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Each microbiologist possesses an own set of abilities. Furthermore, the microbiology area offers a wide range of job prospects, as do the people who work there. Positions in a laboratory might span from Laboratory Assistant to Director of Research, according to your expertise and degree.

According to B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology, the listing of the importance of microbiology in specific sectors and in daily life discussed in this blog includes something for everyone, whether you’re a college student who appreciates microbiology but isn’t sure what path to take or a seasoned microbiologist seeking for a new challenge. Let’s have a look.

  • Medical Sciences.

Microorganisms can help and hurt human and animal cells. Virus, microbes, fungal spores, and parasites are examples of microorganisms. Medical microbiology is critical for a variety of reasons. Microbiologists may recognize, isolate, diagnose, and prevent harmful germs using their medical microbiology skills. They can also create antibacterial medications by modifying helpful microbes.

  • Nursing.

Microbiology expertise in nursing is critical for infection control and prevention in hospitals. Microbiology expertise is essential for nurses and other healthcare professionals because it provides them with a wealth of information on health and cleanliness. Nurses and other healthcare personnel can learn how illnesses spread and how to appropriately cure or operate on an open wound without infecting it using microbiological expertise.

  • Food Industry.

Bacteria, moulds, and yeasts are all microorganisms involved in food microbiology. Bacteria are primarily responsible for food poisoning and spoilage, as well as a variety of human gut disorders. A variety of microbial isolated strains are utilized to make food and milk-based products. Streptococcus thermophiles, Bifidobacterium sp., and Lactobacillus bulgaricus are among the microorganisms that have been identified.

  • Fuels.
  • Biodiesel: Microalgae could be a good source of oil for biodiesel manufacturing. They also have a higher concentration of lipids, which are used as a raw material in biodiesel synthesis.
  • Ethanol and Butanol: Microalgae have a lot of cellulose, starch, sorbitol, agar, and laminarin, all of which are processed into alcohol (ethanol and butanol). Chlorella, Chlamydomonas, Dunaliella, Scenedesmus, and Spirulina are some of the microalgae that make up this group.
  • Biotechnology. 

Microorganisms are employed in numerous biotechnological applications. By decomposing complex organic matter, bacteria are utilized in the fermentation industry to make ethanol, organic acids, vinegar, and fermented meals. In molecular biology and recombinant DNA technology, microbes (for example, viruses) are employed to make molecular vectors such as plasmids, phagemids, and cosmids.

We conclude of Microbiology as a science that studies the aesthetics, respiration, metabolism, reproduction, and genetics of microorganisms in order to gain and expand our fundamental knowledge of them. This is how microbiology affects several industries. In the coming years, you are going to witness a variety of additional microbiological applications that will be extremely valuable to all of us in every possible way of sustenance of life. 

So, you are in search of a private institute to fulfill the criteria of your respective career needs? We understand that. That is probably the reason you are on this site. Don’t worry, since you have stumbled upon the right blog and we will let you be aware of the details you might be looking forward to knowing of. 

Here, at the B.Lal Institute of Biotechnology, certain specific UG and PG courses are proffered based on the core subjects of Biotechnology and Microbiology to those aspiring to build their career in the field. For those yearning to put up with Microbiology, our institute is reliable and worthy to be given a chance. 

However, to make you understand why and how we have underlined a few features of our institute that you would believe can aid you in your entire UG or PG period.

  • Quality Education.

Students who are looking to pursue Microbiology as their core ground whether UG or PG can satisfyingly register at our Institute of BIBT. That is because the education we provide relevant to microbiology is conceptualized qualitatively. The foundation of the concepts is focused upon initially, with an approach to a fruitful teaching environment. Then the student learns to base those concepts on the knowledge provided and attempt it to perfect in laboratory skills. The team at BIBT guides the students in the direction of exposure to the best practices of research and industry. 

  • Holistic Development.

When we talk about the development practices in the subject of Microbiology, BIBT will not fail you. The faculty at our institute is generalized to focus on throwing light on the importance of leadership skills, gross interpersonal skills, and organizational behavior. We combine these efforts with the ethical principles and values that a student must build their grounds on. 

  • Adept Faculty. 

The Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology is powered by a faculty of over 50 active, skilled professors and researchers. A diverse group of competent faculty members who serve our learners as well as our research efforts. 

  • Career Development.

