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Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology

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Biotechnology 

Biotechnology is a wide discipline that harnesses cellular and biomolecular processes to develop technologies that help in improving the health and lives of the people.”

Structure of DNA

In 1953, James Watson and Francis Crick put forward their double-helix model of DNA, which is composed of two strands of nucleotides coiled around each other, linked together by hydrogen bonds and running in opposite directions. Each strand is composed of four complementary nucleotides – adenine (A), cytosine (C), guanine (G), and thymine (T) – with an A on one strand always paired with T on the other, and C always paired with G.

DNA Sequencing

DNA sequencing is the mechanism to determine the sequence of nucleic acids that are the basic units of DNA molecules. DNA sequencing provides info about how nucleotide bases are arranged in a fragment of DNA. Each individual and organism has a specific nucleotide base sequence so everyone has a different DNA sequence. This sequence tells scientists the kind of genetic information that is carried in a particular DNA segment and helps in different aspects of the welfare of humankind.

Importance of DNA sequencing in biotechnology 

In Agricultural Biotechnology 

In the agriculture industries, the identification of GMO species can be possible with the help of DNA sequencing methods. Any minor variations or mutations in the plant genome can be detected with the help of DNA sequencing. This will help in the identification of different diseases in plants and helps to make pathogen-free plants.

In Animal Biotechnology 

  • Genomic sequencing of domestic animals helps in understanding the evolutionary relationships between species. Only because of sequencing researchers have found that two-thirds of human genes known to be involved in cancer have counterparts in the fruit fly.
  • Comparative genomics provides a powerful tool for studying evolutionary changes among organisms, as well as genes that give each organism its unique characteristics. By comparing the sequences of genomes of different organisms, researchers can understand what, at the molecular level, distinguishes different life forms from each other. 
  • Because of the sequencing of animal genome scientists are now able to make genetically modified animals or clones of domestic animals for getting desired products and for the welfare of mankind.

In Medical Biotechnology

  • The use of biotechnology in medicine is revolutionizing the diagnosis of diseases caused by genetic factors. It involves the use of sequencing to find more efficient ways of maintaining human health and it also helps in the study of DNA to identify the causes of genetic disorders and methods to cure them. New tests can detect changes in the DNA sequence of genes associated with the disease. 
  • Gene sequencing also helps in the development of gene therapy, a type of treatment designed to replace defective genes in certain genetic disorders. It has provided a means to design drugs that can target specific genes that cause disease.
  • It also opened up a path to more personalized medicine, enabling scientists to examine the extent to which a patient’s response to a drug is determined by their genetic profile. The genetic profile of a patient’s tumor, for example, can now be used to work out what is the most effective treatment for an individual.

In Forensic Biotechnology

  • Forensic science is the application of scientific knowledge and methodology to criminal investigations and legal problems. Biotechnology is used by forensic scientists to collect or process trace evidence such as hair, skin, blood, or semen samples, which are found at crime scenes. 
  • An important aspect of modern forensics is the use of DNA profiling, or genetic fingerprinting. Forensic DNA profiles consist of size measurements which are interpreted as the number of repeat units at short tandem repeat (STR) markers. These new tests will allow forensic scientists to sequence STR markers, potentially resulting in an increased ability to differentiate individuals in complex mixtures.

In Pharmaceutical Biotechnology

  • This field has great potential for future medical advances through the study of the human genome as well as the genomes of infectious organisms. Analysis of microbial genomes has contributed to the development of new antibiotics, diagnostic tools, vaccines, medical treatments, and environmental cleanup techniques.
  • DNA sequencing has an important role in pharmacogenomics. Pharmacogenomics looks at how a person’s individual genome variations affect their response to a drug. Such data is being used to determine which drug gives the best outcome in particular patients.

In Microbial Biotechnology

Microbial genome analysis relies strictly on DNA sequencing technology. Knowledge of DNA polymorphisms improves the understanding of microbial genetic specificity. The microbial genome shows various sequence differences or polymorphisms. Microbial DNA polymorphisms are the basis for explaining the specificity of phenotypes, evolution, and taxonomy.

