Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology


Biotechnology was once upon a time, not a very well known field. Not amongst the popular career choice and many of us have no awareness about its role in our lives. With time not only awareness about biotechnology has increased but it also has emerged as a promising career option and many students are taking interest in this field. With the COVID period and the need of new drugs and vaccines, there is no doubt that biotechnology is the best career option in near future. If you are one of those who is looking for the best jobs and career options in biotechnology, here we are discussing the future of biotechnology and the scope it has as a career.

What exactly is biotechnology?

According to vocabulary, this Greek word means human knowledge and skills. Everything related to human knowledge has the potential to grow and develop into desired results. This revolutionary idea has benefited the health, medical and food, sector, and now is being adapted and used in many others as well.

Biotechnology is one of the few courses which offer all types of courses; degree, certificate, and diploma. Also, biotechnology also offers the maximum number of fields to master and get expertise in. biotechnology affects plenty of aspects of human life and vice-versa. So, naturally, this interdisciplinary branch offers informal education in many fields like;

  • Bioprocess engineering
  • Biomedical engineering
  • Forensic sciences
  • Microbiology
  • Biochemistry
  • Beverage industry
  • Stem cell industry-
  • Genetic technology
  • Food technology
  • Microbiology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Bioremediation
  • Photosynthetic effect
  • Bioremediation


Bioengineering is a broad course with many fields but most of all require practical knowledge or at least knowing the basic semantics of it. The need and necessity of practical knowledge are fulfilled by unique curriculum and practical knowledge which makes students apt and prepared for the demand of their profession.

Biotechnology has a very large part of it invested in the industrial sector and good scale employment is produced through it. Industries like Pharmaceutical, Agriculture, Clinical research, Medical laboratories, etc are all major employers of biotechnology and so students are given industrial tours and exposures and internships during their formal degree to make them ready for the industrial environment.

The biotechnology curriculum is also now created and updated according to the needs of the times. Many subjects are specially included and designed to cater to the need of industrial knowledge and experience for the students.

  • Biophysics
  • Biopharmaceuticals
  • Bio-nanotechnology
  • Clinical industry
  • Plant Biotechnology etc…

Courses for biotechnology

Biotechnology education can be achieved through various courses available for the students to choose from. There are engineering degrees like B.Tech in Biotechnology and a graduation degree like BSc in Biotech. The basic difference in the degree is the education focus in both. Engineering degree focuses on industrial and engineering biosciences whereas BSc. focuses on the concept and applications of biosciences. BSc. in biotechnology is more woven around research & development, of biotechnological fields like Agriculture, Microbiology, Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, Plant Biotechnology, Industrial, Plant Biotechnology, Animal Biotechnology, etc..

There are also many diploma and certificate courses in biotechnology that focus on a particular skill or branch of biotechnology.

Future of Biotechnology

Biotechnology is a vast domain which covers many aspects of the modern world and offers opportunities for employment and career aspects in large number. This is because of the need, use, and demand for biotechnology in present times.

India is a developing country and is on the way to soon be the major hot spot for the biotechnology industry in the world. Why? Because India has an enormous Medicine industry that has its ties with major countries of the world, a booming agricultural research industry to produce more efficient hybrid crops and farming methods, medical transfusion, genetic research and development, and healthcare industry cannot prosper without Biotechnology.

So, in career opportunities and employment producing Biotechnology has a vital and major role in the coming years.

Biotechnology will be a survival tool in the coming years with the increasing number of lethal diseases and pandemics. Also with the world population over 9million, we will need new technologies in the agriculture sectors. All in all, Biotechnology has a significant role in the future.

Biotechnology also affects and contributes to the economy very much.

Scope & opportunities

The good news for all the biotechnology alumni is that there is a platter of opportunities waiting for you. At every stage graduation, masters, diploma, or Ph.D. there will be an employment option for you. Biotechnology has spread its wing so far that now biotechnologists are in demand in many unconventional industries like the textile, food industry, and corporate, legal, etc. those who are not inclined towards more traditional career routes of biotechnology like research labs, clinical establishments, or pharmaceuticals, etc. can still find a lot of opportunities of employment a good standing career.

  • Sales department in a Biopharma Company
  • Entrepreneurship
  • Teaching
  • Government sector
  • Intellectual Property Research and patenting field.
  • Legal advisory for biotechnology
  • Phlebotomist filed
  • Prosthetics sector of the medical field

There is a bright future for biotechnology and bio-technologists, just finding the right place, and doing the right preparation can make you create a successful career for yourself.

Every uncertain pandemic comes with a solution that needs detailed analysis and research. Currently, everybody around the globe is suffering from harsh times due to pandemic and it has created damage to almost every sector of the nation. Covid-19 has affected people in different ways and the damage is nowhere to stop. Strict precautions are being taken regarding various treatments and medical support. Doctors and medical experts across the globe are relying on biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies with hopes to come up with possible solutions for the COVID-19 pandemic through which therapies can be designed and vaccines can be discovered. The members of the biotech industries are constantly working around the clock to identify and evaluate the solutions. Measures are being taken to combat the effect of coronavirus.