The Career Development Cell (CDC) of the Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology works closely with learners and staff to arrange appropriate qualifications, educate them for their academic careers, and empower them to make educated career decisions. It primarily emphasizes career counseling, industry connection, mentorship for research programs, and entrepreneurship guidance. 

  • Research Foundation.

Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology has well-structured coordination between education and training organizations around the country, which is the foundation of economic and sustainable development.

At B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology, the environment is cooperative and suitable for every kind of personality type of the students. The research component of BIBT is quite substantial. Faculty members are highly approachable, as you may ask for help at any moment from any of them, and they would gladly assist you. Extracurricular activities at BIBT make students tougher, wiser, and more courageous in an environment that is clean, cool, and familiar.

Since its inception in 2008, Jaipur has been home to the Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology (BIBT). It is affiliated with the University of Rajasthan under the direction of the Shri Krishna Education Society. Academically and personally, students at BIBT are encouraged to grow in both their professional and personal spheres.

All of these organizations, as well as the Department of Science and Technology at the University of Maryland and Biotech Consortium India Limited at the University of Maryland, work together to promote high-quality education in the fields of science, medicine, and engineering at this institution.

Discussion and debate flourish at BIBT because of the friendly and open atmosphere. Students and faculty alike can expect a high degree of support from the staff members, including counselors, research assistants, assistant professors, and associate professors.

In addition, well-known researchers visit the institute on a regular basis to speak with the students and faculty members. Industrial biotechnology courses are also offered at the state and national levels by the institute.

Additional financing is provided to students via the BIBT Center for Innovation, Research & Development, which works with a variety of funding agencies to help them attend seminars and conferences. There is a “Mini Incubator Scheme” in place at the institute to assist young people who have unique ideas to start their own enterprises.

Environmentally friendly and long-term sustainable infrastructure are hallmarks of the BIBT campus, which spans 0.3 acres. The institute rigorously prohibits smoking and the usage of tobacco on its property. A command and control center monitors the area 24 hours a day, seven days a week via video surveillance.

Every classroom on campus is spacious, air-conditioned, and equipped with a variety of audio-visual teaching aids that can be used during presentations and lectures. An additional department is responsible for overseeing campus placements as well as long-term planning at the institute.

BIBT Courses

The Biotechnology and Health Sciences department at the university offers a BSc and an MSc degree, each lasting three and two years, respectively. 

BIBT Placements

The Central Planning Cell (CPC) at BIBT helps students find jobs in line with the country’s shifting socio-economic landscape. The cell also serves as a resource for students looking to continue their education, find internships and jobs, or start their own businesses.

Additional functions include connecting final-year students with organizations and businesses. The institute sends out invitations to companies as part of the placement process. In return, these businesses express a desire to participate in the pre-placement process.

The placement cell receives a resume from interested students and conducts a series of screening procedures. The CPC of the university distributes letters of offer to selected students. As an example of an esteemed employer, BIBT has the honor of working with ICICI Bank and Dr. B Lal Pharmacy, among others.

Conclusion

BIBT is one of the best in Bsc Biotechnology because of its good faculty, studies, and full placements. Established in 2008 as a biotechnology research institute named after Dr. B. Lal, The Shri Krishna Education Society manages it as an affiliate of the University of Rajasthan. BIBT’s friendly and open atmosphere encourages debate and discussion. 

The BIBT campus is known for its environmentally friendly and long-term sustainable infrastructure. The area is constantly monitored by a command and control center via video surveillance. Audiovisual aids are available in all classrooms, as well as a well-ventilated space.

In-demand abilities for microbiologists

  • Patience is a vital virtue.
  • Focus on the finer points
  • Decisiveness
  • Independence
  • Very good computer skills
  • Analytical and numerical abilities
  • The ability to work as a team
  • The ability to communicate

Qualifications and experience are expected of applicants.

A bachelor’s degree in a field such as biology, applied biology, microbial science, microbiology, or a related field such as biological or biomedical science is required in order to pursue a career as a microbiologist.

Some employers may demand an appropriate postgraduate qualification. An integrated master’s degree, such as an MBiolSci, an MBiol, or an MSc, is something that can be pursued by students. 

These are intended to prepare students for more postgraduate study, such as a doctoral degree, and are an excellent choice for individuals who are interested in pursuing a career in research. 