In COVID19 Pandemic

  • The highly contagious novel coronavirus, COVID-19, though originating in China, has now reached almost every country in the world. It has spread rapidly across countries endangering millions of lives. Almost every individual is directly or indirectly affected by this pandemic. 
  • With the help of the gene sequencing method, researchers identified the complete genome sequence of covid19. Coronaviruses possess the largest genomes of all RNA viruses, consisting of about 29,926-nucleotide, polyadenylated RNA, with a G+C content of 32%, the lowest among all known coronaviruses with the available genome sequence. 
  • As a result of their unique mechanism of viral replication, coronaviruses have a high frequency of recombination. Biotechnology has helped scientists to understand its origins and evolution and learn how and where it is spreading. 
  • The COVID-19 pandemic offers a unique opportunity to biotechnologists across the world to take this challenge head-on. The biotech industry, including pharmaceutical companies, research organizations are developing vaccines and targeted drug therapies to combat the novel virus. 
  • Next-generation sequencing methods can help enhance diagnostic testing accuracy as well. Because most of the testing developed for COVID-19 looks for one portion of the gene sequence that causes the virus if that one sequence mutates the test is no longer accurate.

Conclusion

Knowledge of the sequence of a DNA segment has many uses. The arrangement of nucleotides in DNA determined the sequence of amino acids in proteins, which in turn helped determine the function of a protein. It helps in basic biological research, in numerous applied fields such as medical diagnosis, biotechnology, forensic biology, virology, and biological systematics. Comparing healthy and mutated DNA sequences can diagnose different diseases including various cancers, characterize antibody repertoire, and can be used to guide patient treatment.

Biotech Industrial Training in Advance Genetic Engineering, Skill Development Training Program in Medical Biotechnology

 

Submitted By
Name –    Rupali Khandelwal 
Class  –    M.Sc. Microbiology Sem 1st
College –  Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology

Biotechnology provides a whole new world for research and various experiments. There is so much research going on.

Three of them are here

mRNA vaccine: a revolution to the vaccine industry

Developing vaccines is usually a very lengthy process as it takes approximately 8 years to get approval, which was normal for us but the global pandemic hit us so hard to think of alternative ways to produce vaccines in a shorter period. 

For that, so many experiments are going on but the main focus is on mRNA vaccines as they are non-infectious, non-integrating, cell-free, and offer both rapid scalable production with high productivity. This technique basically depends on mRNA encoding antigen genes of an infectious agent and inducing an innate immune response.


Here the key idea for covid 19 is that our immune system works against the particular foreign antigen but it takes some time to learn how to fight with that, so what if we train our immune system to fight against that particular antigen by having our own body to produce it, to do that researchers took the viruses blueprint, it’s RNA and isolated the part which is responsible to produce the spikes. 

With the help of this blueprint they produce mRNA, so this can help to produce the spikes, so mRNA vaccines contain the information for the production of spikes, not the virus so that the immune system can kick in and produce the B Cells and memory cells. 

There are so many benefits as we don’t get any fever after this vaccine and it is fast to develop as soon as we know the DNA or RNA of that particular virus. 

Lignin based nanoparticles

As lignin is the most abundant and natural renewable byproduct of the pulp and paper industry, it is present in a very complex and unordered form having so many excellent properties. Its remarkable absorption capacity and biodegradability and non – toxicity enable it to be an appropriate vehicle for various drug molecules and inorganic particles. 

Various other applications are also there like UV absorbents, antioxidant agents, antibacterial agents, etc. Every year about 50 million tons of lignin is generated from the pulp and paper industry and from this, a major part is discarded as waste or burnt to produce heat for electricity which causes various serious problems to the environment. 

Approximately 2% is isolated and used for various products. And why this is happening, the main reason is its complex structure and its poor miscibility with a host polymer matrix. To use lignin in a very efficient and eco-friendly way there is only one way as if the structure is changed from complex and unordered to a very simple and ordered manner. 

For this nanospheres of lignin are formed. There are many methods to prepare it like self-assembly method, solve exchange method, acid precipitation method, etc.

But some of the challenges which scientists are facing now is that the preparation methods use expensive and environmentally hazardous solvents including DMSO and THF, which are expected to be replaced with water and ethanol. Meanwhile, the production rate is very low. Hoping that we get a better yield and low cost. Eco-friendly products in the future.

Ethanol production as an alternative fuel

It is necessary for the production of alternative fuels to decrease the demand for foreign fuels. For this, our country’s doing so much effort and right now the main focus is on ethanol production by sugarcane molasses.

As ethanol shows a great ability to blend in, our country tries to blend the ethanol in petrol. By 2022, 10% of ethanol and 90 % of petrol and by 2030, 20% of ethanol and 80 % of petrol is going to be used. As this is a great initiative as we all know the ethanol is produced from sugarcane, bamboo, and rotten potatoes which are present in a great amount in our country. 