All about the relevance of biotech in controlling the pandemic

Biotechnology is one of the vast areas of biology that includes the utilization of living systems and organisms to produce different products for the betterment of human life. There are different tools and applications used by biotech industries to come up with appropriate solutions and vaccinations to cure the COVID-19 virus. Experts and professionals are constantly working on genomics, gene techniques, and immunology for creating pharmaceutical therapies and diagnostic tests to understand the current scenario of the coronavirus. Biotech encompasses a wide range of procedures for manipulating and modifying various living organisms according to the human body requirement so that domestication and cultivation can be utilized for improving human lifestyles.

The entire focus of the biotech industry has been shifted towards the infectious disease which is currently spreading at a rapid rate. People and experts are more concerned about the infectious diseases which are spreading rapidly in the public so that a suitable solution can be designed to put a full stop on this pandemic. A new parameter of appreciation has been introduced for biotech as a field where multiple things have been evaluated by the experts to understand the current pandemic. Due to great access to multimedia, the scientific leaders and professionals are constantly working on the introduction of appropriate vaccination to cancel out the disease and put a stop on the spread of the virus. The biotech professionals are constantly working on the introduction of different diagnostic procedures and therapies through which the disease can be cured.

In biotech, different ideas are initiated which seems easy at the initial stages but it comes with several challenges that need to be determined by the experts and professionals. The biotech industry has been in power since the past few months because they have been constantly coming up with innovative ideas and appropriate diagnostic procedures to test the human bodies. Efforts are being utilized by the medical students and professionals to manufacture the product at a scale through which the cases of COVID-19 can be controlled and vital vaccines and therapies can be designed and circulated across the globe.

The response of Biotech Industries in fighting against the coronavirus

The biotech companies are responding faster than ever to handle the health threats associated with coronavirus so that a certain amount of peace can be distributed to the public who are suffering from the infection. The government agencies are constantly supporting the biotech industries to come up with appropriate vaccination and therapies to cure the coronavirus with the help of virtual sessions. The government agencies are also working to fight the coronavirus on an extreme level.

There has been gradual progress in the introduction of vaccine development through which genetic sequence can be controlled and the virus can be reduced from the root. Certain measures and precautions are being circulated by the biotech companies according to their study and experience so that people can take certain measures to prevent their body from the infection. Every minute detail associated with this pandemic and disease is necessary to be circulated by the best media channels across the globe because we know, prevention is better than cure. The biotech companies are performing under the guidance and support of health care experts through which they can come up with the solution as soon as possible.

It is quite astonishing how many of the biotech company are serving people living with rare diseases and also are working on handling the global health crisis which is spreading rapidly. They have kept their primary product aside and are working religiously on improving the pandemic situation caused by Coronavirus. A company named Alexion has announced a plan to initiate the study of phase 3 of this disease and they are handling the process of diagnostic activities for hospitalized patients.

Well, it was old times when biotechnology only meant scientists in labs skittering around and developing new drugs or equipment. But now the time has transformed and so have the field and career options in biotechnology. Biotechnology has many notions attached to its name and not all are true. Once, biotechnology represented a career in labs and research centers. Now with time, development, and more awareness about this distant branch of medicine is seen as an opportunity to build a successful career and make a difference.

Moreover in today’s practical world biotechnology is a major contributorto the economy and produces employment on large scale. Not only that, biotechnology is a major contributor to the community and humankind. Where would we be if we have not yet discovered the vaccination for polio or other historic pandemics?

Biotechnology is as important as any other branch of medicine and presents many career options. Associate teaching professor of Northeastern MS in Biotechnology shares his take on biotechnology and its best career opportunities to shape your future.

What is biotechnology?

The biggest misgiving is that biotechnology is in the lab career only to be a lab technician or a researcher, but the field of biotechnology has so many more aspects and subdivisions. Today Biotechnology is a complex field with new and modern frontiers of science. The catering and services of biotechnology have now extended to food, pharmaceuticals, and many other disciplines.

Biotechnology is now not just an extension of the unique and useful branch of biology and technology but it is a field of its own that contributes to every other sector in some or the other way.

Every aspect of human life today is affected by this joint sector of science and technology.

Careers in Biotechnology- what will a Biotechnology degree give you?

A biotechnology degree will pave way for the young minds to find a footing in the field they want to give their services as biotechnologists. In biotechnology, a degree student learns about the basic workings of all the components’ of the biotechnology field. A multidisciplinary approach is taken by most of the institutions in their degree program, giving practical knowledge of the field with the traditional study. Although there are many types of programs in biotechnology and have their aims and missions.

The areas where you can take a position after doing your degree in biotechnology.

  • Research and development
  • Quality supervision
  • Clinical research
  • Sales and technical department
  • Government sector
  • Software engineer
  • Business management
  • Food animal and environmental science

Biotechnology has applications in several fields and industries, which give the students the benefit to choose from many career options and organizations to work for.

Biotechnology employers range from all types of companies, government, and private agencies, independent start-ups, research labs, pharmaceutical companies, etc.

