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Biotechnology is one of the most advanced, progressive, fruitful, and evolving branches of science and technology. The branch deals in physics, chemistry, biology, engineering, and mathematics concepts that are combined together to develop technologies for betterment f human life. Students after 10+2 can begin their journey in Biotechnology, later on, you can opt Under Graduate, Post Graduate, and various diploma courses.

There are a plethora of advantages for students pursuing biotechnology as their career because this field still has an enormous area to develop and expand. Science is growing at a great speed in order to develop technologies that are beneficial for the human race. So, opting biotechnology as a  career is one of the best decisions you can take for your future as you would have a mountain full of opportunities to work in various leading industries including medical, manufacturing, agriculture, pharmaceutical, industrial products, etc.

Also, Read, Jobs after MSC Biotechnology in India & Abroad

Set of scientists doing researchImage credit: Freepik

Advantages of pursuing Biotechnology as your Career:

  1. Offers Enormous Potential to students:

Biotechnology is one wide branch of science that is evolving at a fast pace, every day it is growing, with new scientific researches taking place each day. The advantage of the scientific field is that it offers enormous potential to the students who are interested in making life easier for humankind. Biotechnology involves researches powered by the aspiration of humans to find solutions to new or old problems. So candidates who have this sort of skill set and self-motivation to do things which make human life easier than this, believe us, it is the right field for you. You can grow in the field of Biotechnology science with time.

  1. Your Contribution to several sectors matters:

Carrier in Biotechnology has an advantage for students and professionals that they can contribute to various sectors and industries. For Instance, they can work and contribute to the field of medical, pharmaceutical, manufacturing industry, industry products, husbandry, chemistry, cell biology, agriculture, environmental uses, and many more. Students learning and studying biotechnology work in the area of molecular biology, biochemistry, bioinformatics, and many other fields which focuses on the enhancement of good health in human beings. People work domestically and globally into the various field of Biotechnology for the sack of betterment of humankind, in various ways but the motive remains the same- make human life easier.

  1. You can work in any sector:

Graduates, postgraduates, or Diploma, whatever you have done in the field of Biotechnology, you would have an infinite number of opportunities in the private as well as government sector. You can make your career in any of them as both sectors are involved in research work and another related process. There are numerous opportunities in both sectors from the medical field to research work in notable govt. or private organizations. Choose the working sectors according to your skill-set and your future career aspects.

  1. The immense growth in career:

With a wide range of courses in Biotechnology, you get a huge scope to grow professionally and you can opt for better courses that boost up your career. For keeping yourself updated with the time you need to update your skills set too. Knowledge of the latest tools and technologies is imperative to keep alive in such a field. Also, the career growth is very high in this field, you can start from zero levels and reach the position of a senior scientist too. Biotechnology offers some reputable and prestigious jobs for those candidates who have a good knowledge base and are open to working on new technologies. Biotechnology also offers great scope in career-making in other developed countries such as Australia, the USA, Europe, etc.

  1. Some in-demand careers options in Biotechnology:

When we think about a career in biotechnology, we just come up with a person wearing a white collar coat working in laboratories to develop a medicine. But hey wait, it isn’t just that. Candidate pursuing a career in biotechnology has enormous other options to work upon. Candidate can opt for Biomedical Engineer, Medical Scientist, Biochemist, Microbiologist, Clinical Technician, Bio-Manufacturing Specialists, Process Development Scientist, Business Development Manager, etc. You just need to prepare yourself for the upcoming opportunities.

Some guidelines to be ready for getting the best in a career in Biotechnology:

There are 5 strategies you can follow:

  1. Build a powerful educational base
  2. Stay open to all the opportunities and do not just limit yourself to one industry. Keep learning about new technologies emerging in the field of biotechnology.
  3. Boost up all your other skills as well. For example, you must be articulate in biotechnology topics but you should also possess some soft skills like good communication power, knowledge of computers, knowledge of using gadgets, etc.
  4. Build a good network with professionals in the same industry.
  5. Change is constant and you must be adaptable to it. Get additional knowledge, get certificate courses, and utilize your network to get a good job.

So, now you can consider and make decisions, right? Keep reading Blalbiotech Blog to get more information about Job, Career, and different courses in Biotechnology.

 

 

Mann ki Baat, 08:00 PM, 19/03/2020 where Shri Narendra Modi while addressing the entire nation about the Covid19 pandemic announced “Janata Curfew” on 22nd March 2020 from 7 AM to 9 PM after which a complete lockdown was announced on 24th March 2020, 08:00 PM from 25/03/2020, 12:00 AM to 14/04/2020 creating a surge of adrenaline among 1.3 billion people of India, rushing towards the market, hoarding groceries and essentials. The PM promised essentials to the poverty-stricken, daily wage-earning fraction of the population.

 

Social DistancingImage Source: orfonline.org

While the human race continued grappling with the coronavirus pandemic, obeying social distancing, staying at homes taking the toll on the global economy, Mother Nature took a sigh of relief.

No more public and private transportation, no more gas emissions from the industries, no discharges from the industries into the water bodies, helping Mother Nature restore itself. As the lockdown continues, videos taping the movement of animals on the empty streets are progressively being shared.

Nilgai on the roads of Noida posted by Ananya Bhattacharya spotted deer on the roads to Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh posted by Susanta Nanda IFS, olive ridley turtles on a beach in Odisha posted by Soumyajit Pattnaik have been all over social media reclaiming the access to the area which once belonged to them. The chirping sparrows which were lost long back with our childhood are back in the balconies tweeting melodies in the morning.