The use of ethanol in fuel blending has long been in use, and this helps in controlling gas emissions but cannot be compared to bio-ethanol in control of greenhouse gas emissions. Bio-ethanol is known to absorb the CO2 they emit; it also improves the rural economy. A lot of materials, especially starchy crops, are used in the production of bio-ethanol. 

This research work focuses on the production of bio-ethanol from molasses; a waste from sugar cane industries. Bio-ethanol is regarded as one of the most promising fuels from renewable sources. This study also looks at protecting the environment as the effluent of the bio-ethanol production can be treated before discharging to the open field.

Submitted By
Name –     Shivani Pareek
Class  –     M.Sc. Microbiology Sem 1st
College –  Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology

Biotechnology

Albert Einstein said “Imagination is more important than knowledge” but the fact is what common people can only imagine, biotechnologist with their productive knowledge can make it into reality, be it vaccine development for dreadful virus-like COVID-19 or interacting with life-controlling molecules like DNA, RNA, and proteins.

There is a dominant ideology that pursuing biotech can only open the door for the R&D sector. The truth is careers in biotech ranges from Drug development, biochemist, biophysicist, Medical Scientist, Food processing, biomanufacturing specialists, Environment control, Waste management, Toxicologist and even in beauty care products manufacturing and scientific writing too.

Biotechnology is absolutely linked with health, agricultural sectors, and many more. 

If a person is a Graduate in biotech then he/she can be employed as Biochemist, Biophysicist with minimum wage. Post Graduation opens up many job options like QA, QC, etc in the private sector. Below, explore average annual wages and job opportunities for many of today’s leading biotechnology careers.

1. Biomedical Engineer: $91,410 

2. Biochemist and Biophysicists: $94,490 

3. Biotechnology Research Scientist: $87,418 

4. Biomanufacturing Specialists: $83,017 

5. Medical Scientist: $88,790 

6. Microbiologist: $75,650 

7. Process Development Scientists: $94,739 

8. Product Management Director: $143,402 

  • Any student with a proper fellowship like CSIR/UGC NET, DBT, INSPIRE, etc can also get desirable jobs and salaries within a good private as well as government institute.
  • Besides teaching there is broad scope in R&D sector with a good salary package and an experience too.
  • A doctorate degree i.e. PhD adds further options along with well payment and also a post of Research Associate (RA)

Recently, during the pandemic companies like Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories, Astra Zeneca, etc are hiring knowledgeable freshers as well as professionals so as to be prepared for any upcoming pandemic with a good wage.

In terms of World statistics of hunger, food security is one of the biggest problems. The threat of regeneration of availability of food is now increasing day by day. And this is happening not only with small nations but also with developing nations like India. 

The persistence of food insecurity and malnutrition is an on-going issue affecting millions of lives. Even with the success of the green revolution, the world zero hunger motive is not fulfilled. Global hunger, a mortifying crisis is a condition in which people do not get sufficient food to eat. 

They are far away from winning the battle of food security for hundreds to millions of poor people. To combat this problem, Biotechnology provides a tool that enables farmers to grow high yielding crops that even have higher nutritional content, and which can hold out against biological and physical stresses. Biotechnology put forward new solutions to control and overcome these challenges.

Developments in various branches of biotechnology also play an important role in substantially increasing its efforts to find an alternative to synthetic feeding and new innovations in conventional plant breeding technologies. 

Moreover, state-of-the-art biotechnology offers an exciting new, and environmentally friendly way to meet customer demand for sustainable agricultural growth. These sectors of biotechnology play an important role in the fight against hunger in the world:-

Plant Biotechnology

Traditional plant breeding approaches have certain limitations. Since micronutrient malnutrition leads to serious health problems, one intervention is to produce basic food crops for higher levels of micronutrients, also called bio-fortification’. 

These biofortified cultures have been successfully disseminated in a variety of developing countries with proven nutritional and health benefits. In addition, transgenic approaches allow us to reach much higher micronutrient levels in crops than conventional methods alone, thereby increasing nutritional efficiency. 

Genetic engineering can also assist in combining micronutrient traits with agronomic traits that enhance productivity, such as drought tolerance and pest resistance, which are becoming increasingly relevant to climate change.

Nanotechnology 

Nanotechnology impacts many aspects of food science, from the way food, is grown to how it is packaged. Companies are developing nano-material that will make a difference not only in the taste of food but also in food security and the health benefits that food brings. 