Some of the most promising and in-demand biotechnological careers are-

  • Bioinformatician- A Bioinformatician design tools, build information, analyses data, etc. to build a career as a bioinformatician one does require a Ph.D. in biotechnology with a grip on informatics, computational biology, molecular biology, and genomics. If a candidate is component enough and can demonstrate skills in the field.
    Fluency in computational and programming languages is a crucial requirement.
  • Bio-technical Scientist- A very respected and esteemed post in the biotechnological field which requires qualification of Ph.D. and at-least a year of work experience. A bio-technical scientist usually works with a team or even led a team of scientists. For this job you really should have great interpersonal skills in your respective field of expertise.
  • Computer and Information Research scientist- let the name not fool you. The role of data in designing a drug or a product is very important and crucial. Their role is to build new technologies and find better ways to use existing technology and data. There is an estimated 16% growth in jobs for information scientists until 2025.
  • Phlebotomists- They have a significant role in the daily collection and testing of blood for medical testing. Drawing blood for transfusion, medical tests, research, donations, etc are part of their job profile. Laboratories, labs, blood blanks, research centers, donation centers, hospitals are places in need of Phlebotomists.
  • Mangers for medical and health services- In health care services ‘planning, managing, and coordination of all the operations in the business are done by these managers. Clinical managers, clinical trial managers or clinical research managers, health care executives, health care administration are common job profiles but in simple words, they very much handle how a health service will run most efficiently and profitably. It is a great career for those who do not want a lab job.
  • Genetic Counselors- Genetic health and solutions had gain momentum in recent years and is a good career option for biotechnologists who are interested in this field. Though an advanced course and education are required for a most solid footing. They give personal help and assistance to patients with a genetic disease and guide them through their treatment and solutions by giving advice and consultation.

We hope your some of the doubts are clear and you have got an idea about the best and in-demand career options of Biotechnology. Got any other doubt, feel free to contact for more information regarding biotechnology career, best courses in biotechnology, scope of biotechnology in India and abroad etc.

Description of microbiology and microbial sciences

Microorganisms perform several activities that are important to the processes being conducted on earth. It is essential to understand the performance of microorganisms because they play an important role in the day to day lives on earth.

Microbiology is the study of the living organisms which are small and cannot be seen with the naked eye. Some of the microorganisms include viruses, fungi, bacteria, protozoa and algae. Microbiology helps in understanding the causes of the diseases and it helps in controlling the diseases to a certain level.

Microbial science is the detailed study of microorganisms that are tiny and it is important to understand the performance of every microorganism so that better understanding can be generated towards the living bodies. Microbial sciences help in the introduction and innovation in the medical sciences when it comes to the identification of the problems and causes of a particular disease.

Experts of microbiology

Microbiologists are the people who perform different experiments regarding the living organisms and infectious particles that include bacteria and viruses. There are a large number of professional activities which are being conducted by microbiologist and they are working for promoting the microbial sciences and microbiology to another level. Generally, microbiologist works in the laboratory research department and then come up with a different appreciation of the role of microbes in different living bodies.

Role of microbiologists

  • Microbiologists are responsible for undertaking the laboratory analysis and the monitoring activities of the microbial cultures and samples.
  • They have different tools and technologies by which they can conduct a wide range of identification methods and clinical trials.
  • They are responsible for conducting the planning activities and carrying out trials through which they can deliver the outcomes and results of the analysis.
  • They also work on keeping track of the environmental microorganism development through which the growing microbe culture can be studied in detail.
  • Microbiologist helps in developing new and innovative pharmaceutical products, medicines and vaccinations.
  • They also write research papers and reports to provide a review of a particular disease organism or any infection.
  • A microbiologist is responsible for ensuring the data that has been recorded is accurate and it is as per the guidelines prescribed by the doctors and professionals
  • They manage laboratories and the keeper check for possible contamination regarding the manufacturing processes.

Careers in the stream of microbiology

A microbiologist can perform their duties for government and private company.

A microbiologist can work in hospitals and non-profit organizations where they will be designated with different job titles according to their experience and knowledge.

You can also work as a professor or officers in any organization and educational institute.

Just that, you need to undergo the process of training so that you can complete your education and can be appointed on the basis of the experience and projects.

A microbiologist can conduct their job and duty in the stream of research or can also look for work in any diagnostic organization where they will get the opportunity to showcase their experience and knowledge.

Departments and organizations to work as a microbiologist

  • Research organizations
  • Public health labs
  • Private laboratories
  • Food manufacturers
  • Government departments
  • Natural resources management institutions
  • Public health organizations
  • Diagnostic companies
  • Pharmaceutical industry
  • Biotech industries

Education for pursuing in the career of microbial sciences

  • Initially, the student needs to complete the high school diploma and then pursue bachelor’s degree and it requires a time period of 4 years.
  • Then the student will have the option to pursue further for the medical degree which takes around 4 years to complete.
  • Later the student can opt for postdoctoral fellowship and he can adopt the training process as a research scientist or professor.
  • The student can also start with an associate degree and the duration for this course is 2 years.
  • Later the student can pursue a master’s degree that is of 2 years where he will be appointed as a laboratory manager or a laboratory instructor.
  • The student can also pursue a Ph.D. and the duration for this course is 4 to 7 years.

Paramedical courses are medical training courses that are job oriented. Paramedical courses are quite training specific and train the students for real-life medical situations. The significance of paramedical courses has been realized by the increasing need for skilled paramedics in the medical field. This is important to mention that without paramedics the medical field would be crippled.

Paramedics is an amazing field to build a career in the medical field in a short period and budget, unlike the conventional MBBS degree. Paramedical courses are job oriented and present ample employment opportunities.

Another benefit of the Paramedical course is that there are options for postgraduate, graduate, diploma, certificate courses that are of varying durations from 3 years to 6 months. One could choose to do a paramedic course at any stage of his/her career even after completion of 10th standard exams.