The lockdown imposition in India, restricting the movement of the population to control the spread of infection as it is approaching near 4000. While creating a grave situation for the daily wage workers due to the industrial shutdowns, the lockdown has aided in the improvement of the air quality due to reduced carbon emissions. Last year, India accounted for 21 most polluted cities in the world out of 30 compiled by IQAir AirVisual’s 2019 World Air Quality Report, with six in the top ten.

Recent shutdown in the businesses and transportation has improved the air quality index of heavily polluted cities around the world. The Real-Time Air Quality Index witnessed a sharp decline in nitrogen dioxide concentration in the air in New Delhi from 21 mg/m3 to 4mg/m3, in Mumbai from 16mg/m3 to 5mg/m3, in Chennai from 5mg/m3 to 3mg/m3, whereas the PM2.5 of most of the cities falls in the category of moderate quality ranging from 51-100 like New Delhi, Chennai, Kolkata, Bengaluru, Telangana, Gujarat and cities like Jaipur, Bikaner, Rohtak have been reported with good air quality which means the residents have access to clean and fresh air with a considerable drop in the greenhouse gas emissions above the surface.

The unserviceable industrial sector affecting the global economy negatively has proven to be a boon for the aquatic ecosystems. The untreated wastewater released into the water bodies worsens the physio-chemical and microbiological properties of water, making it unfit for the aquatic flora and fauna. Now, that the discharges are nil, the water bodies are rejuvenating.

The Ganga, holy river of Hindu’s, which has been suffering a lot due to the discharges of industries and other human activities. Namami Gange Programme started by National Mission for Clean Ganga with the twin objectives of effective abatement of pollution, conservation, and rejuvenation of National River Ganga was approved in June 2014 as a ‘Flagship Programme’ with a budget of Rs.20,000 crores, with a little success in the cleaning action.

It has been three weeks, since the enforcement of lockdown in India, especially in the industrial cluster has improved the water quality of Ganga. As per the Real-time water quality monitoring data offered by CPCB, out of the 36 monitoring units at different locations of Ganga, 27 locations have been reported suitable for bathing and propagation of wildlife and fisheries.

Also, Read, A Brief Report on ORIGIN OF COVID-19

Covid19 taking a death toll of 104 nationwide, affecting the global economy has not only caused negative impacts on humans but has also promoted the importance of hygiene. This pandemic has brought the families to close, once who was so busy in the social networking sites are now witnessed spending time together. Lockdown imposed due to this virus has taught the importance of environment conservation.

Suggestions like lockdown for a week every year for the rejuvenation of Earth have been witnessed all over social media. But lockdown is not necessary if we follow the path of sustainable development.

Today, the world is suffering from a pandemic of a respiratory disease which outbreaks in Wuhan, China in December 2019 and the causative agent of which was identified in January 2020 as novel beta coronavirus of the same subgenus as SARS-CoV and named as Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV2) and the disease is named as COVID-19.
COVID-19 rapidly promulgated worldwide with clinical tokens from mild respiratory symptoms to severe pneumonia and fatality rate of about 3%.

World Health Organization (WHO) has affirmed COVID-19 as Public Health Emergency of International Concern, a pandemic on 11th March, pointing to over 118,000 cases in over 110 countries and territories around the world at that time. Now the sheer number of entrenched cases in the world has crossed 1 million with 1,204,055 and annihilation- 64,791 and in India, the cases are above 4,000 with the annihilation of above 100.

Many studies have shown the virus commencement is akin to the seafood market in Wuhan, China but unequivocal associations have not been confirmed, reported clinical findings to include fever, cough, fatigue, pneumonia, headache, diarrhea, hemoptysis and dyspnea.

covid19
In the antiphon to ebullition of COVID-19, WHO along with the Chinese CDC investigated the epidemiological and etiological facet of the disease and confirmed that the convulsion was linked with the Huanan South China seafood market place, but no peculiar animal association was identified.
Scientists forthwith initiated the pursuit of the antecedent of COVID-19 and the first genome of it was divulged by a research team led by Prof. Yong-Zhen-Zhang on 10th Jan 2020.

It was scrutinized that most of the early cases had some sort of contact antiquity with the original seafood market. Soon, a collateral cause of infection i.e. human to human transmission was found which led to radical cumulation in the population of infected people with no antiquity of jeopardy to wildlife or visiting Wuhan and among them, the majority were medical professionals. It became evident that COVID-19 infection occurs through jeopardy to the virus and both immune-suppressed & normal people emerge impressionable.

Some studies have also an age apportioning of adult patients between 25-89 years old and few were children & infants. It was propounded that the population most at risk may be people with a poor immune function such as older people and those with renal and hepatic dysfunction.

Coronavirus is an enveloped virus with single-stranded positive-sense RNA and 60nm-140nm in diameter, zoonotic in nature and causes manifestations ranging from that common cold to more severe respiratory, enteric, hepatic and neurological symptoms.

To detect infection antecedent, China CDC researchers collected 585 environmental samples from the seafood market and found 33 samples encompassing SARS CoV-2 and marked its provenance from the seafood market. Scientists used the lung fluid, blood, and throat swabs samples of 15 patients for a laboratory test and found that the virus unambiguous nucleic acid sequence in the sample are divergent from those of known human coronavirus species. Laboratory results also showed that SARS-CoV-19 is similar to some of the beta-corona viruses genera determined in bats.

This virus can remain viable on surfaces for days in benign conditions but are wrecked in less than a minute by prevalent disinfectants such as sodium hypochlorite and hydrogen peroxide, etc. The virus is also present in stools and contamination of water supply and subsequent hauling via aerosolization/feco-oral route is also hypothesized.
Research has found angiotensin receptor enzyme 2 (AGE2) as the receptor through which the virus infiltrates the respiratory mucosa. AGE2 primary physiological role is the maturation of Angiotensin, a peptide hormone that controls vasoconstriction and blood pressure. AGE2 found in several tissues involved with cardiovascular directly, but in the brain, including brain nuclei involved with cardio-respiratory regulation. Hence, it may directly or indirectly cause neurological problems in infected patients/populations.