The three most promising developments that deploy nanoparticles that enhance the potential of plants to absorb nutrients from the soil are 1. 

  1. Nanocapsules that release a regular supply of pesticides, 
  2. Nano-sensors which measure and adjust soil humidity levels. 
  3. Nanofertilizer which boosts crops with nutrients

In a survey earlier this year, they found that zinc oxide and titanium dioxide nanoparticles increased the levels of antioxidant lycopene in tomatoes to 113 percent. Other researchers explore nanoparticles that protect plants from insects, fungi, and weeds. 

Genetic Engineering

Plants are genetically engineered to modify their DNA sequences to generate certain beneficial traits. Genetic engineering can enhance crop performance and increase the production of the target crop. Crops can even be designed to be more nutritious, providing essential vitamins to people who are struggling to obtain the specific nutrients needed for healthy living. 

GM crops like golden rice, pomato, corn, alfalfa, etc. are some examples of genetically modified crops with high nutritional value. 

Conclusion

The way to eradicate hunger in the world is more complex than any solution and is in fact much more complex than to tackle only the quantity or quality of food. The United Nations Global Sustainable Development Goals address hunger worldwide under Goal 2: Zero Hunger. Their aim is to eradicate hunger, secure food, improve nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture. This objective lays the foundation for the fight against global hunger through a multi-pronged approach. 

The editing of genes alters a living cell’s genetic material (DNA or RNA). In order to add, delete, or replace individual genetic bases and sequences, it utilizes a variety of different methods and techniques. In medicine, the gene editing process has facilitated the study of diseases in detail, helping clinicians and researchers to understand their root causes. 

The most significant aspect of gene editing is this emphasis on causes as well as on treatment. Although gene editing has been used mainly as a medical biotechnology, it also has exciting applications in many other areas, including agriculture and biofuels, where it can produce more disease-resistant strains of crops or algae. 

As it impacts the building blocks of life, gene editing is a controversial technology, sometimes raising public concerns. However, its growing usage cannot be overlooked and, if potential negative impacts are to be handled, knowledge of its applications is important. Enzymes, particularly nucleases that have been engineered to target a specific DNA sequence, are used to edit genes, where they introduce cuts into the DNA strands, allowing existing DNA to be extracted and replacement DNA added. 

To do this, scientists use various technologies. Such techniques behave like scissors, cutting the DNA at a particular location. Then the DNA where it was cut can be extracted, inserted, or substituted by scientists. In the late 1900s, the first technologies for genome editing were established. More recently, DNA editing has been made simpler than ever by a modern genome editing technique named CRISPR, invented in 2009.

Correcting Genetic Mistakes to Invention of Gene Therapy:

In the genetic discovery period of the mid-20th century, researchers discovered that the sequence of bases in DNA is transmitted from parent to offspring. Recognition of the latter led to the inescapable conjecture that the means to fix those errors would come with the discovery of “molecular errors” that cause genetic diseases and thus allow disease prevention or reversal. 

The underlying concept behind gene therapy was the notion which was used in molecular genetics as a holy grail from the 1980s. However, it has proven difficult to establish gene editing technology for gene therapy. Many early developments focused not on resolving genetic errors in the DNA, but rather on trying to minimize their effect by supplying a functional copy of the mutated gene, either incorporated into the genome or retained as an additional chromosomal unit (outside the genome).

Process:

Genome editing is a procedure where the genetic code of an organism is modified. Researchers use enzymes to ‘cut’ DNA to create a double-strand break (DSB). Non-homologous end joining (NHEJ) or homology-directed repair occurs via DSB repair (HDR). NHEJ creates random gene knockout mutations, while HDR uses extra DNA to construct a desired sequence within the genome (gene knock-in). 

There are four Gene Editing Techniques: Tools to Change the Genome:

Sr.No. Techniques Principle
1 Restriction Enzymes: the native Gene editor  In the 1970s, with the discovery of restriction enzymes, the ability to edit genes became a reality. Restriction enzymes identify and cut unique nucleotide sequence patterns at that site, providing a chance to inject new DNA material at that location.
2 Zinc Finger Nucleases (ZFNs): Increasing  identification ZFNs consist of two parts: an engineered nuclease (Fokl) fused to the DNA-binding domains of the zinc finger. A 3-base pair site on DNA is identified by the zinc-finger DNA-binding domain and can be merged to identify longer sequences.
3 TALENs Gene Editing:

Potentiality within single nucleotide

Transcription activator-like nucleases of effectors (TALENs) are similar to ZFNs structurally. Both methods use the Fokl nuclease to cut DNA and involve functioning dimerization, but the DNA binding domains vary. TALENs, tandem arrays of 33-35 amino acid repeats, use transcription activator-like effectors (TALEs).
4 CRISPR-Cas9 Gene Editing: The game changer CRISPR consists of a guide RNA and a Cas9 nuclease and is a two-component system. Within the ~20 nucleotide region identified by the guide RNA, the Cas9 nuclease cuts the DNA. Knocking out particular genes in cell lines to interrogate gene activity is one of CRISPR’s most commonly used applications.