Some courses also give the benefit of no mandatory science stream in 12th.

Paramedical courses are offered in various colleges all around the country with average admission requirements.

Paramedical courses give the medical field professionals trained in pre-medical emergency treatment, medical assistance, diagnostic technology training, etc.

Paramedics offer a wide range of courses to choose from in different sectors of the medical field.

The following are the major sectors that cover the paramedical courses.

  • X-Ray technology

X-ray technology courses are the most popular courses among students and of great importance in medical treatment. Students are taught about the types of X-Ray, imaging technology used, ways to read an x-ray, which x-ray to use in a particular case, etc.


  • B.Sc in X-ray technology
  • B.Sc in Medical Imaging Technology
  • Bachelor of radiation technology
  • Diploma in X-ray technology
  • Certificate in X-ray technician


In India, an X-ray technician can earn INR 5.5 LPA. A certificate or diploma holder can earn INR 30000 per month.

In the USA earnings can go even more upscale.

  • Anesthesia Technology

This course is to train students about how to administer anesthesia doses of different concentrations used in different medical cases. Anesthesia procedure is a primary step in most of the medical treatments and hence an important one. It is also important because they keep checking on the patient’s health and their reaction to the anesthetic.


  • B.Sc in Anesthesia Technology
  • Diploma in Anesthesia
  • PG Diploma in Anesthesia


Entry-level Anesthetic salary can be INR 1 lakh. Anesthetic specialists are paid very highly and it increases if you are a specialist like cardiac Anesthetic. Salaries up to 12 lakh are easily given to Anesthetics with time in India. Countries like the USA pay 3 times more to Anesthetics than India.


  • Physiotherapy

This branch of the medical field deals with the physical movement of human limbs. Various therapy techniques like electrotherapy, exercise, movement training, etc. are used to treat patients. Physiotherapy is also used after surgeries and implant operation to bring back natural movement of the injured body parts. There are great career opportunities for physiotherapists in the sports field which require physiotherapists 24*7 on the field.


  • Bachelor of Physiotherapy
  • Diploma in Physiotherapy


A physiotherapist can earn INR 15000- INR 70000 per month. A sports or personal physiotherapist can earn up to INR 50000 per month.

  • Dialysis Technology

Dialysis courses train students in machinery, techniques, the procedure of dialysis. Result in interpretation and report reading to diagnose the issue is also a part of this course. Dialysis is the procedure of removing waste liquid and impure blood from the body when the body itself is incapable of doing so.


  • B.Sc in Dialysis Therapy
  • Diploma in Dialysis Technology
  • Certificate in Dialysis Technician


An entry-level technician can expect a salary of INR 18000 per month. After that salaries can go up to INR 50000 per month based on the work experience.

  • Nursing

After doctors, the most important role is of the nursing staff. They take care of the patients after surgeries and hospital admitted patients. They also assist doctors in surgeries and operation theatres. Nurses of different levels maintain records of patients, supply medicine, pre & post-operational care, dressings, first aid care, immediate treatment, etc.


  • B.Sc in Nursing
  • Diploma in Nursing Care Assistant
  • M.Sc in Community Health Nursing
  • M.Sc in Obstetrics & Gynecology Nursing
  • M.Sc in Psychiatric Nursing
  • M.Sc in Health Nursing
  • M.Sc in Pediatric Nursing


Nursing staff salary varies from the department, private sector, government sector, experience, qualifications, etc. Though, nursing jobs are one of the highest paying paramedic jobs.

The entry-level salary can be 1.8 LPA and can till 8.7 LPA.


  • Audiologist and Speech Therapist

An audiologist helps to treat patients with speaking and hearing impairment. Patients, who are born with speaking problems, stuttering, are treated with therapeutic exercise and special technology and equipment. These courses train students to understand the various diagnostic techniques, levels of impairment, equipment knowledge, etc.


  • B.Sc in Audiology and Speech
  • Diploma in Hear Language and Speech


An entry-level audiologist therapist can earn up to INR 4.8 LPA.

  • Medical Laboratory Technologists

Laboratories are a very important part of medical treatment. Diagnosing of diseases is generally done by testing samples in laboratories and that requires a skilled trained technician who is proficient in testing and analyzing samples and read results.

You can also start your laboratory or start as a technician. There is a lot of career growth space as a lab technician in various specific medical fields and a very promising stable job.


  • B.Sc in Medical Lab Technology
  • Certificate in Lab Assistant
  • Diploma in the lab assistant


The salary range of a lab technician is INR 1.17 LPA to INR 5.5 LPA.

Other Popular Paramedical Courses:

  • Sc in Radiography
  • PGD in X-ray Radiography and Ultra- Sonography
  • Certificate in Radiology Assistant
  • Certificate in Radiography Diagnostic
  • Bachelor in Occupational Therapy
  • Sc in Home Nursing care
  • Diploma in Nursing Care assistant.

Why choose paramedics as a career?

The paramedic industry is the backbone of the medical and healthcare industry. There is always a demand for skilled qualified paramedics in India as well as other countries. It is a very smart and profitable career option.

Though rewarding it’s a challenging profession as well because paramedics are required for long hectic shifts. Any time emergency can be there and you have to be ready. You come across critical and trying situations so; you have to be mentally prepared also.