Following the completion of your degree, you will be required to participate in the scientific training programme, also known as the STP. The submission of applications for the STP will normally begin in the month of January.

Scotland has its own unique training programmes, each of which requires participants to complete either a three-year STP or a similar programme.

After successfully completing the STP, you will be eligible to submit an application to the Academy of Healthcare Science for a certificate of accomplishment. The Health and Care Professions Council will be able to process your application for registration as a result of this (HCPC).

In order to work as a clinical scientist in the UK, one needs to be registered with the Health and Care Professions Council (HCPC). 

You will be automatically eligible to apply for registration if you have graduated from a course that has been approved by the HCPC; however, you will be required to pay a fee for the HCPC to process your application in addition to a registration fee; however, the registration fee will be reduced by fifty percent if you graduated from an approved course within the past two years.

Experience conducting research and working in a laboratory, whether paid or unpaid, is beneficial. There are certain pharmaceutical businesses that provide paid internship opportunities throughout the summer, and the Association of the British Pharmaceutical Industry (ABPI) lists many of these companies (ABPI). 

Both the Microbiology Society and the Society for Applied Microbiology provide a selection of awards to undergraduate and graduate students who are interested in gaining some practical experience in the field of microbiology.

Conclusion 

This position requires a bachelor’s degree in biology or a related field, such as applied biology, microbial science, or microbiology. Students can pursue an integrated master’s degree, such as MBiolSci, MBiol, or MSc. 

In most years, the STP application process begins in January. In order to work as a clinical scientist in the UK, you must be registered with the Health and Care Professions Council (HCPC). Some pharmaceutical companies offer summer internships that are paid. Students interested in gaining hands-on experience in the microbiology field can apply for awards from the Microbiology Society and the Society for Applied Microbiology.

In the world we live in today, bacteria and viruses pose a threat to the very life of humans, and most of us are still baffled as to how minuscule organisms could possibly be capable of such a thing. 

The majority of us are content to merely speculate before moving on. Are you one of those people who has a genuine interest in learning about the myriad of different microorganisms that exist, such as bacteria, fungi, algae, and others, and the ways in which these organisms truly influence the surrounding environment? 

If this sounds like something that interests you, you will be pleased to learn that it is now possible to make a living doing it. You did indeed hear it correctly! This article will provide you with all of the information that you require concerning the possibility of making a living as a microbiologist.

In what ways does microbiology differ from other branches of science?

Microbiology studies microorganisms. If you’re wondering why microbiology needs its own field, look around you. Every year, a virus kills people. There’s the Coronavirus now, Ebola in 2015, and more to come. They play a critical role in understanding these viruses to protect our community from future outbreaks. Really?

Microbiologists help us comprehend hazardous and useful microbes. Other microbes aid in digestion and protect us from infections. How would you tell the difference without microbiologists? That’s why Microbiology has recently become one of the most sought-after careers.

Microbiology Careers

Microbiology is a large field with many job options. After earning a Microbiology degree, you’ll have many chances. Here is a list of careers in Microbiology to give you an idea:

  • Microbiologist

Microbiologists study microorganisms and their life processes. This highly sought-after Microbiology career path involves studying the biology of bacteria at the molecular and cellular levels. Agriculture, biotechnology, the environment, education, pharmaceuticals, and hospitals need you.

  • Immunologist

Immunologists treat allergies and immune system problems. An immunologist treats all immune-system illnesses. They research the immune system to protect it from dangerous microorganisms. They research the effects of tiny substances on the body to find a remedy.

  • Mycologist

Mycology studies fungi’s positive and negative effects on the human body. Some fungi cause illnesses, while others are employed to manufacture machinery. Mycologists spend effort delineating fungi.

  • Professor/Lecturer

Isn’t education the obvious choice? Because your lecturers taught you Microbiology. According to their expertise, they educate pupils in Microbiology-related disciplines. If you liked how your teachers taught and wanted to do the same or modify it, read this. This might be your calling. If you did Msc Microbiology then it is very helpful to get a high salary job as a lecturer.

Conclusion 

Take a look at these career opportunities for those who are interested in learning about the myriad of different microorganisms that exist, such as bacteria, fungi, algae, and others. After earning a Microbiology degree, you’ll have many opportunities in the field. MSc Microbiology is one of the most sought-after careers in Microbiology. Mycology studies fungi’s positive and negative effects on the human body. An immunologist treats all immune-system illnesses to find a remedy.