 

Promoting the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs):

Gene editing has the ability for many of the SDGs to be advanced. Some examples of areas of application across a wide range of sectors are given below. 

SD Goals Applications
2. Zero hunger Develop the ability of crops to thrive in areas constrained by capital. 

Manage in a humane and ethical way the stock and productivity of livestock.

3. Good health and wellbeing Instead of treating symptoms, which is the current emphasis of most medical medicine, cure or stop diseases. Within the larger trend towards providing genomic medicine, studying the genetic make-up of a person will determine whether a patient will respond well to a drug treatment and allow targeted treatments that reduce unpleasant or harmful side effects.  
6. Clean Water and Sanitation Dissimal and removal by gene editing tools and systems biology of the persistent xenobiotic portion from water have emerged as the outstanding alternative. To overcome the difficulties in the field of bio-remediation of recalcitrant substances from the environment, several bioremediation approaches are present.
7. Affordable and clean energy Develop new sources of energy by allowing organisms to generate biofuels more effectively, such as bio ethanol. This would help minimize reliance on energy sources that are not renewable or detrimental to the environment, such as fossil fuels.
13. Climate action To enhance the use of photosynthesis, gene editing plants may become even more effective in trapping and sequestering carbon from the air.

 

Conclusion:

Advances in genome editing methods have opened new doors to what genome editing can do to solve medicine, agriculture, and beyond problems. CRISPR has fully revolutionized what genome editing, by growing the pace and scope of research, will mean for our future. In its role in drug development, diagnostics, and gene drives, we are already feeling the impact of CRISPR, just to name a few. At this pace, don’t be shocked if in the near future you see more discussion about genome editing. 

  1. Indian Institute of Technology Madras

IIT Madras has topped the list for the top Biotechnology colleges in India. The department of Biotechnology was established in the year 2004 offering interdisciplinary research in Biological Sciences, Biological Engineering, Computational Biology, and Chemical Biology. The institutes offer two dual degree programs namely B.tech/M.tech  in Biological Engineering. It is the best college one can opt for making a career in Biotechnology, recently It has got funding which has been used to put up a cutting-edge facility towards biotechnology research. This top tier institute also provides a Master of Science (MS) by research and Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) degrees.

  1. Dr. B. Lal Institute of Technology-

Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology is one of the fastest-growing and developing institutes in Jaipur. It’s a top-tier college for Biotechnology in the whole Rajasthan state. Affiliated to the University of Rajasthan, the academic programs it provides are M.Sc. Biotechnology, M.Sc. Microbiology, B.Sc. Biotechnology and Paramedical Sciences. Founded in 2015,  the college not just offers the best of theoretical knowledge but also conducts various industrial training programs that enhance practical knowledge in the students. Institutes has an excellent record of placements, many reputed and leading organizations collaborate with the institute for training and internship program. Interested students who want to make a career in Biotechnology can directly apply online from the website.

  1. Indian Institute of Science Bengaluru

Undoubtedly, India’s one of the most prominent institutes that promise advanced research and education in the field of Science and engineering. IISc was established in the year 1909 and with no time it has grown into a top-notch college in Bengaluru. The department of Biological Science is known for its research work, innovation, and providing the best of education to undergraduates and graduates. The departments it has under Biotechnology Sciences are Biochemistry, Molecular Reproduction, Centre for Ecological Sciences Molecular Biophysics, Development & Genetics, Microbiology & Cell Biology, and Centre for Neuroscience (BS).

  1. Indian Institute of Technology Delhi

Among fifteen IITs, It is one of the prominent Institute which excels in training, research, and development in the field of science, engineering, and technology In India.  The Biotechnical department’s research work of this leading institute plays an important role in the evolution of the biochemical engineering discipline in the country. IIT Delhi offers a B.Tech(Bachelor Of Technology) in Biotechnology and Biochemical Engineering. It also provides a Dual-degree Program of B.tech & M.tech in the same. You can also do an MS(Master Of Science) in Biotechnology and Biochemical Engineering. Students can also enroll for Ph.D(in Biochemical Engineering and Biotechnology) in this very prominent college in India.