Scope in Paramedics

There is great scope in the paramedical sector because of the high number of job opportunities in the fast-growing medical industry. The health care industry is always in need of skilled paramedics and both government and private sectors provide a lot of employment opportunities which pays off good.


  • Ambulance attendant
  • Advanced Life support Paramedic
  • Critical medical caretaker
  • Medical Assistant
  • Radiographers
  • Lab Assistant

Many colleges offer quality education and training to paramedical students.

  1. B.Lal Institute of Biotechnology
  2. Banasthali Vidyapeeth
  3. NIMS university
  4. Kota Medical College
  5. SN Medical college

Still got any queries related to Paramedical jobs or courses. Worry not. You can contact us anytime for further information.

Hello to all the science students out there! Are you people confused about your career after B. Sc.? Well, you are not stopping here, are you? A bachelor’s degree is the foundation of your entire career, but what would be the use of the foundation if you aren’t building anything above that? A Master’s in Science degree is what you need right now. Wait, do you happen to be a graduate in Bachelor of Science Biotechnology? Well, then this blog is crafted right for you!

Master of Science:

Master of Science (M. Sc.) is a two-year-long postgraduate degree course that is offered in almost all the recognized universities in multiple specialized science fields like Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Mathematics, Biotechnology, Microbiology, Botany, Food sciences, Environmental sciences, etc.

Now, we will talk specifically about the Master of Science in biotechnology. It is a career-oriented course in which topics such as Genetics, Cell technology, fermentation technology, tumor, advanced biotechnology, etc. are covered and studied thoroughly. It is a course that is aimed at students after finishing their Bachelor of Science in Biotechnology, to study the technique of producing bio-products by using living organisms and attain advanced knowledge about the application of Biology and Chemistry in the field of engineering and technology. Usually, this course is implemented in fields like engineering, medicine, and also technology. Students can easily aim to get employed in pharmaceuticals and healthcare companies after completing this degree in Master of Science in Biotechnology and especially those who already see a future associated with science and technology to contribute to the medicinal industry should surely apply for this intense, yet important course. Those aspiring for a career in R&D can also look forward to this course. Colleges like Blalbiotech can be a major breakthrough for students in the field of biotechnology.

Few subjects included in this course are:

  • Advanced biological chemistry
  • Molecular biology
  • Principles of bacteriology and virology
  • Genetic engineering
  • Plant biology
  • Animal biotechnology
  • Immunology
  • Cell biology
  • Bioinformatics
  • Genomics and proteomics
  • Fermentation technology and bioprocess technology
  • Bio-entrepreneurship
  • Nano-biotechnology
  • Food technology
  • Stem cell technology and regenerative medicines


These are a few subjects that are covered and studied thoroughly in the Master of Science in Biotechnology.


Eligibility Criteria-

There are certain eligibility criteria to get admitted to this course. Students planning for a Master of Science in Biotechnology should clearly consider these questions before applying for one.

  • The student must have completed an undergraduate degree in Bachelor of Science in agricultural science along with life science like biochemistry, botany, zoology, microbiology, etc. to apply for a master’s in biotechnology.
  • In the major recognized universities and institutions that offer this course ask for a minimum of 55% in the bachelor’s to continue study with me.

Also Read, Jobs after MSC Biotechnology in India & Abroad

Duration and fee structure-

The duration of this course is 2 years, which is divided into four semesters. Although the fee always depends upon the university we are admitted to, yet the normally witnessed fee of this course is about 40000 to 2 lakhs rupees.

Entrance tests-

Okay so now we talk about all the entrance tests that are necessary for taking admission to this program.

Usually, JAM (Joint Admission Test) is considered to be the gateway to this course, but there are few other tests like JNU CEEB, Gate, Manipal University online entrance stress, etc. to roll into the science of biotechnology.

Admission process-

The admission process is not much hard once you clear the entrance tests about which we talked previously. And moreover, it may differ as every individual university or institution has its own unique and different admission process.

With this, we conclude this blog here with the hope that all of you will take yourselves and your family while at the same time your education should not be compromised. Give an entrance test and get a seat in Master of Science in Biotechnology, and for that purpose, you can find the best option at Having a great day ahead!

We hope you liked our blog and would love it if you reach out to us regarding any doubts whatsoever. Blalbiotech provides the best biotechnology studies for both undergraduate and postgraduate courses.

Hello! We have some great information for our science geeks who have completed their 12th recently and are looking forward to furthering studies but are confused about which field to choose yet. Well, we understand that when it comes to your career, your bachelor’s degree is the most important foundation for that. Being a science student, you might already have plenty of career options and streams to go. But what exactly is the best one made for you?

Well, if you are interested in the study of cellular and biomolecular processes for the development of technologies and other products that help people in their day-to-day life and health, then we have the best career option for you, Bachelor of Science in Biotechnology! Yes, this is the course that you have been looking for! The Bachelor of Science in biotechnology is a 3-year undergraduate course that involves an in-depth study of a biological process that is meant for industrial purposes like genetic manipulation of microorganisms to produce antibiotics, hormones, etc. used in medicine production and other such purposes.


Now, there are some common questions that students usually have regarding this course and we have the answers to make it less confusing for all of you out there.