Due to COVID-19, all global activity has stopped. Everyone trusts medical consultants. Biotechnology experts are also expected to restore normalcy to people’s lives.

A degree in biotechnology engineering is the best choice for today’s society, which is constantly challenged. Biotechnology graduates may miss out on opportunities in the future.

Before pursuing a degree in biotechnology, consider your interest in mathematics, technology, biology, and chemistry.

What exactly does “Biotechnology Engineering” mean?

Modern times demand evolution. An evolution that combines biological research and technology innovation. Do you want to learn more about biotechnology engineering? Please read.

Biotechnology Engineering is one of the most innovative and fruitful sectors of science and technology. This category focuses on increasing human existence through product and technology creation using physics, chemistry, biology, engineering, and mathematics.

The main areas of research in biotechnology engineering include medical, agriculture, energy, and the environment.

Biotechnology degree benefits

Biotechnology has many benefits. The scope of biotechnology courses is also expected to expand in the coming years. Science is expanding quickly to generate human-beneficial technologies. So choosing Biotechnology as a primary career option is a wise choice for your future.

Biotechnology’s top 7 benefits

1. A strong educational basis

Biotechnology Engineering is a popular subject that teaches innovative biotechnology technologies. The latest techniques and technology are required to avoid sinking in such a realm. It makes you more flexible.

2. Career advancement

Biotechnology is a broad course. Professional growth is possible with a wide range of courses. Updating your knowledge and abilities can help your career. The best college for B.Tech biotechnology lets you acquire important positions for tech-savvy individuals.

3. Future-focused

You can work anywhere. Biotechnology course scope is promising in private and government sectors. Choosing the best area for your interests and skills can boost your career.

4. Can boost multiple industries

A biotechnology expert can help create several industries. One can work in pharmaceutical, manufacturing, cell biology, gene therapy, agricultural, environmental applications, and more. They can study any important subject to improve humanity.

5. Develops professional contacts

Professionals understand the significance of biotechnology and gain skills. While taking the course, you can build your network and earn a decent job. Internships and industry exposures improve professional networks.

6. Careers

Those interested in a career in biotechnology have many options. Infinite gateways would evolve quickly. You could be a biochemist, biomedical engineer, bio-manufacturing specialist, clinical technician, medical scientist, or microbiologist. Find the best B. Tech biotechnology institutes in Delhi NCR, UP, and prepare for emerging possibilities.

7.Job security

Biotechnology is one of the most recession-proof careers today. The practice helps one cope with uncertain situations and devise solutions for social uplift.

Conclusion

Engineering is one of science and technology’s most innovative fields. Biotechnology engineering research focuses on medicine, agriculture, energy, and the environment. Graduates who don’t study biotechnology may miss out on opportunities. The best B.Tech biotechnology school helps you land tech-savvy jobs. Private and government biotechnology courses are promising.  One of the best biotechnology institute is B Lal Institute of Biotechnology. 

Biotechnology is the branch of science that uses biochemistry, biology, and genetics principles to the development of useful products and the betterment of human health. Biotechnologists aim to use their fundamental biological knowledge of cells, proteins, and genes to develop new processes, enhance existing processes, or manufacture specific goods. They may specialise in a specific field of biotechnology, such as pharmaceutical or plant biotechnology, or operate in a variety of industries, such as food or bio waste treatment.

Biotechnology is a rapidly expanding area, and the demand for qualified biotechnology experts is likely to rise even faster in the coming decade.

Biotechnology is also extremely important in the field of education. Professorial positions in many disciplines, as well as PhD programmes with stipends. Many overseas companies seek biotechnology graduates for roles like:

  • Medical Laboratory Scientist
  • Director – Drug Manufacturing Operations
  • Cell Therapy Scientist
  • Laboratory technician Microbiology
  • Cell Culture Analyst

There are many government and private companies that recruit biotechnologists. Some Job roles in both private and government sectors are:

  • Research Interns- R&D Jobs
  • Safety Expert
  • Bioinformist
  • Clinical Research Jobs
  • Scientific Writer
  • Biotech Specialist

Salary packages in the government sector for B.Sc. biotechnology graduates

Graduates with a B.Sc. in Biotechnology will find work in the government sector.. The following are some of the most popular government job roles available to B.Sc. in Biotechnology graduates:-

JOBS                           JOB POSITION     SALARY PER ANNUM
1.