Peculiar diagnosis can be done by unambiguous molecular tests on respiratory samples which encompass throat swabs, sputum, nasopharyngeal swabs, endotracheal aspirates, and bronchoalveolar lavage. The virus can also be uncovered in stool and in severe cases- in blood. Other laboratory tests are usually nonspecific.
Treatment is substantially ancillary and emblematic. Adequate solitude is paramount to prevent transmission. It is essential to follow the usual principles which are perpetuating hydration and nutrition and controlling fever & cough. Routine use of antibiotics and antivirals such as oseltamivir should be shunned in confirmed cases. In hypoxic patients, the accouterment of oxygen is registered through nasal prongs, face mask, high flow nasal cannula (HFNC) or noninvasive ventilation. As of now, there is no approved treatment for COVID-19.

Antivirals like- ribavirin, lopinavir-ritonavir have been used based on the experience with SARS & MERS.
In the case array of 99 hospitalized patients with COVID-19 in Wuhan, oxygen was given to 76%, noninvasive ventilation to 13%, mechanical ventilation to 4%, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) to 3%, continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) to 9%, intravenous immunoglobulin therapy to 27%, antibiotics to 71%, antifungals to 15%, glucocorticoids to 19%, and antiviral therapy having oseltamivir, ganciclovir & lopinavir-ritonavir to 75% of the population.

Other drugs contemplated for therapy are arbidol (an antiviral developed in Russia and China), intravenous immunoglobulin, interferon, chloroquine and plasma of patients retrieved from COVID-19.
Since at this time there is no ratified remedy for this infection, hence, forestalling is crucial. Many properties of virus make forestalling difficult, they are-

• Nonspecific features of the disease.
• Infectivity even before the onset of symptoms in the incubation period.
• Transmission from asymptomatic people
• Long incubation period
• Tropism for mucosal surfaces like conjunctiva
• Prolonged duration of illness
• Transmission even after clinical recovery

The greatest risk in COVID-19 is transmission to health workers. A Chinese doctor who first warned about the virus has died too.
Patients should be settled in separate rooms or cohorted together. Rooms, surfaces, and equipment should undergo regular decontamination preferably with sodium hypochlorite.
Airborne hauling anticipations should be taken during aerosol-generating procedures such as intubation, suction & tracheotomies.
People should be asked to practice cough hygiene by coughing in sleeves/tissues rather than hands and also to practice hand hygiene frequently every 15-20 minutes. Patients of respiratory symptoms should be asked to use surgical masks.

Also, Read, Mother Earth Rejuvenating During the Covid19 Lockdown

This new virus insurrection has challenged the economic, medical and public health infrastructure of the world. Time alone will tell how the virus will impact our lives, social distancing and self-quarantine is the need of the hour for everyone worldwide to forestall the proliferation of this infectious virus and save mankind. More so, future insurrections of viruses and pathogens of zoonotic provenance are likely to outlast. Therefore, apart from cribbing this ebullition, efforts should be made to devise comprehensive measures to prevent future insurrections of zoonotic origin.

As per the reports of Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (MoHFW), the spread of the Novel Coronavirus Disease, which causes Respiratory Illness like the ‘Flu’ with the symptoms like fever, dry cough, difficulty in breathing (in severe cases), in the past two days in India,  is increasing at a rate of approximately 39%. The biggest surge in the cases of Coronavirus has been witnessed in Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan & Uttar Pradesh. India’s trajectory is steeper than Asian peers like Singapore & Japan.

The Indian Government has enforced total lockdown till April 14, 2020, and curfew has also been imposed in many areas. People affected the most because of the lockdown are those dependent on the daily wages like the vegetable sellers, cab drivers, factory laborers, household maids and many more.

To combat this pandemic and to help out the needy, the world is coming together and putting their best efforts.

Coronavirus - covid-19Biotechnology Industries – The Biotechnology Innovators are working together with the World Health Organization, U.S. Government agencies, Chinese authorities & non-government entities to meet the needs of the vaccinations, diagnosis, antiviral agents and the treatment of the infection.

  • Different industries have accelerated the development of different vaccines and anti-viral therapies.
  • Investigations have been done for several anti-viral drugs against the COVID-19, some of which have also entered the Clinical Trials Phase for testing their efficacy & safety.
  • Work has also begun on testing the Medical Countermeasures available for SARS & MERS against COVID-19.

The Biotechnology Companies are responding much faster than ever to the Emerging Health Threats.

  • In addition to the Biotech industries, Staff of the Hospitals & Clinical Laboratories have been working day & night to treat the patients infected with COVID-19.
  • The Police authorities are working hard to help implement the Government Policies and monitor the spread of COVID-19.
  • People of the country are contributing via different modes, including the contributions in the PM CARES Fund & donating food & other necessities to the people dependent on daily wages.
  • Leading industries of the country like Tata Sons & Tata Trusts, Wipro Group & Azim Premji Foundation, Ministry of Petroleum, Reliance Industries, Paytm, Coal India, Larsen & Toubro, ITC, HDFC Group, LIC, JSW Group, Bajaj, Infosys, PhonePe, Torent Group, Hero Cycles, Adani Foundation, SBI, SAIL and many more have contributed in different ways like donating huge amounts towards PM CARES fund, amounts to the state governments and for the manufacturing of equipment for personal protection, respiratory systems, testing kits and setting up advanced treatment facilities and health workers’ training.
  • Various actors from the Film Industry have also contributed towards combating COIVD-19 by donating money in the PM CARES Fund, to the State Governments and towards the development of kits, vaccines and other facilities for COVID-19 treatment.