  1. Is there any entrance exam for B. Sc. in biotechnology after 12th?

Yes, there are entrance tests for admission in B. Sc. Biotechnology conducted by both government and private colleges. The most noted ones would be:

  1. BHU UET at Banaras Hindu University
  2. AMUEE at Aligarh Muslim University
  3. IISER Aptitude Test
  4. JEE for IIT
  6. CG PAT
  7. JCECE
  8. MP PAT
  9. PAU CET and many more.

These are the entrance exams for B.Sc. Biotechnology, held by various universities and authorities nationwide.

Although JEE (Joint Entrance Examination) is necessary if you want to study this course in IIT.


  1. How to apply for B. Sc. in Biotechnology?

To apply for B. Sc. in Biotechnology, you must first meet a few qualifications, like:

  1. A minimum score of 50% (45% for SC and ST candidates) in both 10th and 12th classes, i.e., higher secondary and senior secondary levels.
  2. Should have studied biology, chemistry, and physics as main subjects in 12th and have scored a minimum of 60% in these 3 subjects.

If you are eligible to apply for B. Sc. in Biotechnology as per these qualifications, you can apply for the course in the colleges and wait for the cut-off lists that the colleges would release. You will get admission based on the marks gained in 10+2 and other reservations. Colleges like Blalbiotech provide students with easy admission facilities too.


  1. What are the subjects in B. Sc. biotechnology?

The course of B. Sc. Biotechnology includes both theoretical and practical subjects and the last year includes generic elective courses. The syllabus of Biotechnology in the respective semesters is-

Sem1 includes Macromolecular structure and analysis, biophysics and instrumentation, cell structure and dynamics, biomathematics, and chemistry.

Sem2 includes the study of organic mechanisms in biology, principles of transmission genetics and microbiology, biomathematics 2, and introduction to programming and digital logic.

Sem3 includes microbial genetics, principles of immunology, plant and animal tissue culture techniques and applications, plant biotechnology, and introduction to data structure and computer organization.

Sem4 includes molecular genetics, computational biology and bioinformatics, biodiversity and taxonomy, animal biotechnology, and introduction to DBMS, computer network, and numerical analysis.

Sem5 includes DNA typing and proteomics, recombinant DNA technology, environmental biotechnology, and industrial biotechnology.

Sem6 includes model organisms in the human genome project, elements of management introduction and entrepreneurship, medical biotechnology, and social, legal, and ethical issues of biotechnology.


  1. Is it necessary to have Mathematics as a subject in 12th to apply for B. Sc. Biotechnology?

No, mathematics is not necessary for B. Sc. Biotechnology. It is necessary only if you’re applying for B. Tech.

These were the frequently asked questions by the students interested in B. Sc. Technology. We hope this blog was helpful to you. You can reach out to Dr. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology as it will be the best option for your biotechnology course. All the best for your future endeavors!

When it comes to the medical field there are a lot of courses that are job oriented and short term in comparison to conventional medical degrees. Paramedical courses are medical assistance professional training oriented courses that provide vast employment opportunities. These courses are short term and offer very good packages.

Those who are trained in paramedical courses are referred to as Paramedics and offer instant support to the patient before doctors start treatment. They are well abreast to diagnose any disease in the human body through blood tests, ultrasound, X-ray, MRI, CT scan, etc.

Generally, these courses are related to Nursing, Pharmacy, and Medicine.

Below is a list of paramedical courses to do after 12th.

There are 3 types of courses to do after 12th.

  • Bachelor’s degree
  • Certificate course
  • Diploma course

Bachelor’s degree

Bachelor’s degree courses are generally 3 years long with an additional year of training and train students to be skilled and trained healthcare workers.

  • Bachelor’s in Physiotherapy
  • Sc in Nursing
  • Sc Radiology
  • Sc in Perfusion Technology
  • Sc in Cardiac Care Technology
  • Bachelors in Audio & Speech therapy.
  • Bachelor’s in Dialysis
  • Bachelor’s in Medical Imaging technology
  • Bachelor of Science in Optometry
  • Sc in Anaesthesia technology
  • Sc in Operation Theatre technology
  • Sc in Nuclear Medicine technology
  • Sc in Medical Record technology

Eligibility– Graduate degree course requires mandatory 12th in Science Biology with a minimum of 50% percentage.

Diploma course

The duration of these courses can vary from 1-3 years.

  • Diploma in X-Ray Technology
  • Diploma in Physiotherapy
  • Diploma in Dialysis Technology
  • Diploma in Dental Hygienist
  • Diploma in OT technician
  • Diploma in Rural Health Care
  • Diploma in Nursing care Assistant
  • Diploma in Community Health Care
  • Diploma in Anaesthesia technology
  • Diploma in Dialysis technology
  • Diploma in Occupational Therapy
  • Diploma in Nursing Midwifery
  • Diploma in Gynecology and Obstetrics

Eligibility– Diploma courses require minimum eligibility of 10th or 12th according to the course.

Certificate Paramedical Courses

These courses are generally 6 months to 2 years.

  • Certificate in Nutrition & Childcare
  • Certificate in Nursing Care assistant
  • Certificate in ECG and CT scan technician
  • Certificate in Home Based Health Care
  • Certificate in Lab technician
  • Certificate in Dental assistance
  • Certificate in HIV and Family Education
  • Certificate in Dialysis Technician
  • Certificate in Operation Theatre Assistance

Eligibility – these courses can be pursued after the 12th or 10th. These courses can also be pursued after any degree or diploma course.