2.

3.

                         Epidemiologist 

                         Project leader

                         Biostatistician

    INR 6 LPA

    INR  14.1 LPA

    INR 5.5 LPA

Private Jobs for B.Sc. Biotechnology Graduates

There are several fields where a B.Sc. Biotechnology graduates can work. These include hospitals, pharmaceuticals, food production firms, clinical research firms, laboratories, consultation agencies.. Following is the list of some private jobs.

JOBS                     JOB POSITION SALARY PER ANNUM
1.

2. 

3.

                   Medical coder

                 Research associate

         Biotechnology instructor

INR 4.5 LPA

INR 3.5 LPA

INR 5.4 LPA

Top firms that recruit Biotechnologists

  • Reliance Life Sciences
  • Glaxosmithkline
  • Biocon
  • Cipla
  • Cadila Healthcare
  • Ranbaxy

Other B.Sc. Biotechnology jobs

  • All India Biotech Association- Government
  • Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology – Government
  • Biotech Consortium India Limited- Government
  • Agriculture Sector- Government
  • Research Interns- R&D Jobs- private
  • Safety Expert- private
  • Bioinformist- private
  • Clinical Research Jobs- private
  • Production Jobs in Pharma Industry- private
  • Scientific Writer- private
  • Biotech Specialist- private

 

Author 

MUSKAN JHA

BSC BIOTECHNOLOGY PART 2

Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology, Jaipur

We all become aware of various types of trends based on all elements of life as a result of our interconnected environment. Some trends are peculiar, while others are amusing, and it appears that the esoteric world of science is no exception. With the COVID-19 craze still going strong, advancements in one field of research are getting more attention than others. This domain ‘integrates natural sciences with engineering sciences in order to produce technologies and products that draw inspiration from numerous biological systems existing in our environment for the greater good.’

As you may have guessed, we’re talking about Biotechnology, which isn’t a new branch of study, but the COVID-19 epidemic has brought the importance of this somewhat obscure realm of science to our attention. To emphasize the rapid rate of progress in Biotechnology, we’ve put up a list of the hottest trends and innovations for 2022.

Before we begin, we’d like to point out that, in order to provide you with the most accurate research, all “trends” are ranked on two scales: present relevance and worldwide investment. In addition, one recent innovation in each area is shown, because what good is a trend if it doesn’t foster innovation?

1. Precision Medicines 

Precision medicines are one of the biotechnology megatrends, thanks to recently developed advanced tools like CRISPR gene editing and enhanced gene sequencing techniques. Precision medicines, as opposed to conventional medicines, allow for individualized treatment based on a person’s genetics. Furthermore, researchers can improve or generate future precision medicines by analyzing the influence of past precision medicines on highly specific gene pools, which aids in the development of newer precision medications.

In the year 2020, the pharmaceutical industry will have received a total investment of $200 billion USD for the research and development of new precision pharmaceuticals around the world.

Latest Innovation in Precision Medicine 

Researchers at companies like Moderna, BioNtech, and Pfizer are aiming to apply mRNA technology to oncology, which means that mRNA-based cancer vaccines can be used to detect and eradicate tumor cells.

These tailored cancer vaccinations are created for each patient individually. To distinguish healthy cells from ill cells, the tumor and DNA of the patient are analyzed for mutations. Researchers can develop a very precise mRNA molecule to manufacture the vaccination using AI and machine learning. Once injected into the patient, the mRNA vaccine guides the cells to produce specific proteins that train the immune system to recognise and kill malignant cells. Personalized mRNA vaccines for cancer can be developed in the same time frame as the COVID-19 mRNA vaccines.

2. Artificial Intelligence and Big Data 

Surprised!!? That is how a new subject of computer science might become a biotechnology trend.

Artificial Intelligence (AI) allows biotechnology businesses to automate a wide range of activities, allowing them to scale up their operations. For example, biopharmaceutical entrepreneurs use AI to speed up the drug discovery process, while researchers in domains like proteomics, genomics, and glycomics use AI to decipher the structures and sequencing of these varied sets of proteins.