World Health Organization (WHO) has also shared advisory guidelines for the public to stay safe from COIVD-19 infection and have also clarified various myths related to COVID-19. The basic protective measures against coronavirus are as follows:

  • One of the most important measures is Awareness of the Latest Information on COIVD-19 via authentic websites only.
  • All the public health advice from the local health authorities & WHO should be accurately followed.
  • Washing hands frequently & thoroughly with soap and running water or with an alcohol-based sanitizer.
  • The safest way to greet a person is to wave, nod or bow instead of shaking hands.
  • If the development of even minor symptoms is observed, the concerned person should refer immediately to a doctor & seek medical care.
  • People with more than 60 years of age or those having health conditions like Diabetes, Respiratory or Cardiovascular diseases should avoid any crowded places or interactions with sick people.
  • Last but not the least, the spreading of rumors should be strictly avoided. It is advised to follow only the authentic websites for any query or information related to COVID-19.

Along with these various contributions towards the development of facilities to fight against the Novel Coronavirus Disease, all we need to do is take care of our own selves by Staying in Our Homes, taking care of our loved ones, helping those in need and following the Government instructions. We should be following SOCIAL DISTANCING very strictly as those violating it are the ones majorly responsible for the spread of COVID-19 infection.

Together we can fight this infection and eradicate it from this world.

STAY HOME, STAY SAFE… FOLLOW SOCIAL DISTANCING…

Biotechnology: “A vast area of Biology which involves organisms and living systems to develop products and technologies that help in the enhancement of human life”.

Breaking the term to make it simpler, Biotechnology is clubbed knowledge of Biology with Technology where both these aspects help humans to enhance their life and make things easier for mankind. Biotechnology works on the living organisms and processes that have one thing DNA in them.

The students with PCB as their major subjects think that the only career option they have after 12th exams are a doctor or a pharmacist. But hello wait. You ain’t limited to just thee 2 options. Fortunately, you can definitely opt for something different and unbeaten track of Science that is Biotechnology. It is a hat once a lucrative career option for students who want to evolve their skills in the biotech field.

Biotechnology is one popular multidisciplinary branch of Science among students who have completed 12th class in science stream as the main subject. The vast scope of biotechnology attracts all those students who want to explore the diverse, new and continuously evolving field of science. A career of a science student is not restricted to become a doctor or pharmacist only as the wide scope of Biotechnology offers several lucrative career opportunities.

Also, the career in Biotechnology does not stick to a particular industry, it is so vast that it touches almost every industry. The main industrial sectors include food, manufacturing, textiles, agriculture, animal husbandry, pharmaceutical and many more.

Students who are willing to make their careers in Biotechnology can choose from a variety of options, there are undergraduate, postgraduate, diploma courses and certificate courses available for the students.

Career after 12th in Biotechnology:

1.Biotechnology Courses after high secondary

  • Bachelor of Engineering in Biotechnology
  • Bachelor of Science in Applied Biotechnology
  • Bachelor of Science in Advanced Zoology
  • Bachelor of Science in Biotechnology
  • Bachelor of Science (Honours) in Biotechnology
  • Bachelor of Science in Zoology and Animal Biotechnology
  • Bachelor of Science in Medical Biotechnology
  • Bachelor of Science + Master of Science in Biotechnology
  • Bachelor of Technology in Biotechnology
  • Bachelor of Technology in Bioprocess Technology
  • Bachelor of Technology in Molecular & Cellular Engineering
  • Bachelor of Technology in Industrial Microbiology
  1. Postgraduate Programs in Biotechnology

  • M.Sc. in Biotechnology
  • M.Sc. in Medical Biotechnology
  • M.Sc. Nano-biotechnology
  • M.E in Bio Informatics
  • M.tech in Biotechnology
  • M.Tech in BioProcess Engineering
  • M.tech in Industrial Biotechnology

 

1.B.Tech. + M.Tech. (Biotechnology): It is a five year integrated dual degree course to excel career in the area of Biological science& technology.

  1. Dr. B. Lal Institute of BiotechnologyAdvanced Diploma Course( Biotechnology):  A diploma course where students are prepared to work in medical research, clinical research and academic research.
  1. Diploma in Biotechnology Engineering: A three years course that can be pursued after 10th class. It is a diploma level program.

4. Certificate Course in Biotechnology: 

  1. Certificate Course in Advanced Biotechnology:
  1. Certificate in Biotechnology and Plant Tissue Culture:
  1. Post M.D. Certificate Course (Biotechnology):

This one year course allows a student to study the natural sciences, which further allows you to opt advanced courses of biological sciences includes molecular biology, cellular biology, physiology, animal biology, ecology, plant biology, animal biology and microbiology

Steps to become a Bio Technologist:

  1. Choose science in school with PCM or PCB as your main subjects. Only science students can opt for Biotechnology after 12th.
  2. Prepare for entrance exams: It is not possible to enter in the best colleges and institutes without fighting entrance exams. You can fight for various state level or national level exams to qualify yourself for the next procedure.
  3. Get your bachelor’s degrees like B.Sc or B.Tech or maybe any other course in biotechnology from a reputed institution.
  4. Go for an internship during your college years.
  5. Go grab your job.

