any time emergency can be there and you have to be ready. You come across critical and trying situations so; you have to be mentally prepared also.

Career Scope and Jobs in Paramedical 

There are plenty of career opportunities for people who have completed their paramedical courses such as medical laboratory technologists, physiotherapists, and radiographers.  Paramedical jobs pay well and offer a bright future for aspiring students.

  • Ambulance attendant
  • Advanced Life support Paramedic
  • Critical medical caretaker
  • Medical Assistant
  • Radiographers
  • Lab Assistant

List of Institutes that Provide Education & Training to Paramedical Students

Many colleges offer quality education and training to paramedical students.

  • Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology
  • Banasthali Vidyapith
  • NIMS University
  • Kota Medical College
  • SN Medical college

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) About Paramedical Courses 

Which paramedical course is best? 

BSc Nursing, Bachelor of Physiotherapy (BPT), and DMLT are considered to be the best paramedical courses.

What does a paramedical course include? 

Paramedical courses include Physiotherapy, Occupational Therapy, Prosthetics and Orthotics, and Speech.

What are the benefits of doing paramedical courses? 

You can work in hospitals, nursing homes, clinics, government health departments, and even in universities or colleges as a lecturer.

Why are paramedical courses important? 

If you have completed a paramedical course then you can apply for an entry-level job in health care and related fields.

Is Paramedical and B. Pharm the same?

B. Pharm is related to the study of pharmaceuticals and Paramedics is related to health care. They are both excellent courses to be pursued in the field of health care.

Still, got any queries related to Paramedical jobs or courses? Worry not. You can contact us anytime for further information.



Hello to all the science students out there! Are you people confused about your career after B. Sc.? Well, you are not stopping here, are you? A bachelor’s degree is the foundation of your entire career, but what would be the use of the foundation if you aren’t building anything above that? A Master’s in Science degree is what you need right now. Wait, do you happen to be a graduate in Bachelor of Science Biotechnology? Well, then this blog is crafted right for you!

Master of Science:

Master of Science (M. Sc.) is a two-year-long postgraduate degree course that is offered in almost all the recognized universities in multiple specialized science fields like Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Mathematics, Biotechnology, Microbiology, Botany, Food sciences, Environmental sciences, etc.

Now, we will talk specifically about the Master of Science in biotechnology. It is a career-oriented course in which topics such as Genetics, Cell technology, fermentation technology, tumor, advanced biotechnology, etc. are covered and studied thoroughly. It is a course that is aimed at students after finishing their Bachelor of Science in Biotechnology, to study the technique of producing bio-products by using living organisms and attain advanced knowledge about the application of Biology and Chemistry in the field of engineering and technology. Usually, this course is implemented in fields like engineering, medicine, and also technology. Students can easily aim to get employed in pharmaceuticals and healthcare companies after completing this degree in Master of Science in Biotechnology and especially those who already see a future associated with science and technology to contribute to the medicinal industry should surely apply for this intense, yet important course. Those aspiring for a career in R&D can also look forward to this course. Colleges like Blalbiotech can be a major breakthrough for students in the field of biotechnology.

Few subjects included in this course are:

  • Advanced biological chemistry
  • Molecular biology
  • Principles of bacteriology and virology
  • Genetic engineering
  • Plant biology
  • Animal biotechnology
  • Immunology
  • Cell biology
  • Bioinformatics
  • Genomics and proteomics
  • Fermentation technology and bioprocess technology
  • Bio-entrepreneurship
  • Nano-biotechnology
  • Food technology
  • Stem cell technology and regenerative medicines


These are a few subjects that are covered and studied thoroughly in the Master of Science in Biotechnology.


Eligibility Criteria-

There are certain eligibility criteria to get admitted to this course. Students planning for a Master of Science in Biotechnology should clearly consider these questions before applying for one.

  • The student must have completed an undergraduate degree in Bachelor of Science in agricultural science along with life science like biochemistry, botany, zoology, microbiology, etc. to apply for a master’s in biotechnology.
  • In the major recognized universities and institutions that offer this course ask for a minimum of 55% in the bachelor’s to continue study with me.

Also Read, Jobs after MSC Biotechnology in India & Abroad

Duration and fee structure-

The duration of this course is 2 years, which is divided into four semesters. Although the fee always depends upon the university we are admitted to, yet the normally witnessed fee of this course is about 40000 to 2 lakhs rupees.

Entrance tests-

Okay so now we talk about all the entrance tests that are necessary for taking admission to this program.

Usually, JAM (Joint Admission Test) is considered to be the gateway to this course, but there are few other tests like JNU CEEB, Gate, Manipal University online entrance stress, etc. to roll into the science of biotechnology.

Admission process-

The admission process is not much hard once you clear the entrance tests about which we talked previously. And moreover, it may differ as every individual university or institution has its own unique and different admission process.

With this, we conclude this blog here with the hope that all of you will take yourselves and your family while at the same time your education should not be compromised. Give an entrance test and get a seat in Master of Science in Biotechnology, and for that purpose, you can find the best option at Having a great day ahead!

We hope you liked our blog and would love it if you reach out to us regarding any doubts whatsoever. Blalbiotech provides the best biotechnology studies for both undergraduate and postgraduate courses.