The fact that humans alone have over 25,000 genes and 1,000,000 proteins is a prime example of Big Data’s existence in biology. Human minds will find it difficult to analyze and make good use of this unstructured data, therefore we will once again turn to AI to extract relevant combinations, models, and other information from this massive data set.

The global total corporate investment in AI reached over 68 billion dollars in 2020, and it is expected to reach 126 billion dollars by 2025.

Latest Innovation in Artificial Intelligence and Big Data 

Converting data, mostly  unstructured data into structured data is a lengthy and demanding process.  Collection of technologies known as Intelligent Process Automation (IPA) have been  developed by major tech companies to automate and immensely speed up this  process with the help of AI.

3. Biofuels

The definition of biofuel in the dictionary is “any fuel obtained from biomass, such as plant or algal material or animal waste.” The presence of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere is increasing, which is a severe problem. In the year 2019, the level of CO2 in the atmosphere reached a new high of roughly 409 ppm (parts per million). Carbon dioxide emissions have also been steadily rising, with an annual increase of 12 billion tonnes of CO2 between 1990 and 2020. With ever-increasing energy demand and rapidly decreasing fossil fuel stocks, the development of efficient biofuels is a must.

Globally, 15.3 billion USD has been invested in research and development of better and more efficient biofuels in the previous five years (2015-2019).

Latest Innovation in Biofuels

Researchers at Columbia University, exploited a type  of bacteria called N. europaea which uses energy released from reactions between  Ammonia and Carbon Dioxide and makes liquid biofuels as byproducts inside of  uniquely called Reverse Microbial Fuel Cells (R-MFC). Similar processes have been  developed at Harvard University in which biofuels are made with the help of a  different type of bacteria called Shewanella.

4. Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicines 

Tissue engineering is a relatively new and emerging branch of biotechnology. The  development of advanced techniques in bioprinting and microfluidics now allow  formation of autologous tissue grafts for various purposes such as organ  transplantation, treating burns and regenerative medicine. Furthemore, tissue  engineering provides alternatives to surgical reconstruction, transplants and other  medical devices that are used to repair damaged tissues.

Previously, tissue engineering was only limited to biomedical applications, plant  tissue cultures, but now these days some companies have also started to engineer  tissues on a small scale as an alternative to direct animal products such as  laboratory meat and laboratory leather etc. However, this area is still in development  and it needs to first reach a larger scale for products to be competitive in price with  directly obtained animal based products.

Tissue engineering can be done by four types of biomaterials namely polymers,  ceramics, metals and composites (blend of above three). The source of these  materials can either be synthetic or natural.

The fusion of cells to biomaterials is called a ‘construct’ and is the foundation of  current tissue engineering. Construct-based conventional tissue engineering  platforms are required because :- 1) Cells need a solid base to grow and proliferate.  2) Tissues need a solid scaffold to keep desired shape. 3) The rigid and porous  scaffold also serves as an inductive and instructive guide that signals for cell  differentiation, migration and orientation in a specific manner. 4) The porous  structure of a solid scaffold will allow cell seeding and vascularisation. 5) The initial  solid and porous scaffold will later get replaced by natural structures through  morphogenesis of parenchymal and stromal cells, inside and outside of the tissue  construct.

The global market size for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine was  estimated at 9.5 billion USD in 2019 alone and is expected to witness a compound  annual growth rate of 18.5% between 2020 to 2027.

Latest Innovation in Tissue Engineering

Apligraf – a bilayered skin substitute – was  the first allogeneic cell based therapy which received permission for sale as a  treatment for venous leg ulcers.

Apligraf is constructed by growing human foreskin-derived neonatal fibroblasts (a  type of stem cells) in a bovine type I collagen matrix over which human foreskin derived neonatal epidermal keratinocytes are then cultured and allowed to stratify.  Still, Apligraf does not directly restore the skin, but transiently protects and provides  injured skin with scaffold and signaling molecules (produced by the cells within the  construct) which fosters and accelerates skin regeneration.

5. Food Biotechnology and Agriculture 

Biotechnology offers a variety of options for improving food quality, such as nutritional content and shelf life, as well as raising agricultural production. These tools include genetic engineering, the use of microbes for specialized purposes, and the mass manufacture of enzymes for food manufacturing, such as catalase enzymes for mayonnaise, chymosin for cheese, and alpha amylase for baking.