Career prospects for students opting Biotechnology:

Biotechnology is the fastest evolving field offering a good number of opportunities to students. There are various researches and other programs going on throughout the world that recruit biotechnology students with fresh and competitive brains. You can try various forte and grab a job in the reputed company. The fields that are open for biotech students are:

  • Agricultural and food scientist
  • Agriculture engineer
  • Biochemist
  • Biophysicist
  • Biomedical Engineer
  • Animal scientist
  • Food Scientist
  • Epidemiologist
  • Microbiologist
  • Soil and Plant Scientist
  • Clinical research
  • Government policymaking

Job profiles Biotechnology students can opt for are:

  • Research scientist and Senior Research Associate
  • Quality Control Officer
  • Biotechnologist
  • Quality control worker
  • Project manager
  • Environment specialist
  • Director of quality
  • Sales representative
  • Bioinformatics engineer or scientist
  • Lab Technician
  • Facilities Technician

Thank you for considering us to guide your way through your career after 12th. If you still have any confusion or doubts, you can contact us and our executives would hear all your confusion and would suggest the best way out.

Biotechnology is an interdisciplinary field that includes physics, maths, chemistry, and engineering. Combining all these technologies a new product is developed or some old product is modified, based on human and environmental needs.

Biotechnology is seeing huge growth in recent years and even more beneficial scientific advancements are made with time. Biotechnology is the most fast-growing field and popular among youth for their career perspective because of its extensive application in various industries majorly in medicines, chemicals, food, textiles, animal science, environment, and the list goes on.

With literally tons of industries involved in biotechnology,  the field has ample opportunities for students with M.Sc. in Biotechnology for their better career options.

Biotechnology is one of the broad areas of biology, involving organisms to recreate and produce To put it simply into words, Biotechnology harnesses bio-molecular and cellular process to develop product and technologies aiding in the betterment of human lives and our planet. We are using Biotechnology for many years. Cheese and Bread are the simplest examples of Biotechnology used in daily life.

Msc Biotechnology
Image Credit: FreePik

The major application of biotechnology is in 4 industries, including health care(medical), crop production, agriculture, non-food industries, and the most important one environment. Biotechnology is a research-oriented field. One must possess some sound technical skills in biotechnology along with some behavioral skills such as good listening skills, proactive, analytical skills, promptness, team spirit, and investigatory skills to get a good job.

M.Sc. Biotechnology:  

Masters of Science in Biotechnology (M.Sc Biotech) is a postgraduate Biotechnology course. It is a field of applied biology that deals with the usage of living organisms and bioprocesses in technology, engineering, medicine and other fields requiring bio-products.

The main idea of Biotechnology is to provide exceptional courses or curriculum serving students with strong vocational and professional skills development. It also aims at training students in the field of Biotechnology such as Genetic Engineering, Agricultural Biotechnology, Molecular Biology, Bioinformatics, Applied Microbiology, and Bioprocess Technology.

Master of Science Degree would help students with professional and scientific knowledge aiding them with entry-level competency. M.Sc. syllabus is not just theory but the syllabus also emphasizes providing practical knowledge to students in their chosen specialization. Generally, the subject opted by students for specialization is same as chosen by them in their graduate studies

The duration of M.Sc. (Biotechnology) is generally for two years and this two year study period is divided into four semesters.

Eligibility for pursuing the M.Sc. course is graduation in any of the subject Biology, Chemistry, Maths (BAMS, MBBS, BHMS, BPT, and B.Pharm.)

Admission Process:  Admission in any of the national level college is purely based on entrance level examination. Some of the entrance exams include JAM, GATE, CEEB, etc. Students can get admission on the basis of their graduation marks in other colleges, in which entrance tests are not required.

Why choose M.Sc. Biotechnology?

Masters in Biotechnology is a purely research-oriented subject that amalgamates the disciplines of Biology And Technology. It is one of the fastest-growing sectors in India and is expected to see growth in the coming years.

The field is just too vast, encompassing the widely spread biotech industries, innovative entrepreneurial ecosystem, that help student with a stable professional career with ample job opportunities in India as well as Abroad.

The syllabus of M.Sc. biotechnology is designed in such a unique way that helps students understand and enhance their knowledge about the subject and its disciplines such as animal biotechnology, food technology, genetics, and plant biotechnology. 

Students with Postgraduate degrees have a plethora of career opportunities. They are hired as Research Biochemist,  Sr. Associate Scientist, Regulatory Affairs Associate, Biotechnical Researchers,  Quality controller or Engineer, Regional Manager in different industries such as Biotechnology research organization, Manufacturing, Pharmaceuticals, etc.

Scope after M.Sc. in India:

M.Sc. Biotechnology has good scope in India,  Biotechnology is an interdisciplinary science that includes not just biology but also subjects like mathematics, chemistry,  physics, and engineering.

Major fields where biotechnology students work as professionals are Agricultural, Medicine and health care, Industries trial research, Environment Research and development, and animal husbandry, etc.

Candidates having a Master’s degree in BioSciences can get a job in corporate and government sectors. Qualified Bio-technologists mostly get into jobs with different drug( pharmaceutical) companies, chemical, bioprocessing industries, agriculture-related industries, and pollution control industries in India and abroad as well.  

Also, Masters degree holder in Biotechnology, are eligible for most of the Research Jobs in various research and development department of companies. In India, few big organization takes student only who have qualified any of the national level entrance exams like DBT BET, CSIR NET, GATE, ARS NET, ICMR JRF, etc.

This is not the end of scope and opportunities. Qualified biotechnologist opts other options also. one of them is opting for a Ph.D.

One can simply apply for some corporate Research job with a small company and grow with time.

One can go for teaching jobs in college or universities.

M.Sc. biotechnology Career/ job Types

1. Pharma Marketing Companies

2.Clinical Research Canters

3. Medical Device Manufacturers

College And Universities

M.Sc. Biotechnology career prospects:

Biotechnology is a vast area where students with varied interests are hired. The employer also asks for different skills set like communication, promptness, etc. The degree in M.Sc. further leads you to a job where one can get a really good salary. Some of the most popular and most opted career options are :

Biochemist, Quality Control Analyst, Senior Research Scientist, Biomedical Engineer, Crime Lab Technician, Research Associate, Validation Technician. and many others.