  1. Indian Institute of Technology Bombay

The BSBE, Department of Biosciences and Bioengineering of IIT Bombay is working intending to provide top-quality education and engage its students in the research activities in the field of Biosciences and Bioengineering that can make an international impact. Institute prepares its students to be future leaders in the field of Biosciences and Bioengineering. The Faculty here are of best of all with great educational background and knowledge, currently, the department has 27 of members. At present, the department program is consists of the M.Sc. Biotechnology which is fully supported by the Dept. of Biotechnology, GOI), M.Tech Biomedical Engineering, integrated M.Sc. – Ph.D. and Ph.D. program.

  1. Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur

The Department Of Biotechnology was set up in the year 1986, initially, it had offered B. Tech in Biotechnology & Biochemical Engineering, later it added many more programs. The department offers a curriculum that fulfills the intellectual requirement of UG and PG students. The students here are under the best of faculty and mentors under which they learn. The institute has got recognition in the research work of the following fields: Molecular biology, immune technology, Plant Biotechnology, Microbial technology, Bioprocess engineering, Biomaterial and Tissue engineering, structural Biology, and Bioinformatics, etc.

Biotechnology

Biotechnology, a technology that was developed to utilize the biological system to make human life easier.

In simple words, the technology is based on biology to improve our lives effectively by creating products to enhance human life on the planet. Not only this, it prevails long term benefits to our planet and us, by going sustainable in agriculture production, drug production, fuels, and chemicals, etc.

Apart from improving human and planet life, Biotechnology has also proven to be one of the fastest pacing employment providing sectors in India as well as across the globe.

Ways in which Biotechnology is transforming human life 

The world is changing drastically, developing in every sector, and by growing at this speed human needs are also increasing rapidly, and that’s where biotechnology is playing a huge role- providing solutions for our day-to-day needs.

Sustainable Bioproduction of energy and fuels

It’s brutal but this is a stated fact that humans have consumed more than 50% of the fossils which are not renewable and that leads to the warming of our planet. Biotechnology works toward artificial biosynthesis which is a process in which living organisms are used to create these non-renewable resources for our day to day life such as fuel.

Modified food production

With the promptly increasing human needs for every resource, food is one of the major need for our living and the production of crops with the old methods for a huge population is not an easy task. Hence, by Genetic Modification of crops, the agricultural sector has improved drastically from the year 2011 and fulfilling humans need in every country. Biotechnology is something which is used by developing and developed countries too for the production of food and other agriculture activities.

Carbon dioxide as a raw material

Of course, you must have read about this in your secondary classes about solar energy, gobar gas, etc. Carbon dioxide is fugitive to the planet and biotechnology works towards converting waste energy for our benefits such as generating fuel and energy.

Brisk and rapid growth in the production of vaccines and medication

Yes, vaccines and medication, we all know how important it is in today’s world to have proper medication facilities available. If we talk about today’s time, how patiently we all are waiting for the COVID-19 vaccine because as a human we all want to be on a safer side and protected from all these diseases which are spreading. Biotechnology has been prominent to these advances, this technology helps to fight the disease in our body by targeting specific cells, boost the capacity of the human body, etc. The medical sector needs biotechnology the most as human life depends on it.

 

For all the young minds and fresh brains looking for the best options to use their knowledge of biotechnology after 12th, here is one perfect article for you.

What is Biotechnology?

Blending your knowledge of biology with technology is what Biotechnology is.

In simple words, it is a “Biology” based technology which involves organisms and living systems for developing products and technologies to enhance human life and the overall health of our planet Earth

Scope In Biotechnology:

Biotechnology offers an ample amount of opportunities for its UG and PG students. This sector is growing at a fast pace and it’s one of the popular multidisciplinary Science-branch amongst students who have cleared high secondary education with “Science” as the main subject and wish to apply for a career in the field.

The exciting career opportunities and vast scope of biotechnology allures students who want to step into the diverse and continuously evolving sector of Science. People usually have this misconception that a science student’s career is restricted to become a doctor(which is quite a tough job to get into). But no, there are plenty of other professions and career paths one can choose for himself/herself. The wide scope of Biotechnology provides many remunerative career opportunities that give you fatter pay cheques as well. As it is an emerging career field, year by year we are seeing new job roles in various sectors, biotechnology has its role in almost every sector, it touches almost every industry. Areas, where Biotechnology applies, are pharmaceutical, food, nutrition, textiles, manufacturing, agriculture, animal husbandry, and many more.