There are many institutions in Rajasthan offering the best Paramedical courses to the students so that students can get a good earning job after completion of courses. The top Colleges in Rajasthan for Paramedical Courses are listed below. Check the list and take some help for your college selection.


Top Institutes in Rajasthan offering Paramedical Courses-

  1. B. Lal Institute of Biotechnology- Jaipur

For more than 10 years B.Lal institute is providing quality education to students. Apart from Paramedical sciences, the institute offers many other Bachelor’s and Master’s courses. Many other courses are a part of the academia of this institute.

Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology is a paramedical course offered here.

Students have been acquiring placements in respected organizations through campus placements and in B.Lal Labs as well.

With the vision of being the center of innovative education, research, science, and technology Dr. B. Lal institution is the best for paramedical courses after 12th.

  1. Banasthali Vidyapith- Jaipur

This NAAC grade A and UGC approved college is one of the top paramedical colleges for women.

This university provides many courses from vocational, bachelor’s, masters to doctoral.

Bachelor of Pharmacy

B.Sc in Nursing

B.Sc in Biotechnology are courses related to the paramedical field.

Placements from the students of this university have been acquired in big organizations of the country.

  1. NIMS University – Jaipur

NIMS is a NAAC accredited college which offers many paramedical graduates and postgraduate and diploma courses. This is a self-financed medical and technology college. Medical institutes in this college are the Institute of Pharmacy, Institute of Applied Sciences, and Institute of advanced sciences.

This is one of the best private colleges of Jaipur.

The placement quota of this institute is exceptionally well.

  1. SN Medical College – Jodhpur

Established in 1965 this college is MCI approved. Many paramedical graduate courses are a part of the academic stature of this college like

Bachelor of Medicine

Bachelor of Surgery

  1. Government Medical College – Kota

Established in 1992 Government college of Kota is MCI approved. Many hospitals and health care centers are also affiliated with this college.

Many paramedical diploma courses are provided at this college-like:

  • Diploma in Medical laboratory
  • Diploma in Ophthalmic Technical
  • Radiography

For more information on paramedical courses after 12th or any other query related to biotechnology, you can contact us via call, message, or talk to us online. We are always available to help you clear your queries.

Biotechnology is the field of exploration and exploitation of technology and biological life forms to find solutions to problems to incurable diseases, genetically induced diseases, depletion in crop yielding, etc. Biotechnology is a progressive pathway that connects biology, agriculture, Informatics, and technology.

We use the biology of cellular and bio-molecular processes in living cells of animals and plants to develop techniques, solutions, and products that improve the quality of humans.

It is a dynamic field with many-many sub trajectories that it is difficult to keep track of. It is continuously developing with new research and innovations. Knowledge of biotechnology is being applied in various fields to produce more products and solutions to tackle the challenges of humankind.

Biotechnology generally started with the contribution of medical and pharmaceuticals. But if we disintegrate the definition of biotechnology then years of agriculture and animal breeding are a part of biotechnology also.

Since, biotechnology is used in pharmaceutical, medical, food and agriculture, environment, and marine industry.

All the other fields are only extensions of these groups.

  1. Medical

It is the study and research of living cells and their components to understand the working, functioning, and processes of the human body. This knowledge is used to improve the quality of human life by finding cures to diseases, birth ailments, and finding prevention.

It involved producing drugs to cure and improve the functioning of the human body.

Extensive research was done on animal cells too.

The study of genetics was the result of biotechnology only which encompassed the study of DNA of cells. The study of DNA helped in the manipulation of genetic characteristics to our benefit like producing more insulin.

  • Vaccination

We all know vaccines are chemicals used to stimulate our body against pathogens and viruses. If not for vaccines thousands of children still might be suffering from vaccines, dying from smallpox and other diseases. The vaccine works on the principle of inserting a weaker version of disease into the bloodstream to create the illusion of an attack. The body combats the pathogens and in process, stores the information. When the body is actually under the attack body immediately recognizes it and defends the body against it.

  • Antibiotics

Tremendous developments in the invention of antibiotics have been possible because of biotechnology. To make this process more cost-effective plants are grown that are genetically feasible to produce antibodies.

  • Biotech startup revolution in producing medical drugs

This approach was different from the conventional chemical focused ways of pharmaceutical companies. This gave a boost to startups in the field which produced and invested in research of more effective and drugs

  1. Agriculture

With increasing population and depletion of lands, continuous deterioration of the environment, disruption in climatic cycles the crop yields are not enough. Hunger is already amongst the top concerns of the world. Biotechnology aids in the development of modified plants that have a higher yield rate, increasing plant potency to grow in difficult conditions also. This is done through a genetic infusion of one plant to others to provide for the lacking ability.

  • Crops resistant to pests

Pests and insects have been a problem for crops as long as we can remember. Using pesticides is not ideal as it not only proposes a threat to humans but the land also gets corroded duet o chemicals. So, pest-resistant crops can be a major savior of our health and resources. Eg. Bacillus thuringiensis is a gene that is transferred to crops.


  • Plant and animal breeding

Selective breeding has been a practice to produce a desirable offspring by choosing to species having the required characteristics. Offspring in animals are bred to have qualities like strength, resistance to diseases, domiciled animals.

This concept, when taken to the molecular level, serves the same purpose with more profound results.