One should choose his/her career keeping his own abilities and qualities in mind.  Biotechnology has a vast area in terms of career opportunities. Most importantly your contribution can make a difference in human life.

Job Opportunities in Abroad:

Biotech is one of those fields seeing a good boon as a good career prospect for students. If you are looking for ob opportunities after MSc in Abroad, you must surely be up-to-date with the new technologies and advancements taking place in this fast-emerging field.

International companies hiring check cross-disciplinary education. Therefore it becomes difficult for the people who are trained in one discipline. But getting a job abroad is not an easy task. As a fresher, it is difficult, as they prefer experienced professionals.

Now, let’s talk about Job Opportunities for Biotech Students in Abroad. In a foreign land, you will be paid more than India, and with time as your experience and knowledge grow in this field, you will end up with increased pay-cheques. Germany and the USA are known to be the best counties for careers in Biotechnology.

If we talk about jobs in a foreign land then most of the companies are of medicines, F&B industries, which have their unit in India as well. So it doesn’t make much of a difference but again it depends completely on your own choice as the salaries would be definitely higher than in India.

Some of the prominent organizations that hire such M.Sc. Biotechnology Students are Baxter, Merck, Biocon, Bio-ceramics, Torrent Pharma, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Cipla, Ranbaxy, Cadila Healthcare, GlaxoSmithKline, Invitrogen, IFGL, Abbott Laboratories, Johnson & Johnson, Pfizer, Dr.Reddy’s labs, Jubilant life sciences, Orbees medical, Wockhardt.

If you hold a Masters’s Degree in Biotechnology, getting a research job is quite easier for you. But more preference is given to the candidate who has qualified certificate of National Level entrance exams including ARS NET, JRF, GATE, CSIR NET, ICMR, DBT NET.

After completing your MSc in Biotechnology, you can also opt for some best options like:

  • Grab more by opting for Ph.D
  • Why not enter into the corporate world? You can also apply for Research Jobs in the Corporate sector which is a bit difficult but a good try can lead you with a good future.
  • Apply for professor or teacher jobs in some renowned institutes.
  • Opt for the Business Development and Marketing job.
  • The last option can be to get into an MBA.

The best conclusion can be drawn only by knowing some particular facts and figures of countries that are leading in the Biotechnology Industry globally. Countries having more Biotech industries must be having more opportunities. USA holds the first rank in having a maximum number of biotech firms with Spain coming next followed by France, Korea, Germany, UK, rounding out the top five countries.

If you have completed your studies or pursued your biotech degree from a foreign country, then getting a good job in that particular country is quite easy.      

This is not the end of the list, the list goes on, the area of Biotechnology is wide. You can make your career in any field such as medical science, microbiology, process development science, clinical research, etc. The choice is all yours depending on your passion and interest.

We hope that we have helped you with good knowledge about Jobs After M.Sc. biotechnology in Abroad. If you still have any doubts left, you can let us know. We would surely help you guide your ways to a better future. Stay tuned to Blalbiotech.com

A Brief Idea About How to Start Career in Biotechnology

Biotechnology is the wide area of Biology which involves living systems and organisms in order to develop a product. In other words, one can say it is a way that enables us to amalgamate biological science with engineering technologies in order to invent new products in the field of agriculture, food, medicine, pharmaceuticals, environment, and healthcare. It might sound too complicated, but it isn’t so, humankind has been using biotechnology from ages.

Make your mind, choose your career wisely.

If you are someone who has some keen interest in biology and wishing to opt for a career in Biotechnology, let’s start with understanding how exactly you can pursue your career and evolve yourself in developing a successful career out of it.

Eligibility For Choosing Biotechnology as a Career:

It requires 10+2 in science stream, with Physics, Chemistry, English with optional subject as Biology/ Mathematics/ Biotechnology or any Life science subject. Candidate possessing all these qualifications skills can opt for B.Tech(Biotechnology) or integrated M.Tech.

Now if you are wondering how to kick start your career in biotechnology, then here is a quick guide for all of you.

How to Start your career in Biotechnology: When to Start?

  1. Begin with the right stream in 10+2
    Students interested in Biotechnology careers should start their journey by choosing biology or chemistry electives in their high school program. They can also pursue courses that provide both senior school and college credit, such as advanced placements.
  2. Now the Bachelor Degree
    Once you are done with high school, it’s time to move into a decent college and get a bachelor’s degree in biology. A most entry-level position in Biotechnology requires a bachelor’s degree.
  3. Experience
    Getting an internship after graduation can be the best way to get an overview of how your job would be afterward. You can do an internship in your college time itself, it provides students an opportunity to understand what field of Biotechnology they are into, what interests them the most.
  4. Graduation
    For the advancement in Biotechnology, career one requires a graduate degree. It depends on their chosen career path, they might need to get into a master’s degree or doing a Ph.D. in order to reach the position they want to be at.
  5. Update yourself with Time
    In the era of continuous advancement and up-gradation, the Biotechnology field is advancing quite fast, so it is important to stay up-to-date. You can get up-to-date with all the new technologies by being an active member of industry associations, you can subscribe to related industry publications, there are many ways to do so.

Biotechnology Degree Programs:

  1. Certificates in Biotechnology: Basically there are two types of certificate programs. First for those who have completed their graduation and need some special training. The second is for those who have done their bachelor’s degree but had no courses that help them to move into a biotech career. In simple words those students who have their bachelor’s degree in some other field but now desire to make their career in Biotechnology. Most of the certificate courses can be completed in a year focused on a particular educational path.
  2. Biotechnology’s Associate Degrees: The associate degree in biotechnology helps students to move into the bachelor’s degree program but there are cases where few employers accept only those students who have an associate degree. An associate degree is of four years, however, some programs might allow you to do it in three years.