The most publicized use of biotechnology in history of food biotechnology and  agriculture is the development of Bt Corn and Bt Cotton respectively which are  genetically modified species, they are exceptionally effective against certain insect  species due to their ability to express a unique bacterial protein from Bacillus  thuringiensis called as ‘Cry’, these proteins are toxic against certain pest insects but  are harmless to mammals and birds. Since then, biotechnology has continually  proven its prowess in improving food quality and agricultural yields.

Investment in Food Biotechnology raised 8.37 billion USD in 2020 alone and experts  estimate that the market will remain headstrong in this evergreen industrial sector.

Latest Innovation in Food Biotechnology and Agriculture

Harnessing the  biodegradable waste products from agriculture is always a top priority in the field of  biofuels as we discussed above. Similarly, putting food waste to good use is another  challenge. For instance, 6 to 8 million metric tons of shellfish waste is produced  every year during the making of seafood. Scientists have found a good use for this  waste by turning the chitin (a heteropolysaccharide) from shells of shellfish in  chitosan, which serves as biodegradable plastic wrap that could be used in food  packaging.

6. Honorable Mention – Biotechnology in mRNAVaccines

There are myriad types of vaccines that have been developed for various purposes  and it’s no secret that all types of vaccine development uses tools present in the  arsenal of biotechnology. Without delving deep into the application of biotechnology  in each type of vaccine, we will just focus on the most recently developed, a new  type of vaccine called ‘mRNA vaccine’.

mRNA vaccines consist of mRNA (messenger RNA), which is encoded by antigen  genes of an infectious agent. When the mRNA from mRNA vaccine is administered  into host cells, it will translate into protein antigens that will invoke protective  immunity against the infectious agent. Vaccines based on mRNA allow quick  responses against pandemic microbe strains as they are easy to mass produce.

One unique feature of mRNA vaccines is that they are able to induce cellular and  humoral immunity equally. Also in comparison to DNA vaccines, mRNA vaccines  offer stronger safety advantages because mRNA vaccines carry only the elements  that are directly required for expression of the encoded proteins and rarely interact  with the genome. Because any protein can be encoded and expressed by mRNA,  mRNA vaccines offer maximum flexibility with respect to vaccine production, and  principally enable the development of prophylactic and therapeutic vaccines fighting  against infections and cancers.

Latest Innovation in mRNA Vaccines 

mRNA COVID-19 vaccines, a precision  medicine, is evidently also an latest example of mRNA vaccines.

Conclusion

Finally, the number of biotechnology applications is vast and inexhaustible. Biotechnology’s varied contributions appear to have an impact on and enhance every element of life. With these trends accelerating in the field of biotechnology, I hope I’ve persuaded you why biotechnology occupies the highest echelon in the auditorium of applied sciences, and how biotechnology sharpens and exploits every biological system on the planet, from bacteria to higher echelons of eukaryotes, to provide an endless stream of innovations that make life a little easier step by step.

 

Author: Priyesh Avasthi

College: Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology

Course: M.Sc. Microbiology, Semester – 1

Biotechnology is now becoming one of the best assets to this ever-changing human world. Biotechnology is one of the most reliable answers to the dangerous question of climate change. Using energy efficient farming, carbon sequestration, and reducing synthetic fertilizer use. Planting genetically modified crops are better than regular crops as they have shown reduction in green house gases emitted.

This reduction isn’t a negligible reduction. In 2012, greenhouse gas emissions were reduced to the equivalent of removing 27 billion kg of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, which is equivalent to removing 11.9 million cars from the road.  Green biotechnology is in use extensively these days as they allow production of more fertile and more resistant plant and with the help of efficient farming production of biofuel from traditional crops has help to reduce the adverse effects of transport sector.  Hence, reducing the total carbon emission from atmosphere and helping planet to cool down.

Also Read: Global Warming’s Impact on Infectious Diseases

As we all know that fossil fuel which we use so extensively are also playing a huge hand in increasing air pollution and according to a report is estimated to kill millions of people each year, but thanks to the modern achievements made by biotechnology we are now shifting to “Biofuels”. Utilizing the natural breaking down abilities of microorganisms can generate biofuels from agricultural and forestry wastes. The use of Biofuels should be encouraged so that :

  • The carbon emission will reduce.
  • To prevent the depletion of fossil fuels.