Genetic markers are pointed out in the animals and plants and bred together. It is biotechnology that helps in understanding if the traits will be transferred or lost recessively.


  1. Industrial

This area is for applying biotechnology to industrial aims like industrial fermentation. By bringing biotechnology in the industrial processes efficiency is increased. Also, the impacts of industries on the environment can be reevaluated and toned down a bit

General places where biotechnology has shown its work are the use of enzymes to produce food products, detergents, textiles, and paper, etc.

Biocatalysts, Fermentation, biofuels, etc are products of industrial biotechnology.


  1. Environmental sector

Waste treatment, pollution prevention, is much more successful when implemented by biotechnological processes. Biotechnology has helped in reducing the dependency on land disposal of waste. This is done by stimulating bacteria that thrive on chemical and industrial waste.

Applications of biotechnology

  • Supplementation of nutrients in food like golden rice.
  • Abiotic Stress resistance by producing crops that are resistant to weather, climate, saline land, droughts, water scarcity, etc.
  • Producing strength fibers from the infusion of spider web and goat milk.
  • Production of environmentally friendly fuel.

Biotechnology plays a very vital role in Pharmaceutical Research and Development sector. In today’s time, 15% of the bounce is elicited from the biopharmaceutical industry. Biotechnology is the science that merges with technology that is being used in the pharmaceutical industry and it is proven to be advantageous specifically in the manufacturing of genetic testing and vaccinations.

What is the importance of biotechnology in the field of Pharmaceutical Industry?

Pharmaceutical companies are highly working towards the production of medicines and lifesaving vaccines for the entire global community. And when the pharmaceutical industry uses the advances of biotechnology and its sophisticated techniques, the result is better and faster delivery of drugs. Biotechnology has contributed to the Pharma industry for the preparation of vaccines and medicines in an accurate manner.

Biotechnology has helped the Pharma industry in the development of better processes, new products, and also has come up with new technologies to improve the existing methods. Thus, biotechnology when combined with the pharmaceutical industry can introduce a large number of jobs at the international level.


Some of the fields of the Pharmaceutical industry where biotechnology has played a vital role-



Today, when the world is fighting with the fear of Coronavirus and all our hopes stand united on the development of the COVID-19 vaccine. It can be well understood about how much the vaccination industry demands the expenditure of resources.

The pharmaceutical industry strives to manufacture products that are beneficial in fighting various diseases. Some diseases can still not be cured by medication, therefore the concept of vaccination came into the picture. The most relevant indication is metabolic, oncology disorders of the musculoskeletal system, and for the near future, it can be anticipated that the relevancy of the biopharmaceutical sector will be a boom.

The pharmaceutical industry aims at manufacturing products that can be used particularly for the benefit of society to deal with several health problems. The fast pacing changes in the environment, lifestyle, economy, increasing population, etc lead to more difficulties in alleviating diseases but the biopharmaceutical industry has found a cure for several diseases including Hepatitis B, Multiple sclerosis, Cancer, Cardiovascular Disease, etc. Investment in biotechnological research has resulted in finding the cure to diseases that were considered incurable.

Presently, it can be seen that the share of entities that are involved in preclinical testing generally depends on biotechnology and that share is more than 25% of all the entities being used in preclinical testing. The commodities used in the treatment of diseases like cancer, infectious diseases, and metabolic disorders are a bit more important.

A good share of resources needs to be invested in the field of biotechnology especially for developing countries like India for the growth of the economy as well as to establish themselves on the global front. Biotechnology enables the pharmaceutical industry to develop methods, processes to improve current ones. As the industry is not only beneficial for the medical sector but the country’s economy too as it helps in generating new jobs and preserves the existing one.


Genetic Testing:

Genetic testing is a form of medical test that specifies the changes in chromosomes, proteins, or genes of an organism. The result of a genetic test can verify or rule out an expected genetic condition or help deduce a person’s chance of developing or enacting on a genetic disorder. More than 1,000 genetic tests are presently in use, and further are being formulated.

Various methods can be obtained for genetic testing:

Molecular genetic tests study solitary genes or short lengths of DNA to specify variations or modifications that steer to a genetic disorder.

Chromosomal genetic tests help in the analysis of entire chromosomes or the long lengths of DNA to identify the occurrence of huge genetic changes such as an additional copy of a chromosome, that induces a genetic condition.

Biochemical genetic tests research

Biochemical genetic tests research the proportion or activity level of proteins; abnormalities in either can imply changes to the DNA that result in a genetic syndrome.

Genetic testing is instinctive. Because testing has advantages as well as restrictions and risks, the decision about whether to be tested is a subjective and difficult one. A geneticist can assist by giving information about the pros and cons of the test and examining the social and emotional factors of testing.


Biotechnology was introduced to the world in the early 90s and from then onwards, this technology has shown immense growth in almost all the industries. The major reason for the adoption of biotechnology by the pharmaceutical companies in the low-cost of products developed by biotech.

Another major reason is that the pharmaceutical industry is solely dependent on the security of its users and this just cannot be compromised at any level. And biotechnology is reliable and results based which is why it was thoughtfully amassed by the pharmaceutical industry across the globe.

When pharmaceutical and biotechnology come concurrently, it results in the betterment of humankind. It works differently for every patient, the dosages shall be given according to the patient’s genetic, as prescribed by the doctor.