Some of the common courses in Associate Biotech Programs are

  1. Quality assurance in Biotech
  2. Bioinformatics
  3. Intro to Biotechnology
  4. Bachelor’s in Biotechnology: A bachelor’s degree is compulsory for most of the Careers in Biotechnology that include biomedical engineering, microbiologist, food scientist, plant &soil scientist and many others. The bachelor’s degree generally requires four years to complete. Few courses under degree program are listed below:
  5. current trends in Biotechnology
  6. Laboratory management and safety
  7. Molecular and Cellular Biology
  8. Master’s degree in Biotechnology: A master’s degree takes two or three years of duration to complete. Students can enhance his/her knowledge with a specialized curriculum. Nowadays programs are available online as well for those who are already working. Some courses included in the master degree are :

Project Management in Biotechnology

  1. Validation in Biotechnology
  2. Grants and federal fundings
  3. Ph.D. in Biotechnology: Good for those who are interested in research work or wish to pursue their career into Teaching. Also, some professions also require a Ph.D. like an animal scientist. Generally, it requires three or four years, though some institutions have 8 years program for the same. Few courses at the Ph.D. level are:
  4. Advanced Mathematics
  5. Laboratory Instrumentation
  6. Bioethics

Job Prospects In Biotechnology

In India a bio-technologist can find a job in the following fields:
• Food processing
• Energy
• Drug and pharmaceutical research
• Public funded laboratories
• Chemicals
• Environment control
• Waste management
• Energy
• Bio-processing industries

In India, many Government organizations offer job opportunities to Bio-technical Professionals. Institute like DBT or several other agricultural, drug, dairy institutes have ample opportunities for Biotechnical students. Although the salary is higher in the private sector as compared to government industries.

Many Private companies are there in the field of biotechnology. For example, if we consider Drug companies there are numerous names like Hindustan Lever, Dabur, Ranbaxy and several others who have their own Research and Development department. For this they require Professional Biotechnologist, offering a handsome salary.

Not just drug industries, the scope for Biotechnologist is unlimited, they can work in the area of food processing industry, textile industry, and the Chemical Industry.

Let’s see what are the career options in Biotechnology- that are in high demand.

Biomedical Engineer:

Biomedical Engineering is generally known as BioMed, Biomedical Engineering or BME, a multidisciplinary field that combines Biology knowledge and engineering principles to produce a solution for any problem related to biology and medicine. The blend of engineering and biological knowledge contributes to the development of life phenomenal and life-changing concepts. Surgical robots, Artificial organs, advanced prosthetics are a few examples of it. The ultimate goal of Biomedical Engineering is to develop better healthcare equipment, diagnostic machines, biomedical devices and also for the betterment of human health care.

If you wish to opt for Biomedical Engineering the core subjects to focus are Maths, Chemistry, Physics, and Biology.
Biochemist: Scientist who studies Biochemistry are known as Biochemist. Biochemistry involves studying chemical processes and chemical transformation in living organisms. Biochemists study DNA, cell parts and proteins and research on how chemicals reactions take place in cells and tissues. Their work is also to analyze and synthesize proteins, fat, carbohydrate, DNA and other molecules.
Medical Scientist: Medical scientist is dedicated to investigating human diseases and conducting research work and determine the ways to prevent and treat those diseases. They perform clinical trials to find the effects of new medicinal drugs and vaccines.

*Medical scientists need to complete a Ph.D. in Biological Sciences or in their medical degree.

Clinical Technician: Clinical technicians are the laboratory workers, who gather samples, perform the test, and analyze the results. They are also called a Medical Laboratory Technician or Laboratory Technician. Specialized computer software, automated machines, advanced robotics are used by them in order to collect, analyze experimental information. A technician works under the supervision of Lab technologist.

Education requirement for Clinical technician is undergraduate certificate or associate degree.

Microbiologist: Microbiologists study the microscopic organism that causes disease and environmental damage. They also study the characteristics of non-living pathogens, like viruses and prions. Microbiologists work in Labs to conduct scientific experiments and analyze the result. Complex research work is performed by them to find treatment for various infectious diseases.
Process Development Scientist: A process development scientist most often works in the production of protein drugs from a living biological system. They are responsible for researching and developing new production processes and modifications in existing manufactured systems to improve overall profitability and efficiency.

Food scientists and Technologists: They are experts in nutrition, and they work in the area of food preservation and developing new products for the same. They make sure that food available to the public is safe to consume.
Be strongly passionate about your work and see how Biotechnology serves with the best of future prospects.
Be sure that you really wish to indulge in Biotechnology.

Any remaining doubts about how to start your career in Biotechnology? Want some expert guidance? We at B Lal biotech have experts who can have a talk to you and light your paths to pursuing the best career options in Biotechnology.

When we hear this term, we wonder what would a designer baby be Whether it’s a baby with designer clothes or a fashionable one. With the advancements in biotechnology that now we can actually create a baby with desired characteristics like eye color, height, diseases, intelligence, and whatnot. A designer baby is a gene-modified human embryo with appropriate qualities that have been shaped as per the instructions given by the parents. The process by which a designer baby is produced is known as Gene Editing which is defined as the use of molecular scissors to create cuts at certain locations of the genome and restoration of these cuts through non-homologous end joining or homologous recombination resulting in the desired edits. A new technique, CRISPR (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats) is being used for genome editing which has allowed scientists to alter or edit the genome cheaply and very rapidly. In the most common form for CRISPR, an enzyme called Cas-9 is used to delete or cut the selected sections of DNA or insert new sections in the existing DNA.