The opportunities are both in the research and engineering field, one can choose according to interest, capabilities and learning will. Students willing to choose Biotechnology as their career path can go for various diploma courses and other programs.

The main 4 Categories in which Biotechnology courses are categorized are:

  • Diploma Courses (Biotechnology)
  • Graduate Courses (Biotechnology)
  • Post Graduate( Biotechnology)
  • Ph.D. (Biotechnology)
  1. Diploma In Biotechnology:
  • B.Tech. + M.Tech. (Biotechnology): It’s a dual degree course to make a career in the field of Biological Science & Technology, the duration will be of 5 years.
  • Diploma in Biotechnology Engineering: A diploma program which is for three years and can be opted after completion of 12th.
  1. Biotechnology Courses to be Opt after10+2 
  • Bachelor of Science(Biotechnology)
  • Bachelor of Engineering(Biotechnology)
  • Bachelor of Science in Advanced Zoology
  • Bachelor of Science in Zoology and Animal Biotechnology
  • Bachelor of Science in Applied Biotechnology
  • Bachelor of Science (Honours) in Biotechnology
  • Bachelor of Technology in Molecular & Cellular Engineering
  • Bachelor of Technology in Bioprocess Technology
  • Bachelor of Technology in Biotechnology
  • Bachelor of Science in Medical Biotechnology
  • Bachelor of Technology in Industrial Microbiology
  1. Postgraduate Programs in Biotechnology 
  • M.Sc. in Medical Biotechnology
  • M.Sc. in Biotechnology
  • M.tech in Biotechnology
  • M.Sc. Nanobiotechnology
  • M.E in Bio Informatics
  • M.Tech in BioProcess Engineering
  • M.tech in Industrial Biotechnology 
  1. Ph.D.:

It is a Doctorate course in Biotechnology which usually takes3-5 years to complete. In the course duration, a student has to study a subject like recent Trends in Biotechnology, Research Methodology, Scientific Communication, etc. And after the completion, the person has career prospects like Assistant Professor in Biotechnology, Medical Scientist, Biochemist, Microbiologist, Biomanufacturing Specialist, Medical Communication Specialist, Product Manager, etc. Ph.D. is the highest degree one can have, also it gives a chance to change lives with your research work and innovations.

Final Words-

Biotechnology is the fastest evolving career field for the students. If you are also one of the talented brains wishing to establish a shining career in biotechnology, feel free to contact us.

Just got completed with your 10+2 exams? Wish to pursue your further education in biotechnology. Hey, you’ve reached the right platform. This article is about the list of best biotechnology colleges in Rajasthan. We have curated this list with the research and surveys. Have a read and decide the best biotechnology college to add shining stars to your career.

The term biotechnology is just too vast and diverse in itself. It is used in all the major industries including agriculture, pharmacy, medicines, treatment, food production, and many more. In today’s world, biotechnology has become a pivotal part of our lives and this technology has made our lives easier and provided us with such efficient products.

Top colleges of Biotechnology in Rajasthan 

Dr. B. Lal Institute to Biotechnology

The B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology is owned by Dr. B.LAL with the vision to be a resourceful education center. The university specifically provides education in the science background, providing B.S.C in Biotechnology a 3-year course, M.S C in Biotechnology a 2-year course, and M.S.C Microbiology a 2-year program with the required quality training to the students for creating a strong foundation for their careers in biotechnology.

The University not only focuses on proficiency in the books, but it also concentrates on consistent academic research, industrial collaboration to provide the best training in Industrial Biotechnology and prepare the students for their placements.

Amity University

The Amity University is located in Jaipur, Rajasthan. The University was established in the year 2008 and is a private (not-for-profit) University. The University aims at providing value-based education to the students which prepare them for their career. The university is well known for the quality of education it has provided in the past years and now earned goodwill in the education sector so profoundly and is named in the Top Colleges of Rajasthan.

The University is been Awarded as the Best University Campus in the year 2014. It was also included in the top 20 Indian private universities and was honored with many other awards for its best service in the education sector.

The university provides students with all the facilities such as 120-Hitech labs, 3100 seaters for students on the campus, Library, etc.