In comparison with diesel, biodiesel provides 93% more usable energy, reduces greenhouse gas emissions by 41%, reduces several major air pollutants, and has very little impact on human and environmental health, including nitrogen, phosphorus, and pesticide relief.

With the rise of industrial growth the creation of new materials was needed because of the scarcity of natural resources that’s when plastic came. One of the main reasons why plastic became so famous is due to the fact that it was easy to manufacture, it was cheap, and it was easy to avail but due to the growth of plastic, plastic pollution was inevitable, and thus the world witnessed a huge rise in plastic pollution. The waste from petrochemical plastic production plants as well as the tones of non-biodegradable plastic thrown away daily is huge problem for the environment. The solution to this is “Bioplastics”.

Bioplastics are plastics made from renewable biomass sources such as vegetable fats and oils, starch, and recycled food waste. These bioplastics are compostable plastic which will break down in compost pile leaving no toxic residue behind.

Why bioplastic over plastic?

Plastics take approximately 20 to 500 years to decompose depending on their structure and materials. While in comparison bioplastic only take 3-6 months to decompose.

Biotechnology involves applying life sciences to traditional manufacturing and chemical synthesis. The industrial biotechnology industry plays a crucial role in addressing climate change and empowering economic development. It is the key to producing clean, renewable alternatives to petroleum-based fuels and other products, and can greatly reduce the energy consumption and GHG emissions from a wide range of industrial processes by enhancing efficiency, reducing waste and capturing and capturing and converting carbon dioxide.

It follows that “biotechnology can significantly contribute to climate change mitigation and adaptation”. Yet biotechnology is hardly ever referred as a ‘clear technology’.

Author: Divyam Dave

College: Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology

Course: B.Sc Biotechnology Part-III

All areas of human life, including infectious diseases, are impacted by global warming. The complicated relationship between the human host population and the causative infectious pathogen determines the effects of global warming. Changes in the environment may cause human migration, which in turn may cause disease patterns to vary. Crop failures and famine may reduce the host’s ability to fight infections. The paucity and contamination of potable water sources may facilitate disease transmission. Significant economic and political stressors, on the other hand, may wreak havoc on the existing public health infrastructure, leaving humanity unprepared for unexpected epidemics. The abundance and distribution of disease vectors will undoubtedly be affected by global warming.

Also Read: Biotechnology Solutions For Everyday Life

Many vector-borne diseases, such as malaria, dengue fever, plague, and viruses that cause encephalitic syndromes, are likely to be affected. Infectious illness epidemiology will undoubtedly shift as a result of global warming.

With these present issues looming, one would ask how we will be able to address them.

How Biotechnology is reducing the effects of Global Warming?

Biotechnology is one of the solutions to global warming and the effort to mitigate its impacts. With the help of genetically modified crops, energy efficient farming, carbon sequestration, and reduced synthetic fertiliser use, biotechnology has made significant progress in the domains of green agriculture. Planting genetically modified crops is preferable than planting normal crops since they emit fewer greenhouse gases.

This reduction isn’t a negligible reduction. “In 2012, greenhouse gas emissions were reduced by “eliminating 27 billion kg of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, equivalent to removing 11.9 million cars from the road in a year.” These GMOs have proven to be resistant and easy to fertilise, and they are assisting in reducing the effects of global warming.

With the present COVID-19 pandemic at its peak, the use of plastic in the form of PPE kits and face masks has skyrocketed. This medically discarded plastic will take at least 20-50 million years to decompose, so we can image how harmful it will be if we do not properly dispose of the plastic trash, or we may witness another wave of covid or another covid strain in the future.

However, biotechnology has come up with the idea of bioplastics, which are polymers made from biomass sources, and if we can utilise bioplastic to make PPE kits and face masks, they will not only disintegrate quickly, but will also restrict the spread of the virus.

From genome mapping to genetic engineering, the variety of biotechnologies that have the potential to help treat infectious illnesses of poverty is vast, and it continues to grow with advances in scientific research.

Also Read: Importance of DNA Sequencing in Biotechnology

Biotechnologies and other biomedical advancements will almost certainly lead to the development of new and improved vaccinations, diagnostics, and treatments to combat disease. They can also aid in improving disease understanding, disease pathology, epidemiology, and vector control, hence limiting the impacts and transmission of infection.

Author: Divyam Dave

College: Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology

Course: B.Sc Biotechnology Part-III