The first designer baby was created in 2000 in the U.S. which was named Adam Nash and was born on 29th Aug. 2000. Screening techniques were used to test the parent’s embryos and chose the embryo that would be an exact match to their daughter who was suffering from a genetic disorder-Fanconi Anemia which causes Bone Marrow deficiency. The selected embryo was a perfect tissue match and free from the disease. When Adam was born, the stem cells from his umbilical cord were selected and donated to his sister which were used to replace her Bone Marrow. Embryo screening consists of a PGD (Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis). Through IVF (in vitro Fertilization), embryos are made and allowed to grow up to 8 cell stage after which, the cell is removed for examination of DNA for defects or anomaly and only healthy and normal embryos are implanted in the womb. PGD is the analysis of a wide range of human embryos to identify genes associated with particular diseases and characteristics and selecting embryos that have the desired genetic makeup.

Pros & Cons of Designer Baby:

Pros-
• Reduces the risk of genetic diseases
• Reduces the risk of inherited medical conditions
• Better chance the child will succeed in life
• Better understanding of genetics
• Increased life span
• Can give genes to a child that parents are devoid of
Cons-
• Termination of embryos could create a gap in society
• Possibility of damage to the gene pool
• Many genes often have more than one use
• Loss of individuality

In simpler terms, Biotechnology can be used to choose what type of baby you want. The latest research is making designer babies a reality now, using technology developed originally for use in animals.

Metals are an indispensible part of our lives. The fact can not be ignored that a complete human civilization has named on the metal discovered, employed and ultimately cosequent the transition of ages. The metal-bearing mineral ores have been mined from the earth’s crust and being treated by various physical, thermal and chemical methods. The biological treatment of these primary resources came in picture in the 19th century when the high grade ores (ores with maximum metal values) were depleted due to the extensive mining and the conventional processes which need high energy and economic inputs became uneconomical for the low-grade ores.

The biological metal extraction or ‘bio-hydrometallurgy’ or ‘bioleaching’ employes the ability of acidophilic chemolithotrophic microorganisms to catalyze the oxidation reaction of mineral sulphides for extracting out metals in an aqueous medium (organic, alkaline, acidic). The process has been established at industrial scale as an applied and developed field of ‘Biotechnology’ for low-grade secondary copper sulfide (CuS) ores, pre-treatment of the refractory gold ores and chalcopyrite (fufills 20% of the world’s Copper demand). The major group microorganisms used for bioleaching are acidophillic chemolithotrophic microorganisms, the iron (Fe) and sulfur (S)-oxidizing microorganisms that utilize ferrous (Fe 2+ ) and sulfur (S) as their energy source (as an electron donor for ETS during aerobic respiration) and oxidize them into ferric (Fe 3+ ) and sulfuric acid (H2SO4 ) respectively. Both Fe 3+ and the acid are lixiviants in the bioleaching operations which attacks on the mineral surface to solubilize the metal into acidic medium. Along with the depletion of primary metal soruces there is a surge of metal containing wastes among which electronic waste is the most hazardous and rapidly growing municipal solid waste.

The waste contains a vast variety of metals including base metals (Cu, Ni, Zn, Fe), precious metals (Ag, Au, PGM) and rare earth metals and are termed as urban mines; the secondary source of metals. Many countries worldwide including China, Japan, the USA etc., are generating milions of tonnes of the waste among which China’s place is first while India is the 5 th largest country in e-waste production. The world is now looking for metal recovery from these urbon mines by using a more greener, economical and safer approach ‘bioleaching’ for e-waste treatment. Althogh the process is well established for the primary resources, major challages in the employment of the process for e-waste treatment at large scale is that the waste is alkaline in nature thus toxic for the acidophillic microorganisms, the metal content in the waste is hazardous for the growth of the microbial culture. Besides these challenges, the method has huge efficiency in sustainable development, waste recycling and regeneration of the lost revenue along with management of the waste.

Soft skills have always been rated on the first priority of an employer, be it any kind of industry. Soft skills generally focus on the interpersonal skills of an individual but these days employers are more focusing on the term “Cultural Skills” and they found a huge gap in the preparedness of the upcoming workforce.

Cultural Skills focus on working in a group or team setting, demonstrating leadership qualities and recognizing an individual’s role in the organization. Research shows that companies coming for recruitment specifically looking for this kind of soft skills in the new recruitments. Recruiters mention that they can find skillful candidates but they are looking for a “Cultural –Fit” – someone who can seamlessly transition into the company and work with fellow colleagues.

A Massachusetts-based nonprofit organization that supports science and biotechnology education, released its 2018 Job Trends Forecast for the Life Science Industry in Massachusetts, presented at the Life Science Workforce 2018 Conference, hosted at Northeastern University’s Interdisciplinary Science and Engineering Complex (ISEC). The report highlighted another year of growth in the biotechnology sector, predicting approximately 12,000 new biotech jobs by 2023. But, interestingly, the conference also highlighted a large gap in the preparedness of the workforce – a lack of “cultural training” among new applicants.  (Education, 2019).

Biotechnology jobs require a lot of hard skills just to get into a specific job. Whether it is scientific skills, research skills, technological skills – these skills are always a prerequisite. But apart from that, there are certain skills which are required essentially if someone is looking for some advancement.

Soft skills are such skills that cannot be taught rather they need to be learned gradually and these skills help to make all the difference down the road. Everyone knows this fact, yet ignores it and later realizes that it is true somewhere down in their career. Following are a few soft skills which an individual needs to focus on further advancements:

  • Find the edge of your comfort
  • Turn theory into practice, practice into performance
  • Review the tapes
  • Emotional intelligence
  • Collaboration
  • Diversity of thought
  • Complex problem solving
  • Time management
  • Communication

Soft skills are really the skills that deal with people. Don’t forget that it’s people that run industries.