Jaipur National University (JNU)

JNU is located in the capital of Rajasthan, Jaipur. The university was established in the year 2007 by an ordinance passed by the Government of Rajasthan, with the motive of providing quality education to the youth of India.

JNU has gained faith by providing quality education in biotechnology for years. The university offers diversified education i.e in all sectors of education to prepare India’s youth to be competent enough in the modern world.

Kanoria P.G Mahila Mahavidyalaya

TheKanoriaPG Mahila Mahavidyalaya was established in the year1965 and it was the very first institution in Higher Education for girls from the government of Rajasthan. The college has grown in the past years and built a reputation in the education sector. It is affiliated with the University of Rajasthan and a privately owned university. It is a girl’s college in Jaipur which provide undergraduate course like B.S.c Biotechnology, B.A, B.COM, B.C.A, B.S.c Maths, etc.

Mohanlal Sukhadiya University

The University is located in Udaipur, Rajasthan. It was established in the year 1964 and is also called as University-of Udaipur. Rajasthan. The university consists of 4 different colleges and 60 affiliated colleges. In the past years, the University has built strong grounds in the education sector and is providing undergraduate degrees in various backgrounds.

 

Biotechnology is a vast field that has its utilities in many fields and industries. In recent years biotechnology has greatly increased the graph of its contribution to unconventional sectors. This increases career opportunities for Biotechnology graduates. Now, Biotechnology graduates can get jobs in the Agriculture field, medicine, medicinal research, industrial research, animal husbandry, and sciences, textile, food industry, cosmetic and nutrition industry, environmental solutions, soil ecology, etc.

If you are also fresh out of or doing MSc. In Biotechnology then consider the following job opportunities:

In India

Biotechnology applications prevail in many fields in India. More popular sectors where MSc. holders in biotechnology can find jobs in:

  • Drug and pharmaceutical research
  • Government research establishments
  • Food-processing industry
  • Energy conservational and production
  • BIO-processing industry
  • Waste management

Private drug and food companies are a great place to start a biotechnology career in the corporate sector. Biotechnologist professionals are always in demand in these private companies and also get a very good salary package.

One very unconventional sector that is marketing is also an option because of the private companies’ interest in developing and finding sectors and markets where their products would be required.

Job profiles:

  • Medical scientists
  • R&D and process development scientist
  • Biomedical engineer
  • Epidemiologists
  • Microbiologists
  • Bioproduction Operators
  • Lab technicians – DNA, IVF, Prosthetic, organ transplant, etc.
  • Genetic counselors
  • Zoologist
  • biochemical engineer
  • Chemical engineer technician
  • Food safety analysts
  • Quality analyst- food, soil, plant, chemical, dermatology products

Top employers:

Government active Research establishments

  1. The Government of India national Biotechnology Board
  2. The Department of Science and Technology
  3. Council for Scientific and Industrial Research
  4. Indian Council for Agricultural Research
  5. Defense Research Development Organization
  6. Biotechnology Consortium of India Ltd.

To get hired in a government research organization you might need to appear and clear some exams of the organizations.

Private biotechnology companies

  1. Biocon
  2. Serum Institute of India
  3. Novo Nordisk
  4. GlaxoSmithKline Pharmaceuticals Ltd.
  5. Panacea Biotech Ltd.
  6. Zydus Cadila

Abroad

Abroad has more chances of landing you a good job after an MSc. in biotechnology. Foreign countries have many research establishments and organizations dedicated to biotechnology directly or indirectly. Industrial research positions in industries like food processing, pharmaceuticals, agricultural production and development, DNA research laboratories, medical research laboratories, pharmacy companies, etc. are the most ideal for the MSc. holders as they have a piece of more advanced knowledge in their fields.

Abroad has a more developed outlook and market on uses of biotechnology in more industries and hence can be a bit more expansive for employment options and versatility.

Following are the roles you can expect to get in abroad

  • Medical scientist
  • Bio-manufacturing scientist
  • Medical and clinical lab technologists
  • Environmental hazard management
  • Biological technologist
  • R&D scientists
  • Biophysicists
  • Microbiologist
  • Epidemiologists
  • Biomechanics scientists
  • Bioinformatics researcher

Top biotechnology companies abroad

  1. Amgen
  2. Biogen Idec
  3. Serono
  4. Gilead Sciences
  5. Genzyme
  6. Cephalon
  7. CSL Australia

Teaching is also an option as you require a master’s degree and eligible to teach younger students in biotechnology colleges. It is for those who do not want to enter any of the before-mentioned job profiles but still in the biotech field.